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Adair, Archibald (d. 1647), Church of Ireland bishop of Waterford and Lismore, was the fourth son of Ninian Adair (fl. 1588), laird of Kinhilt in Galloway, and Catherine Agnew of Lochnaw, also in Galloway. He matriculated at St Andrews University in 1593 and graduated MA in 1596. He appears to have been presented to the vicarage of ...

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Patrick Adamson (1537–1592) by unknown artist, 1569 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Adamson [Constantine], Patrick (1537–1592), archbishop of St Andrews, was born, probably in Perth, in March 1537. He was said to have been the son of a baker, but his grandfather Dionysius Adamson or Constantine was town clerk of Perth in the late fifteenth century, while his father, ...

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Aitken [Atkine], James (1612/13–1687), bishop of Galloway, was born in Kirkwall, Orkney, the third son of Henry Aitken, commissary and sheriff of Orkney and Shetland, and Elizabeth Buchanan. He attended Kirkwall grammar school before moving on to the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated MA on 23 July 1636. During the next two turbulent years of the covenanting revolution he completed his formal education at ...

Article

A. B. Grosart

revised by Alan R. MacDonald

Bellenden, Adam (c. 1572–1648), bishop of Dunblane and of Aberdeen, was the son of Sir John Bellenden (d. 1576) of Auchnoul, lord justice clerk 1547–72, and his third wife, Janet Seton, and the half-brother of Sir Lewis Bellenden, also lord justice clerk. He studied at the ...

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Bothwell, Adam (1529?–1593), bishop of Orkney, was the son of Francis Bothwell (d. 1535) and his second wife, Katherine Bellenden. He came of an important Edinburgh family with many links to the king's government. His paternal grandfather, William, was a town burgess and dean of guild. His father was provost of ...

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Brown, George Francis Graham (1891–1942), bishop in Jerusalem, was born at Lanzhou, capital of Gansu province in China, on 27 January 1891, the second son of George Graham Brown (1862–1945) and his wife, Eliza Catherine, née Fenton (1863–1928). His parents were pioneer missionaries with the ...

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Gilbert Burnet (1643–1715) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1693 Wimpole Hall, The Bambridge Collection (The National Trust). Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Burnet, Gilbert (1643–1715), bishop of Salisbury and historian, was born in Edinburgh on 18 September 1643, the youngest child of Robert Burnet (d. 1661), a judge of the court of session as Lord Crimond, and Rachel Johnston, sister of Archibald Johnston, Lord Wariston...

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Campbell, Alexander, of Carco (d. 1608), bishop of Brechin, was a younger son of Sir John Campbell of Ardkinglas in Argyll, and brother to James Campbell of Ardkinglas, comptroller during the minority of James VI. In May 1566, while still apparently a minor, he received the bishopric of ...

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Campbell, Neil (d. 1613?), bishop of Argyll, appears to have been the son of Alexander Macpherson of the Carnassarie Campbells, the surname meaning 'son of the parson', although the combination of a common surname and paucity of records makes certain identification difficult. One ...

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Carswell, John [Séon Carsuel] (c. 1522–1572), bishop of the Isles, known in tradition as ‘Carsualach Mór Chàrn-Àsaraidh’ (‘Big Carswell of Carnassarie’), was probably born at Kilmartin in Argyll. His ancestors may well have been recently brought over from Corsewall in Wigtownshire, an estate then under ...

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Cowper [Couper], William (1568–1619), bishop of Galloway, was the son of John Cowper, a merchant tailor of Edinburgh, and Marion Duncan. John Cowper (d. 1603) was his brother. According to his autobiography,

in my younger yeares I was trained up with the wrestlings of God; from my youth I have borne his yoke, exercised with his terrours; yet, so that many a time his sweet consolations have refreshed my soule....

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Randall Thomas Davidson, Baron Davidson of Lambeth (1848–1930) by John Singer Sargent, 1910 reproduced by kind permission of His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Church Commissioners. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Davidson, Randall Thomas, Baron Davidson of Lambeth (1848–1930), archbishop of Canterbury, was born at 15 Inverleith Place, Edinburgh, on 7 April 1848, of pure Scottish blood. He was the eldest son of Henry Davidson (1810–1889), timber merchant of Leith, and his wife, Henrietta (...

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Douglas, John (c. 1500–1574), archbishop of St Andrews and educational reformer, was born in Longnewton, Roxburghshire, the son of Robert Douglas. His cousin Hugh Douglas was the son of William Douglas of Bon-Jedburgh, but nothing else is known of John Douglas before he matriculated in ...

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Dowden, John (1840–1910), Scottish Episcopal bishop of Edinburgh and scholar, was born on 29 June 1840 at Cork, the fifth of the five surviving children of John Wheeler Dowden (1799–1891), linen draper, and his wife, Alicia Bennett (d. 1869), daughter of John Barter Bennett...

Article

Thomas Hamilton

revised by M. Perceval-Maxwell

Echlin, Robert (1576–1635), Church of Ireland bishop of Down and Connor, was the second of three sons of Henry Echlin, laird of Pittadro in Fife (who was in Edinburgh Castle during the famous siege of 1573), and Grizel, daughter of Robert Colvile of ...

Article

James Cooper

revised by A. S. Wayne Pearce

Forbes, Alexander (1564–1617), bishop of Aberdeen, was the son of John Forbes of Ardmurdo, from the Brux branch of the Forbes family, and his second wife, Helen Graham, a daughter of Graham of Morphie. He graduated MA from the University of St Andrews...

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Patrick Forbes of Corse (1564–1635) by R. G., pubd 1635 © National Portrait Gallery, London