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Allen, Ethan (1738–1789), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 10 January 1738 in Litchfield, Connecticut, the eldest of the seven children of Joseph Allen (1708–1755) and Mary Baker (1708–1774), farmers. The Allen family lived in what was then a frontier region of ...

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Brennan, Michael [Mícheál] (1896–1986), Irish revolutionary and general, was born on 2 February 1896 at Gortgarraun, near Meelick, co. Clare, the youngest of three rebel sons of Patrick Brennan, a tenant farmer (1865–1901), and Mary (1862/3–1939), daughter of Michael Clancy from Rathurd, co. Limerick...

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Byrne, Miles (1780–1862), Irish revolutionary and officer in the French army, was born on 20 March 1780 at Monaseed on the borders between co. Wexford and co. Wicklow, the son of Patrick Byrne (d. 1796), a farmer, and Mary Graham. His family were Catholic petty gentry in a region that was marked by sectarian tensions. ...

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H. M. Stephens

revised by Gerard McCoy

Corbet, William (1779–1842), revolutionary and soldier, was born at Ballythomas, co. Cork, on 17 August 1779, one of eight children in a protestant family. He was well educated by his father, who was a classical scholar and schoolmaster. He and his brother Thomas...

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Edward Marcus Despard (1751–1803) by John Chapman, pubd 1804 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Despard, Edward Marcus (1751–1803), army officer and revolutionary, was born into a military family in Queen's county, Ireland, on 6 March 1751; the youngest of six sons of William Despard and his wife, Jane. John Despard (1743/4–1829) was his brother. He joined the army as an ensign in 1766 and was promoted lieutenant in 1772, while stationed in ...

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Irvine, William (1741–1804), army officer and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 3 November 1741 near Enniskillen, co. Fermanagh; details of his parents, who originally came from Scotland, are unknown. He was educated at Enniskillen grammar school and may have studied medicine at ...

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Henry Knox (1750–1806) by Gilbert Stuart, c. 1805 Copyright 2004 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Deposited by the City of Boston

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Knox, Henry (1750–1806), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 25 July 1750 at Sea Street, Boston, Massachusetts, the seventh of ten sons of William Knox (1712–1762), shipmaster and wharf owner, and his wife, Mary Campbell (d. 1771), daughter of ...

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Benjamin Lincoln (1733–1810) by Henry Sargent, 1806 courtesy of the Massachusetts Historical Society

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Lincoln, Benjamin (1733–1810), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 29 January 1733 in Hingham, Massachusetts, the sixth of eight children of Colonel Benjamin Lincoln (1699–1771), farmer and maltster, and his wife, Elizabeth Thaxter, a widow. Although his father was moderately wealthy and a member of the governor's council, ...

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MacBride, John (1868–1916), Irish revolutionary and officer in the Irish brigade of the Boer army, was born on 7 May 1868 in The Quay, Westport, co. Mayo, Ireland, the youngest of five sons of Patrick MacBride, a shopkeeper and importer, and his wife, ...

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Martin, Alexander (1739/40–1807), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born at Lebanon, Hunterdon county, New Jersey, the eldest son of Hugh Martin (b. c.1700) and Jane, née Hunter (c.1720–1807). Martin's father was originally from co. Tyrone and his mother from ...

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Matlack, Timothy (1736?–1829), revolutionary politician and army officer in America, was born in Haddonfield, New Jersey, most likely on 28 May 1736, though three other dates appear in biographical sources. He was the seventh child and eldest son of his father's eleven children. His parents were ...

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McDougall, Alexander (1732–1786), army officer and revolutionary politician in America, was born in July or August 1732 in Kildalton, Islay, Scotland, the son of Ronald McDougall, a farmer and dairyman, and his wife, Elizabeth. His Presbyterian parents were part of the highland Scottish and northern Irish migration to the American ‘back country’ of the mid-eighteenth century, prepared to brave a war-ridden frontier rather than continuing to endure conditions in their homeland. ...

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Thomas Mifflin (1744–1800) by John Singleton Copley, 1773 [with his wife, Sarah Morris] Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia / Bridgeman Art Library

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Mifflin, Thomas (1744–1800), revolutionary army officer and politician in the United States of America, was born on 10 January 1744 in Philadelphia, the eldest son of John Mifflin, wealthy merchant and later Pennsylvania provincial councillor, and his wife, Elizabeth Bagnell. His father's progenitors were Quakers from ...

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Moultrie, William (1730–1805), revolutionary army officer and politician in the United States of America, was born on 23 November 1730 in Charles Town, South Carolina, the son of Dr John Moultrie (1702–1771), physician, and Lucretia Cooper (1704–1747). On 10 December 1747 William married ...

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Randolph, Edmund (1753–1813), revolutionary army officer and politician in the United States of America, was born on 10 August 1753 in Williamsburg, Virginia, the son of John Randolph (d. 1784), lawyer, and Arianna Vanderheyden Jennings (d. 1782). By all odds Edmund...

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Rodney, Caesar (1728–1784), revolutionary politician and army officer in America, was born on 7 October 1728 on a farm near Dover, in Kent county, Delaware. He was the eldest of eight children of Caesar Rodeney (1707–1745), a well-to-do planter, and his wife, Elizabeth (1709–1763)...