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Aldam, Thomas (1616?–1660), Quaker preacher and writer, was born in Warmsworth, near Doncaster, although no further details of his parentage are known. He was a relatively affluent yeoman. He married Mary Killam (d. 1660) in 1644, and the couple had at least one child, ...

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Horace Gundry Alexander (1889–1989) by Morland Braithwaite private collection

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Alexander, Horace Gundry (1889–1989), Quaker envoy and mediator, was born on 18 April 1889 at Croydon, Surrey, the youngest of four sons of Joseph Gundry Alexander (1848–1918), a Quaker barrister and advocate of international arbitration, and of Josephine Crosfield Alexander. He was educated at ...

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Alexander, Mary (1760–1809), Quaker minister, was born on 7 February 1760 at Needham Market, Suffolk, the third of the eight children of Dykes Alexander (c.1724–1786), shopkeeper, and his wife, Martha Biddle (1727–1775), of whom five survived childhood. Both her parents were established Quakers, her father being an elder and her mother a minister. ...

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Ames, William (d. 1662), Quaker preacher, was born at Frampton Cotterell, near Bristol; his parents' names are not known. He was not well educated and when young was prone to lying, drunkenness, and licentiousness. During the civil war he joined the king's army and later served as a marine under ...

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Ashbridge [née Sampson], Elizabeth (1713–1755), Quaker minister and writer, was born in Middlewich, Cheshire, the daughter of Thomas Sampson, a ship's surgeon, and his wife, Mary. Few details are known about Elizabeth's early life, parents, and family; indeed, most of the information about her later life and career is taken from her spiritual autobiography (composed about 1745), which records her '...

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Audland, John (c. 1630–1664), Quaker preacher, was born near Camsgill, Kendal, Westmorland, to 'parents and kindred of good repute' (Thomas Camm's testimony). A linen draper, he lived at Crosslands, near Preston Patrick, Westmorland. Early on he became an eminent preacher and '...

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Backhouse, Edward (1808–1879), Quaker minister and historical writer, was born at Darlington on 8 May 1808, the son of Edward and Mary Backhouse. He lived from his youth at Sunderland, where he was partner in the collieries and the bank with which his family had been connected for many years, although he took no active part in the business. He was fond of travel, a good amateur painter, and a student of natural history. He devoted himself chiefly to the promotion of philanthropic and religious causes. He was a generous supporter of various institutions in ...

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Barclay, Robert, of Ury (1648–1690), religious writer and colonial governor, was born at Gordonstown, Moray, on 23 December 1648, the eldest of the five children of David Barclay of Ury (1610–1686), soldier and politician, and Katherine Gordon (1620–1663), daughter of Sir Robert Gordon...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Barclay, Robert (1833–1876), Quaker and ecclesiastical historian, was born at Croydon on 4 August 1833, the younger son of John Barclay (1797–1838), a descendant of the Quaker apologist Robert Barclay, and himself an expert on the early literature of the Society of Friends...

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Bedford, Hilkiah (1663–1724), bishop of the nonjuring Church of England, was born on 23 July 1663 in Hosier Lane, near West Smithfield, London, where his father, also Hilkiah (b. 1632), was a mathematical instrument maker. The family originally came from Sibsey, near ...

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Benson, Gervase (d. 1679), Quaker leader, lived at Haygarth in Sedbergh, Yorkshire, and Kendal, Westmorland; he also had a house at Borratt in Sedbergh. A notary public before 1640, and later commissary of the archdeaconry of Richmond at Kendal, Benson was the first ecclesiastical lawyer to join ...

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Besse, Joseph (1683–1757), historian of Quakerism, was born at Billericay, Essex, the son of Joseph Besse. In 1716 he married Hannah Dehorne (d. in or before 1757), daughter of George Dehorne of Colchester; they had six children. Besse worked as a schoolmaster in ...

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Bevan, Joseph Gurney (1753–1814), religious writer, was born on 18 February 1753 in London, the only child of Timothy Bevan (1704–1786), pharmacist, and his second wife, Hannah Springhall (1714–1784), daughter of Joseph and Hannah Gurney. Raised as a member of the Society of Friends...

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Biddle, Hester (1629/30–1697), Quaker minister and writer, spent her childhood in Oxford. She twice refers to having been born an Anglican, but nothing else is known of her family origin. She wrote only under her married name, so her marriage to Thomas Biddle (...

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Bishop, George (d. 1668), government official and religious writer, was born in Bristol, probably the son of Thomas Bishop, brewer, who became a freeman of the city in 1612. A local and London administrator as well as a New Model Army captain during the civil wars, ...

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Blaugdone, Barbara (c. 1609–1704), Quaker preacher, was 'a Woman of good Parts and Education' (Besse, 2.37) and well connected. Her husband, about whom nothing is known, probably died young, leaving her a widow with a small income which she supplemented by teaching. She was converted to Quakerism in 1654 by ...

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Blaykling, Ann (fl. 1652–1708), Quaker preacher, was probably born at Draw-well, near Sedbergh in Yorkshire, the daughter of Thomas Blaykling, of whom nothing is known except that he shared a substantial house with his son John (1625–1705). Another son, Richard, was a puritan minister. When ...

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Bownas, Samuel (1677–1753), Quaker minister and writer, was born on 20 January 1677 at Shap, Westmorland, the second of the two children of Anthony Bownas (d. 1677), shoemaker, and his wife, Agnes. Samuel's father died within a month of his birth. Thereafter money was short and he and his brother received only a basic education in reading and writing. At thirteen ...

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See Braithwaite, Joseph Bevan