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Gill, Kenneth [Ken] (1927–2009), trade unionist and communist, was born on 30 August 1927 at 19 Leaze Road, Melksham, Wiltshire, the youngest of four children of Ernest Frank Gill (1892–1979), an ironmonger's shop assistant, and his wife, Mary Ethel, née Trueman (1891–1950). He grew up in some poverty in a council house, a home with no books, and with his mother taking in washing to supplement the family's income. He left ...

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Arthur Lewis Horner (1894–1968) by Bassano © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Horner, Arthur Lewis (1894–1968), trade unionist and communist, was born at Merthyr Tudful, Glamorgan, on 5 April 1894, the eldest son in a family of seventeen children, eleven of whom died at birth or in early childhood. His father, James Horner, was a railwayman from ...

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Maker: unknown photographer

Thomas Mann (1856–1941) by unknown photographer, c. 1880 Getty Images

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Mann, Thomas [Tom] (1856–1941), trade unionist, socialist, and communist, was born at Bell Green, Foleshill, Coventry, on 15 April 1856, the third surviving child and second son of Thomas Mann, a bookkeeper at the Victoria colliery, and his wife, Mary Anne, née Grant (1821–1858)...

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Paynter, Thomas William [Will] (1903–1984), trade unionist and communist, was born at Whitchurch, near Cardiff, Glamorgan, on 6 December 1903, the second of three children and younger of two sons of Daniel James Paynter, coalminer, and his wife, Florence Ethel. His father originated from the Welsh borders and his mother's family were from ...

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Sinclair, Elizabeth Margaret [Betty] (1910–1981), trade unionist and communist, was born on 3 December 1910 into a protestant working-class family at 44 Hooker Street in the Ardoyne district of north Belfast. Her father, Joseph Sinclair, a sawyer, worked in the Harland and Wolff...