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Appleby, John (d. 1389), dean of St Paul's, London, and diplomat, exemplifies at once the excesses of careerism and the intellectual sophistication that characterized the upper ranks of the fourteenth-century English church. He was a native of Appleby, Westmorland, and the north of ...

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Bainbridge, Christopher (1462/3–1514), ambassador, archbishop of York, and cardinal, was born at Hilton, near Appleby, Westmorland, the eldest of six children of Reginald Bainbridge and Isobel Langton; he owed much in his education and early advancement to his maternal uncle Thomas Langton, bishop of ...

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Balnaves, Henry (d. 1570), diplomat and religious reformer, is said by Calderwood to have come from Kirkcaldy and studied in Cologne. He returned to St Andrews, appearing on the rolls of St Salvator's College in 1527 as magister, the title by which he is usually designated, though where he received his MA degree is uncertain. He worked as a procurator in ...

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Bateman [Norwich], William (c. 1298–1355), diplomat, founder of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and bishop of Norwich, was probably born in Norwich (from which he was sometimes named), the third son of William and Margery Bateman. His father was many times bailiff of the city, and in 1326–7 its member of ...

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Beaton, James (1524–1603), diplomat and archbishop of Glasgow, born in the spring or early summer of 1524, was the son of James Beaton, laird of Balfarg (Fife), and his wife, Helen Melville. He belonged to the third generation of the Beaton hegemony in the church: lesser prelates apart, ...

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Campeggi [Campeggio], Lorenzo (1471/2–1539), diplomat and bishop of Salisbury, was born in Milan, the eldest of the five sons of Giovanni Zaccaria Campeggi and Dorotea di Tommaso Tebaldi. He took his doctorate in canon and civil law at Bologna in 1500, the same year in which he married ...

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Castellesi [da Castello, da Corneto], Adriano (c. 1461–1521), cardinal and English agent in Rome, was born in Corneto (now Tarquinia) to 'a modest and almost servile family' (Paschini, 88). Castellesi began a career in the papal bureaucracy, and in 1488 was sent by ...

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Cheyne, Sir John (d. 1414), diplomat, heretic, and speaker-elect of the House of Commons, of unknown parentage, was a scion of the family of Cheyne of Drayton Beauchamp, Buckinghamshire. Almost certainly a younger son, he was probably intended for a career in the church. ...

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Clerk, John (1481/2?–1541), diplomat and bishop of Bath and Wells, was probably one of several sons of Clement Clerk of Much Livermere, Suffolk, and very likely the John Clerk of Norwich diocese dispensed in 1501 to hold a benefice despite being aged only nineteen....

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Docwra, Sir Thomas (d. 1527), prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England and diplomat, was descended from the Westmorland family of Docwra of Docwra Hall, Kendal, belonging to a cadet branch which had settled in Hertfordshire. His father, Richard Docwra...

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Du Bellay, Jean (1498–1560), diplomat and bishop of Paris, was born at Glatigny, the second son of Louis Du Bellay and Marguerite de la Tour-Landry. He studied first at the University of Angers, then in Paris at the Collège de Navarre, and finally at ...

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Eaton, (Horace Charles Le) Gai [names in religion Hasan ‘Abd al-Hakim, Sidi Hasan] (1921–2010), diplomatist and Muslim scholar, was born on 1 January 1921 in Lausanne, Switzerland, the son of Francis Henry Launcelot Errington (1854–1942), barrister, and Ruth Frances Muddock (1881–1973)...

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Forman, Andrew (c. 1465–1521), diplomat and archbishop of St Andrews, was probably the son of Nicholas Forman of Hatton, Berwickshire, and his wife, Janet Blackadder. He had at least two brothers. A determinant at St Andrews University in 1481, he graduated there two years later, when he was probably about eighteen; he does not appear to have proceeded MA. In the late 1480s he was employed by ...

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Fox, Edward (1496–1538), diplomat and bishop of Hereford, was born at Dursley, Gloucestershire, one of at least three children of William Fox (of a well-known Shropshire gentry family) and his wife, Joanna. According to one unreliable source he had a brother named Charles...

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Gainsburgh [Gainsborough], William (c. 1260–1307), diplomat and bishop of Worcester, was of unknown origins, but is presumed to have come from Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, because in 1300 he interceded with the king for some of its inhabitants arrested at York for homicide. He is first in evidence at the ...

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Ghinucci, Girolamo (1480–1541), diplomat and bishop of Worcester, was most likely the illegitimate son of one of the Ghinucci, a patrician banking family of Siena. Destined for a career in the church he was sent in early childhood for education in Rome under the tutelage of ...

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Gigli, Giovanni (1434–1498), papal official, diplomat, and bishop of Worcester, was born at Bruges, the son of Carlo Gigli, a member of the Lucchese merchant community there, and his wife, Camilla Cagnoli. His father had had links with England since 1451, and was resident in ...

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Gigli, Silvestro (1463–1521), diplomat and bishop of Worcester, was born in Lucca in 1463, perhaps on 1 January, to Ser Nicolao Gigli (c.1410–1489) and his wife, Francesca (b. c.1433, d. after 1489), daughter of Giusfredo Rapondi. His patrician family exerted significant political power in ...

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Gray, William (c. 1388–1436), diplomat and bishop of Lincoln, obtained letters dimissory for the priesthood in 1414, and was therefore probably born about 1388 or shortly thereafter. The papal registers describe him as 'by both parents of a noble race of earls and barons' (...

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Hawkins, Nicholas (c. 1495–1534), Catholic ecclesiastic and diplomat, was born at Putney, the nephew and godson of Nicholas West, bishop of Ely. He was educated at Eton College, where he was a king's scholar, and was admitted to King's College, Cambridge, in 1514. He graduated BA in 1519 and, apparently, proceeded MA in 1522. There is no record of his receiving a degree in law but he is said to have devoted himself to the study of civil and canon law, and was admitted as an advocate in 1528....