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Blease, (Walter) Lyon (1884–1963), barrister and civic activist, was born on 30 May 1884 at 5 Beech Street, Fairfield, Liverpool, the second son and second of three children of Walter Blease (c.1853–1940), chartered accountant, and his wife, Mary Cecilia (d...

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Cooper, William (1822–1868), promoter of the co-operative movement, was born in Rochdale, the son of James Cooper, a weaver, and his wife, Susan (née Taylor); he was probably the eldest of six children. Cooper had little formal education, but was drawn to discussion of political and economic issues. Influenced by the work of ...

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See Rochdale Pioneers

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Margaret Doreen Duff (1910–1981) by Chris Ware, 1961 Getty Images

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Duff [née Eames], Margaret Doreen [Peggy] (1910–1981), political activist, was born at 51 Wolseley Gardens, Chiswick, Middlesex, on 8 February 1910, the elder daughter and middle child of Frank Eames, stockbrokers' clerk, organist, and later secretary of the Incorporated Society of Musicians...

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Fraser [née Jupp], Rhoda Mary Napier [pseud. Crae Ritchie] (1918–1970), communist and peace campaigner, was born on 23 February 1918 in Edinburgh, the second of three children of George Jupp, clerk to the board of works, and his wife, Ethel Ritchie...

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George Jacob Holyoake (1817–1906) by Walter Sickert, exh. New English Art Club 1892 © Estate of Walter Sickert / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Holyoake, George Jacob (1817–1906), freethinker and co-operator, was born at 1 Inge Street, Birmingham, on 13 April 1817, the second of thirteen children and eldest son of George Holyoake (1790–1853), a printer, and Catherine Groves (1792–1867), a horn-button maker. He received a basic education at a dame-school and ...

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Marcroft, William (1822–1894), co-operative movement activist and company promoter, was born on 15 July 1822 at Box Cottage, Fog Lane, Middleton, Lancashire, the illegitimate son of Sally Marcroft (1801–1841), a farm servant, and Richard Howarth, a weaver. Shortly after his birth he and his mother moved to ...

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Maker: unknown photographer

Hilda Murrell (1906–1984) by unknown photographer, c. 1980 © reserved; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Murrell, Hilda (1906–1984), environmentalist and peace campaigner, was born on 3 February 1906 at Shrewsbury, the elder daughter of Owen Charles Murrell, nurseryman, and his wife, Lily Maria Lowe. She was educated at Shrewsbury High School for Girls (1918–23), winning a scholarship to ...

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Plowman, Mark [Max] (1883–1941), pacifist and writer, was born on 1 September 1883 at Northumberland Park, Tottenham, the fourth son of Mark Plowman (d. 1929), brickworks owner, and his wife, Anna Maria, née Hunt. He was educated at 'various inferior private schools...

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Sir Joseph Rotblat (1908–2005) by Dominick Tyler, 1995 © Dominick Tyler

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Rotblat, Sir Joseph (1908–2005), scientist and peace activist, was born Jósef Rotblat on 4 November 1908 in Warsaw, the eldest of five surviving children (two others died in infancy) of Zygmunt, otherwise Zelman, Rotblat, the owner of a haulage company specializing in the paper trade, and his wife, ...

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Skeffington, Francis Sheehy- (1878–1916), women's rights activist and pacifist, was born on 23 December 1878 in Bailieborough, co. Cavan, and christened Francis Joseph Christopher Skeffington, the only child of Joseph Bartholomew (J. B.) Skeffington (1847–1919), scholar and teacher, and his wife, Rose Magorian (1829–1909)...

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Wheeldon [née Marshall], Alice Ann (1866–1919), revolutionary socialist and anti-war campaigner, was born on 27 January 1866 at 5 Russell Street, Derby, the daughter of William Marshall, an engine tenter, and his wife, Ann, née Elliott. On 14 August 1886 she married ...