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Drucker, Henry Matthew (1942–2002), political scientist and fund-raiser, was born on 29 April 1942 in Paterson, New Jersey, USA, the elder son of Arthur Drucker (1912–1980) and his wife, Frances (1915–2001), New Deal Democrat parents. He was at school in Rutherford where his father was the proprietor of a local department store. At ...

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Finer, Samuel Edward (1915–1993), political scientist, was born at 17 Chapel Street, Clerkenwell, London, on 22 September 1915, the sixth and youngest child of Max Finer (1866/7–1945) and his wife, Fanny Weiner (1872/3–1945), immigrants from Romania who earned a living first as market traders and, by the time of ...

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Fry [formerly Freund], Richard Henry (1900–2002), financial and political journalist, was born Richard Freund on 23 September 1900 in Berlin, the son of Rudolf Freund, a brewer and general merchant, and his wife, Betty. Both parents were from Bohemia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian empire. He had one brother. Although his father ran a brewery in ...

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Goldsmith, Lewis (1763/4?–1846), journalist and political writer, was probably born in Richmond, Surrey, according to most biographical accounts in 1763 or 1764. However, Goldsmith's self-serving claims that he was only twenty-seven in 1802–3 (Goldsmith, xix) would place the event between 1774 and 1776. Although he was of Portuguese Jewish descent, his mother's maiden name was apparently ...

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Jacobson, Sydney, Baron Jacobson (1908–1988), newspaper editor and political commentator, was born on 26 October 1908 in Zeerost, Transvaal, the only son and elder child of Samuel and Anna Jacobson, a Jewish couple who had emigrated from Germany and were running an unsuccessful ostrich farm. In the summer of 1914 the family returned to ...

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Judt, Tony Robert (1948–2010), historian and political commentator, was born on 2 January 1948 at 153 Lower Clapton Road, Hackney, London, the elder child of Isaac Joseph Judt, whose various occupations included hairdresser and sundriesman, and his wife, Stella Sophie, née Dudakoff. He had one sister, ...

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Tony Robert Judt (1948–2010) by John R. Rifkin, 2004 © John R. Rifkin

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Kedourie, Elie [formerly Eliahou Abdallah Khedhouri] (1926–1992), historian and political scientist, was born in Baghdad on 25 January 1926, the son of Abdallah Eliahou Khedhouri (d. 1964), an employee of the Iraq currency board, and his wife, Loulou Moshi, née Dangour (...

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Elie Kedourie (1926–1992) by unknown photographer © reserved; private collection

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Levi, Leone (1821–1888), jurist, political economist, and statistician, was born on 6 June 1821 in Ancona, later part of the kingdom of Italy. He came from a middle-class Jewish family. His father, Isaac, and his elder brother were both merchants. Leone received a practical, commercial education and began working for his brother at the age of fifteen. He travelled to ...

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Leone Levi (1821–1888) by Elliott & Fry, 1873 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mitrany, David (1888–1975), political scientist, was born on 1 January 1888 in Bucharest, the son of Moscu and Jeannette Mitrany. He left Romania in 1908 in search of further education, for in that country opportunities in higher education and in the professions were limited for Jews. He spent three years in ...

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Ostrogorski, Moisei Yakovlevich (1854–1919), political analyst, was born in Semicatrez, in the district of Bielsk, Grodno, in Belorussia, on 3 March 1854, the eldest of the three children of Yakolev Ostrogorski, who belonged to a landowning family of Jewish origin. He studied law at the ...

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Ricardo, David (1772–1823), political economist, was born on 18 April 1772 at 36 Broad Street Buildings in the City of London, the third surviving child of Abraham Israel Ricardo (1733?–1812) and his wife, Abigail Delvalle (1753–1801). Sarah Ricardo Porter was his sister. The ...

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David Ricardo (1772–1823) by Thomas Phillips, exh. RA 1821 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Shonfield, Sir Andrew Akiba (1917–1981), political economist, was born on 10 August 1917 at Tadworth, Surrey, the fourth of six sons and the fifth of the seven children of Rabbi Victor Schonfeld, of north London, and his wife, Rachel Lea, daughter of Josef Sternberg...

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Winchevsky, Morris [formerly Lippe Benzion Novochovitz] (1856–1932), socialist and Yiddish writer, was born as Lippe Benzion Novochovitz to a pious Jewish family in Yanova, Lithuania, in the Russian empire on 9 August 1856. He and two younger sisters were the surviving children of ...