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Berkeley, Humphry John (1926–1994), politician and writer, was born on 21 February 1926 at Berkeley House, Marlow, Buckingham, the son of Reginald Cheyne Berkeley (1890–1935), barrister, author, playwright, and politician, and (Clara) Hildegarde Gertrude Digby, née Easman (1902–1982). His father was Liberal MP for ...

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Francis, Sir Philip (1740–1818), politician and political writer, was born in Dublin on 22 October 1740, the only son of the Revd Philip Francis (1708–1773), translator and writer, and Elizabeth Rowe (c.1710–c.1741). His paternal grandfather, John Francis (d...

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Sir Philip Francis (1740–1818) by Thomas Goff Lupton, pubd 1817 (after James Lonsdale, 1806–10) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gilmour, Ian Hedworth John Little, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar (1926–2007), politician and author, was born Ian Hedworth Gilmour on 8 July 1926 at 16 Devonshire Terrace, London, the only son (there was an older daughter) of Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John Little Gilmour, second baronet...

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Ian Hedworth John Little Gilmour, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar (1926–2007) by unknown phootgrapher, 1974 © Photoshot

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Hankey, Thomson (1805–1893), politician and political economist, born at Dalston, Middlesex, on 5 June 1805, was the eldest son of the eight children of Thomson Hankey (bap. 1773, d. 1857) and his wife, Martha, daughter of Benjamin Harrison. He was descended from ...

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Jane, Joseph (d. 1658), politician and controversialist, was born in Liskeard, Cornwall, to an influential Cornish family (the family coat of arms was argent, a lion rampant azure between three escallops gules). The identity of his mother is unknown. His father, Thomas Jane...

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Macartney, (William John) Allan (1941–1998), political scientist and politician, was born on 17 February 1941 at the Scottish mission house, Christiansborg, Accra, Gold Coast, the second of three children of the Revd William Macleod Macartney (1912–1999), minister of religion of the Church of Scotland...

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Sir James Mackintosh of Kyllachy (1765–1832) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, exh. RA 1804 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mackintosh, Sir James, of Kyllachy (1765–1832), political writer and politician, was born on 24 October 1765 at Aldourie on the banks of Loch Ness, 7 miles from Inverness, the eldest of the three children of John Mackintosh (d. 1788), army officer, and ...

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Mackintosh, John Pitcairn (1929–1978), political scientist and politician, was born in Simla, India, on 24 August 1929, the elder of two brothers. He spent his first eleven years in British India where his mother, Mary Victoria Pitcairn, taught at a teacher training college. Her husband, ...

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James Maitland, eighth earl of Lauderdale (1759–1839) by Thomas Phillips, 1806 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Maitland, James, eighth earl of Lauderdale (1759–1839), politician and political economist, was born on 26 January 1759 at Hatton House, Ratho, Edinburghshire. He was the eldest surviving son of the six sons and six daughters of James Maitland, seventh earl of Lauderdale (1718–1789)...

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Middleton [née Cox], Lucy Annie (1894–1983), socialist propagandist and politician, was born at Albert Road, Keynsham, Somerset, on 9 May 1894, the third of four children of Sidney John Cox (1864–1949), a wire drawer, and his wife, Ada, née Britten, both of whom were of rural working-class origins. ...

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Robert Molesworth, first Viscount Molesworth (1656–1725) by Peter Pelham, 1721 (after Thomas Gibson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Molesworth, Robert, first Viscount Molesworth (1656–1725), politician and political writer, was born in Fishamble Street, Dublin, on 7 September 1656, the only child of Robert Molesworth (d. 1656), merchant, and his wife, Judith (d. in or after 1662), daughter of John Bysse...

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Musgrave, Sir Richard, first baronet (c. 1755–1818), political writer and politician, was the eldest son of Christopher Musgrave of Tourin, co. Waterford, and Susannah, daughter of James Usher of Ballintaylor in the same county. Musgrave's father was a man of very strong protestant ascendancy convictions who married into the ...

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Neville, Henry (1620–1694), politician and political writer, was the second son of Sir Henry Neville (d. 1629) of Billingbear, near Windsor, Berkshire, and Elizabeth (1595–1669), daughter of Sir John Smythe of Westenhanger, Kent; his grandfather was Sir Henry Neville (1561/2–1615). By 1633 he was already married to ...

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Percy, Alan Ian, eighth duke of Northumberland (1880–1930), politician and propagandist, was born on 17 April 1880 in London, the seventh of the thirteen children and fourth of the seven sons of Henry George Percy, Earl Percy (1846–1918), from 1899 seventh duke of Northumberland...

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Rogers, James Edwin Thorold (1823–1890), political economist and politician, was born in June or July 1823 at West Meon, Hampshire, the eleventh son of George Vining Rogers, a surgeon, and his wife, Mary Anne Blyth. Joseph Rogers, the poor-law medical officer, was his elder brother. He was educated at ...