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Abrahams, Israel (1858–1925), Jewish scholar and historian, was born on 26 November 1858 at 10 Finsbury Square, London, the second son in the family of four sons and two daughters of Barnett Abrahams (1831–1863) and his wife, Jane, née Brandon (1834–1895). His father was principal of ...

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Israel Abrahams (1858–1925) by Isaac Cohen Liberal Jewish Synagogue

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Abramsky, Yehezkel (1886–1976), rabbinic scholar and Orthodox Jewish leader, was born on or about 7 February 1886 in Dashkovtsy, near Most and Grodno, Lithuania, the third child and eldest son of Mordecai Zalman Abramsky, a local timber merchant, and his wife, Freydel Goldin...

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Aguilar, Grace (1816–1847), writer on Jewish history and religion and novelist, was born on 2 June 1816 in Hackney, Middlesex, the eldest of the three children of Emanuel Aguilar (1787–1845), merchant, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1854), daughter of Jacob Dias Fernandez...

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Cohen, Chapman (1868–1954), freethought writer and lecturer, was born in Leicester on 1 September 1868, the elder son of Enoch Cohen, a Jewish confectioner, and his wife, Deborah Barnett. His upbringing was more noted for the absence of Christianity than for any positive Jewish features. He attended a local elementary school but was otherwise self-educated. Although an avid reader, versed in ...

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Gaster, Moses (1856–1939), scholar and rabbi, was born in Bucharest, Romania, on or about 16 September 1856, the eldest son of Abraham Emanuel Gaster (d. 1926), then the commercial attaché of the Netherlands consulate in that city, and his wife, Phina Judith Rubinstein...

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Gollancz, Sir Hermann (1852–1930), rabbi and Semitic scholar, was born at Bremen on 30 November 1852, the eldest son of Rabbi Samuel Marcus Gollancz, minister of the Hambro Synagogue, then in Leadenhall Street, London, and his wife, Johanna Koppell. He had three sisters and three brothers, his youngest brother being ...

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Kalisch, Marcus Moritz (1825–1885), Hebraist and biblical commentator, was born of Jewish parents at Treptow, Pomerania, on 16 May 1825. He was educated in Berlin, first at the Gymnasium of the Grauer Kloster, then at the University of Berlin, where he studied classical philology and Semitic languages, and finally at the rabbinical seminary. In 1848 he gained doctorates at the universities of ...

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Alfred Hyman Louis (1829–1915) by Histed © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Louis, Alfred Hyman (1829–1915), scholar and visionary vagrant, was born in 1829 in Birmingham, the eldest son of Hyman Tobias (or Tobar) Louis, a well-to-do merchant, and his wife, Maria. At fifteen he entered King Edward's School, Birmingham, where he began long friendships with ...

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Moses Margoliouth (1815–1881) by John William Cook, pubd 1850 [with the marble head of Empress Theodora, discovered among the ruins of Carthage] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Margoliouth, Moses (1815–1881), Hebrew scholar and convert from Judaism, was born in Suwałki, Poland, son of a prosperous local merchant named Gershon Margoliouth (d. c.1852), apparently originally surnamed Epstein or Epszteyn. In 1834 Moses Margoliouth married Chaja Goldberg (1818–1870), daughter of writer and historian ...

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Marks, David Woolf (1811–1909), rabbi and Hebrew scholar, was born in London on 22 November 1811, the eldest son of Woolf Marks, merchant, and his wife, Mary. His early education was at the Jews' Free School in Bell Lane, Spitalfields, and when just thirteen years old he was placed in charge of the management of the school for three months during the absence of the master through illness. He then spent five years as a pupil teacher at ...

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Montefiore, Claude Joseph Goldsmid- (1858–1938), scholar and founder of Liberal Judaism, was born in London on 6 June 1858, the youngest of four children born to Nathaniel Mayer Montefiore (1819–1883), medical practitioner, and his wife, Emma, née Goldsmid (1819–1902). On his father's side ...

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Nieto, David (1654–1728), rabbi and scholar, was born in Venice on 18 January 1654, the son of Phineas or Pinchas Nieto. He studied medicine in Padua, and then functioned as a dayan (religious judge), preacher, and physician in Leghorn. By 1687 he had married ...

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Norwich, Isaac of (c. 1170–1235/6), moneylender and patron of rabbinic scholarship, was the only known son of Eliab (or Jurnet) of Norwich (c.1130–1197) and his wife, Muriel. His father, also a moneylender and scholarly patron, was the dominant figure in the twelfth-century Jewish community of ...

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Rosen, Kopul (1913–1962), rabbi and educationist, was born on 2 November 1913 at 9 Convent Gardens, Notting Hill, London, the younger son of Shlomo (Solomon) Rosen, formerly Rosrazowsky (d. 1950), a button maker, and his wife, Feige (Fanny), née Bialostock (d...

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See Porter [née Seale], Dorothea Noelle Naomi [Thea]

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Stein, Leonard Jacques (1887–1973), scholar and Zionist, was born in London on 12 December 1887, the only son (he had one sister) of Philip David Stein, a merchant, and his wife, Matilda Esther, daughter of Louis Beaver, jeweller in Manchester. His parents were of German-Jewish origin; the family had come to ...

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Tang, Abraham ben Naphtali [Abraham Abrahams] (d. 1792), theologian and historian, was probably born in London. He was the grandson of Abraham ben Moses Taussig Neungreschel (thus the acronym Tang), a Prague rabbi who died in 1699. His son Naphtali left Prague...