You are looking at  1-20 of 29 articles  for:

  • diplomacy and international relations x
  • Christian: Catholic - papacy and episcopacy x
Clear All

Article

Bainbridge, Christopher (1462/3–1514), ambassador, archbishop of York, and cardinal, was born at Hilton, near Appleby, Westmorland, the eldest of six children of Reginald Bainbridge and Isobel Langton; he owed much in his education and early advancement to his maternal uncle Thomas Langton, bishop of ...

Article

Bateman [Norwich], William (c. 1298–1355), diplomat, founder of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and bishop of Norwich, was probably born in Norwich (from which he was sometimes named), the third son of William and Margery Bateman. His father was many times bailiff of the city, and in 1326–7 its member of ...

Article

Beaton, James (1524–1603), diplomat and archbishop of Glasgow, born in the spring or early summer of 1524, was the son of James Beaton, laird of Balfarg (Fife), and his wife, Helen Melville. He belonged to the third generation of the Beaton hegemony in the church: lesser prelates apart, ...

Article

Campeggi [Campeggio], Lorenzo (1471/2–1539), diplomat and bishop of Salisbury, was born in Milan, the eldest of the five sons of Giovanni Zaccaria Campeggi and Dorotea di Tommaso Tebaldi. He took his doctorate in canon and civil law at Bologna in 1500, the same year in which he married ...

Article

Castellesi [da Castello, da Corneto], Adriano (c. 1461–1521), cardinal and English agent in Rome, was born in Corneto (now Tarquinia) to 'a modest and almost servile family' (Paschini, 88). Castellesi began a career in the papal bureaucracy, and in 1488 was sent by ...

Article

Clerk, John (1481/2?–1541), diplomat and bishop of Bath and Wells, was probably one of several sons of Clement Clerk of Much Livermere, Suffolk, and very likely the John Clerk of Norwich diocese dispensed in 1501 to hold a benefice despite being aged only nineteen....

Article

Du Bellay, Jean (1498–1560), diplomat and bishop of Paris, was born at Glatigny, the second son of Louis Du Bellay and Marguerite de la Tour-Landry. He studied first at the University of Angers, then in Paris at the Collège de Navarre, and finally at ...

Article

Forman, Andrew (c. 1465–1521), diplomat and archbishop of St Andrews, was probably the son of Nicholas Forman of Hatton, Berwickshire, and his wife, Janet Blackadder. He had at least two brothers. A determinant at St Andrews University in 1481, he graduated there two years later, when he was probably about eighteen; he does not appear to have proceeded MA. In the late 1480s he was employed by ...

Article

Fox, Edward (1496–1538), diplomat and bishop of Hereford, was born at Dursley, Gloucestershire, one of at least three children of William Fox (of a well-known Shropshire gentry family) and his wife, Joanna. According to one unreliable source he had a brother named Charles...

Article

Gainsburgh [Gainsborough], William (c. 1260–1307), diplomat and bishop of Worcester, was of unknown origins, but is presumed to have come from Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, because in 1300 he interceded with the king for some of its inhabitants arrested at York for homicide. He is first in evidence at the ...

Article

Ghinucci, Girolamo (1480–1541), diplomat and bishop of Worcester, was most likely the illegitimate son of one of the Ghinucci, a patrician banking family of Siena. Destined for a career in the church he was sent in early childhood for education in Rome under the tutelage of ...

Article

Gigli, Giovanni (1434–1498), papal official, diplomat, and bishop of Worcester, was born at Bruges, the son of Carlo Gigli, a member of the Lucchese merchant community there, and his wife, Camilla Cagnoli. His father had had links with England since 1451, and was resident in ...

Article

Gigli, Silvestro (1463–1521), diplomat and bishop of Worcester, was born in Lucca in 1463, perhaps on 1 January, to Ser Nicolao Gigli (c.1410–1489) and his wife, Francesca (b. c.1433, d. after 1489), daughter of Giusfredo Rapondi. His patrician family exerted significant political power in ...

Article

Gray, William (c. 1388–1436), diplomat and bishop of Lincoln, obtained letters dimissory for the priesthood in 1414, and was therefore probably born about 1388 or shortly thereafter. The papal registers describe him as 'by both parents of a noble race of earls and barons' (...

Article

Knight, William (1475/6–1547), diplomat and bishop of Bath and Wells, was admitted as a scholar to Winchester College in 1487, aged eleven, the son of a college tenant in London. Little is known of his family. In 1514 he referred to John Newington...

Article

Landel, William (d. 1385), bishop of St Andrews and diplomat, was probably a younger son of a baronial family originally established in Berwickshire. On the death of his brother John, William acquired the baronies of Hownam and Crailing in Roxburghshire, but surrendered these in 1367 to ...

Article

Livingston, Thomas (1390/91–1460), titular bishop of Dunkeld and diplomat, was the illegitimate son of (almost certainly) a member of the baronial family of Livingston of Callendar in Stirlingshire, possibly Sir John Livingston (d. 1402). He was among the first graduates of St Andrews University...

Article

Marillac, Charles de (1510x13–1560), diplomat and archbishop of Vienne, was probably born at Aigueperse in the Auvergne; he was the third son of Guillaume de Marillac, a nobleman who had served the duc de Bourbon, and of Marguerite Genest. Nothing is known about his childhood, but he was described as 'much advanced towards letters'. Having studied law, he became a barrister in the ...

Article

Morgan, Philip [Philip ap Morgan] (d. 1435), diplomat and bishop of Worcester and of Ely, was a Welshman from Llandaff diocese, but held his earliest preferments in St David's diocese, from before July 1390. He had a sister, Tanylwyst, and nephews Lewis Morgan...

Article

Northburgh, Michael (c. 1300–1361), diplomat and bishop of London, was a nephew of Roger Northburgh, bishop of Coventry and Lichfield (d. 1358). He studied at Oxford, proceeding MA by 1329 and DCL by 1336; in old age he was one of three bishops who witnessed the royal grant of privileges to the university on 27 June 1357....