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Bosanquet, James Whatman (1804–1877), banker and biblical historian, was born on 10 January 1804, the second son of Samuel Bosanquet (1768–1843), banker, and his wife, Laetitia Philippa (1774–1855), daughter of James Whatman of Kent. Samuel Richard Bosanquet was his elder brother. The Bosanquets...

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Brown, Henton (1697/8–1775), Quaker minister and banker, of unknown parentage, was born in London. He was educated by Friends, and in 1718 he married Sarah, of whom further details are unknown, in an Anglican ceremony, contrary to the beliefs of the society. The couple repented this action and their acknowledgement of wrongdoing was accepted by the society on 20 January 1720. The couple had eleven children, many of whom died in infancy....

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Cookman, George (bap. 1774, d. 1856), businessman, lay preacher, and radical politician, was baptized on 20 January 1774 in the church of St Peter in the village of Owthorne, on the east Yorkshire coast, the son of Grimston Cookman, yeoman, and his wife, ...

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Cruttwell, Richard (1776–1846), financial writer and Church of England clergyman, was educated at Exeter College, Oxford, and took the degree of BCL on 13 June 1803. He was at one period chaplain of HMS Trident, and secretary to Rear-Admiral Sir Alexander J. Ball...

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Cunningham, William (1849–1919), economic historian and Church of England clergyman, was born on 29 December 1849 at 50 Queen Street, Edinburgh, the second of three children born to James Cunningham, a lawyer, and his second wife, Elizabeth Boyle Dunlop, youngest daughter of Alexander Dunlop...

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William Cunningham (1849–1919) by William Strang, 1908 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Duncan, Henry (1774–1846), Church of Scotland minister and savings bank founder, was born at Lochrutton, Kirkcudbrightshire, on 8 October 1774, the third son of the minister George Duncan (1738–1807) and his first wife, Anne M'Murdo (d. 1824). He was educated at Dumfries Academy...

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Henry Duncan (1774–1846) by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson, c. 1843–6 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Eveske, Elias l' (d. in or after 1259), financier and leader of the Jewish community in England, was the eldest of the several sons of Benedict l'Eveske of London. Born before 1200, he became a prominent figure during the 1220s, and by the 1230s was firmly established as one of the leading members of the ...

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Frend, William (1757–1841), religious writer and actuary, was born on 22 November 1757 at Canterbury, the second son of George Frend, wine merchant, alderman, and twice mayor of the city, and his wife, Catherine (d. 1763). His mother died when he was five years old, and his father married, on 25 September 1764, ...

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William Frend (1757–1841) by A. Birrell, pubd 1793 (after Sylvester Harding, 1789) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Joseph John Gurney (1788–1847) by Charles Edward Wagstaff (after George Richmond, 1836) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gurney, Joseph John (1788–1847), banker and religious writer, was born on 2 August 1788 at Earlham Hall, Norwich, the eleventh of the twelve children of John Gurney (1749–1809) and Catherine Gurney, née Bell (1754–1792). The Gurneys, Quakers from the mid-seventeenth century, had developed a substantial wool-stapling business and were known for their social concern, evinced, for instance, in ...

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Ingram, Robert Acklom (1763–1809), Church of England clergyman and economist, eldest son of Robert Ingram (1727–1804) and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Richard Acklom, was probably born in Wormingford or Boxted, Essex, and was educated at Dr Thomas Grimwood's school, Dedham, and Queens' College, Cambridge...

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Richardson, Thomas (1771–1853), financier and benefactor of Quaker institutions, son of Robert Richardson, formerly of Hull, and his wife, Caroline Garth, née Richardson, was born at Darlington on 15 September 1771. He was second cousin of George Richardson and was related by marriage on his mother's side to ...

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See Shrubsole, William

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Sibly, Manoah (1757–1840), Swedenborgian minister and banker, was born at Bristol on 20 August 1757. He was the brother of Ebenezer Sibly (1751–c. 1799), a notable publisher of esoteric lore, and was himself an autodidact and nonconformist, self-taught in the classical and biblical languages, part of the self-taught artisan culture. He specialized in alchemy and astrology, and became for a period a bookseller in ...

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Throckmorton [née Lok; other married name Hickman], Rose (1526–1613), businesswoman and protestant exile, was born on 26 December 1526 in London, the third of eleven children of Sir William Lok (1480–1550), great-great-great-grandfather of the philosopher John Locke (1632–1704), London mercer, sheriff, and alderman, and gentleman usher of the chamber to ...

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Philip Henry Wicksteed (1844–1927) by unknown photographer, c. 1874 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Wicksteed, Philip Henry (1844–1927), Unitarian minister and economist, was born on 25 October 1844 at Leeds, one of the nine children of the Revd Charles Wicksteed (1810–1885), a Unitarian minister, and his wife, Jane Lupton (1815?–1902). Wicksteed was educated at the grammar school, Ruthin, Denbighshire...