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Acherley, Roger (bap. 1662?, d. 1740), political writer and lawyer, was the son of John Acherley of Stanwardine, in the parish of Baschurch, Shropshire; he may have been Roger Atcherley, son of John and Mary Atcherley, who was baptized at Baschurch on 23 December 1662. He entered the ...

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W. P. Courtney

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Allen, John (1771–1843), political and historical writer, was born at Redford, in the parish of Colinton, near Edinburgh, on 3 February 1771. His father, James Allen, a writer to the signet and the owner of the small estate of Redford, became bankrupt, but after his death the son, through the aid of his mother's family and the liberality of her second husband, was educated privately. He was apprenticed to an ...

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Amhurst, Nicholas (1697–1742), satirist and political writer, was born on 16 October 1697 at Marden, Kent, the first son of Edward Amhurst (bap. 1665, d. 1713), grazier, and grandson of George Amhurst, rector of Marden. His mother, Martha, née Simmonds (1664–1699), died before he was two years old. He was educated at ...

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Arnall, William [pseud. Francis Walsingham] (d. 1736), political writer, is of unknown parentage and upbringing. He trained as a lawyer before, in 1728, he took up writing for the government at Sir Robert Walpole's personal request, having 'vouchsafed' the prime minister's protection before '[his] twentieth year' (...

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Ashworth, Edmund (1800–1881), cotton manufacturer and free-trade activist, was born on 17 November 1800 at Birtenshaw, Turton, near Bolton, the fifth of the eleven children of John Ashworth (1772–1855), farmer, land agent, and cotton spinner, and his wife, Isabel Thomasson (1772–1852). Edmund was a younger brother of ...

Article

Leslie Stephen

revised by Philip Carter

Baron, Richard (d. 1768), literary editor and political writer, was born at Leeds, and educated at Glasgow University between October 1737 and May 1740. He left with a testimonial signed by Francis Hutcheson and Robert Simpson. Baron became a friend of Thomas Gordon...

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Baxter, Robert Dudley (1827–1875), political writer and statistician, was born on 3 February 1827 at Doncaster, the son of Robert Baxter, of Stoke Golding, Leicestershire, and of the firm of Baxter & Co., parliamentary lawyers, of Westminster. He was a collateral descendant of ...

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Belsham, William (1752–1827), political writer and historian, was born in Bedford, the fourth son of the Revd James Belsham (d. 1770), dissenting minister, and Ann(e) Woodward (d. 1780), daughter of Thomas Woodward, a Bedford brewer. His eldest brother, Thomas Belsham, later became a prominent Unitarian minister. Keenly interested in politics, ...

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Berkeley, Humphry John (1926–1994), politician and writer, was born on 21 February 1926 at Berkeley House, Marlow, Buckingham, the son of Reginald Cheyne Berkeley (1890–1935), barrister, author, playwright, and politician, and (Clara) Hildegarde Gertrude Digby, née Easman (1902–1982). His father was Liberal MP for ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Philip Carter

Berkeley, Robert (1713–1804), political writer, was the son of Thomas Berkeley of Spetchley Park, Worcestershire, and Mary Davis, of Clytha, Monmouthshire. He was the author of Considerations on the Oath of Supremacy and Considerations on the Declaration Against Transubstantiation, both addressed to Josiah Tucker...

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Eric Arthur Blair [George Orwell] (1903–1950) by Felix H. Man, c. 1947 © Estate of Felix H. Man / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Blair, Eric Arthur [pseud. George Orwell] (1903–1950), political writer and essayist, was born in Motihari, Bengal, India, on 25 June 1903, the only son of Richard Walmesley Blair (1857–1938), a sub-deputy opium agent in the government of Bengal, and his wife, Ida Mabel Limouzin (1875–1943)...

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Blake, Sir Francis, second baronet (1736/7–1818), political writer, was the eldest surviving son of Sir Francis Blake, first baronet (1707/8–1780), of Twisell Castle, Norham, co. Durham, mathematician, and his wife, Isabel (c.1710–1741), second daughter and coheir of Samuel Ayton of West Herrington, co. Durham...

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(Jean Joseph) Louis Blanc (1811–1882) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Blanc, (Jean Joseph) Louis (1811–1882), political thinker and exile, was born on 29 October 1811 in Madrid, where his father, Jean Charles Blanc, was a financial official in the Bonapartist government of Spain. His mother, Estella Pozzo di Borgo, was Corsican. Owing to his father's financial and psychological difficulties he was mostly brought up by his maternal grandmother in ...

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Brand, John [Fitzjohn] (1743–1808), Church of England clergyman and political writer, was born on 6 November 1743 in Norwich, the son of John Brand, a tanner, and his wife, Hannah. His sisters, Mary and Hannah Brand, ran a well-regarded seminary for French education at ...

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George C. McElroy and Elizabeth R. Lambert

Burke, Richard (1733–1794), political writer and lawyer, was born in Dublin on 18 December 1733, the sixth of the eleven children of Richard Burke (d. 1761), attorney, and his wife, Mary, née Nagle (c.1702–1770), daughter of Garrett Nagle. Both his parents were Irish. Among his elder brothers was the politician and writer ...

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William Burke (1728x3030–1798) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, c. 1778 © reserved

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Burke, William (1728x30–1798), political writer and administrator in India, was the eldest son of John Burke (d. 1764), attorney, of St Marylebone, London, and Plaistow, Essex, and his first wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Burke, a London vintner. He entered Westminster School...

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Bush, Rice (c. 1610–1649), pamphleteer on poor relief, came to prominence in the public debates about new institutions for social welfare which took place in London at the end of the civil war. Little is known about his early life. The son of ...