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Alexander, Albert Victor, Earl Alexander of Hillsborough (1885–1965), politician and co-operator, was born at 59 George Street, Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, on 1 May 1885, the son of Albert Alexander (d. 1886), a blacksmith, and his wife, Eliza Jane, née Thatcher. On his father's death his mother moved back to her parents' house in ...

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Albert Victor Alexander, Earl Alexander of Hillsborough (1885–1965) by Howard Coster, 1942 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bailey, Sir John [Jack] (1898–1969), politician and co-operative movement activist, was born on 1 January 1898 in Miskin, Mountain Ash, Glamorgan, one of six children of John Bailey, miner, and his wife, Sarah Ann. Bailey attended Gwyn Ivor School, Miskin, until he was twelve. Working initially in a cobbler's shop, he entered the mines as a collier's boy. An accident in 1915 forced him to take a surface job, and in 1917 he enlisted in the ...

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(Archibald) Fenner Brockway, Baron Brockway (1888–1988) by Bassano, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brockway, (Archibald) Fenner, Baron Brockway (1888–1988), politician and campaigner, was born on 1 November 1888 in Calcutta, the only son and eldest of three children of the Revd William George Brockway, London Missionary Society missionary, and his wife, Frances Elizabeth, daughter of William Abbey...

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Cohen, Sir Benjamin Louis, first baronet (1844–1909), politician and Jewish communal leader, was born on 18 November 1844 at South Street, Finsbury, London, the eighth of nine surviving children of Louis Cohen (1799–1882), founder of the City firm of Louis Cohen & Sons...

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Ganley [née Blumfield], Caroline Selina (1879–1966), co-operative movement activist and politician, was born on 16 September 1879 at 33 Admiralty Street, East Stonehouse, Plymouth, the daughter of James Blumfield and his wife, Selina Mary (née Norgrove). Her father was a bombardier at the time of her birth, and later a tailor. She attended ...

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Jurdain, Ignatius (bap. 1561, d. 1640), politician and civic reformer, was baptized on 17 August 1561 at St Michael's Church, Lyme Regis, one of the eight children of William Jurdain of Lyme; his mother's name is unknown. In his youth Jurdain was sent to ...

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Peddie, James Mortimer [Jim], Baron Peddie (1905–1978), co-operative movement activist and politician, was born on 4 April 1905 in Hull, one of the six sons of Crofton Peddie, a colour-works labourer, and his wife, Ethel, née Whisker. He was educated at St Paul's Church of England School...

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Slater [née Evans], Harriet (1903–1976), co-operative movement activist and politician, was born on 3 July 1903 at 90 Bond Street, Tunstall, Staffordshire, the daughter of John Edward Evans, a potter's placer, and his wife, Margaret Ball.

Harriet Evans was educated at Chell...

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Vivian, Henry Harvey (1868–1930), promoter of co-partnership and politician, was born on 20 April 1868 at Moor Cross, Cornwood, Devon, the son of William Henry Vivian, a carpenter on Lord Blatchford's estate, and his wife, Mary Ann Norris. He was educated at Cornwood national school...

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Williams, Thomas Edward, Baron Williams (1892–1966), Co-operative Society administrator and politician, was born on 26 July 1892 at 62 Ynys-hir Road, Ynys-hir, in the Rhondda valley, Glamorgan, the son of William Williams, a colliery timberman at Wattstown collieries, and his wife, Mary Davies...