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Allen, Ethan (1738–1789), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 10 January 1738 in Litchfield, Connecticut, the eldest of the seven children of Joseph Allen (1708–1755) and Mary Baker (1708–1774), farmers. The Allen family lived in what was then a frontier region of ...

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Brattle, William (1706–1776), colonial politician and army officer in America, was born on 18 April 1706 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the only surviving son of Congregational minister William Brattle (1662–1717) [see under Brattle, Thomas], of that town, and Elizabeth Hayman (1676–1715). His parents were both natives of ...

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Evans, John (c. 1678–c. 1743), army officer and politician in America, was the son of Thomas, a Welsh sailor and old friend of William Penn, proprietor of Pennsylvania. Penn described Evans as having 'more of the rake in his character than of anything else' (...

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Gooch, Sir William, first baronet (1681–1751), army officer and politician in America, was born on 21 October 1681 in Yarmouth, the son of Thomas Gooch (d. 1688), alderman of Yarmouth, and Frances (d. 1696), daughter of Thomas Lone of Worlington, Suffolk...

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Sir William Gooch, first baronet (1681–1751) by unknown artist, c. 1725 photograph by courtesy Sotheby's Picture Library, London

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Howe, Robert (1732–1786), politician and revolutionary army officer in America, was born on the rice plantation belonging to his father, Job Howe (d. 1748), in New Hanover county, North Carolina, beside the Cape Fear River. His family was a branch of the distinguished ...

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Henry Knox (1750–1806) by Gilbert Stuart, c. 1805 Copyright 2004 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Deposited by the City of Boston

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Knox, Henry (1750–1806), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 25 July 1750 at Sea Street, Boston, Massachusetts, the seventh of ten sons of William Knox (1712–1762), shipmaster and wharf owner, and his wife, Mary Campbell (d. 1771), daughter of ...

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Lancey, Oliver De (c. 1749–1822), army officer and politician in America, was born in New York, the son of General Oliver De Lancey (1718–1785), an army officer who fought against the revolutionaries during the American War of Independence, and Phila Franks, daughter of ...

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Benjamin Lincoln (1733–1810) by Henry Sargent, 1806 courtesy of the Massachusetts Historical Society

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Lincoln, Benjamin (1733–1810), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 29 January 1733 in Hingham, Massachusetts, the sixth of eight children of Colonel Benjamin Lincoln (1699–1771), farmer and maltster, and his wife, Elizabeth Thaxter, a widow. Although his father was moderately wealthy and a member of the governor's council, ...

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Martin, Alexander (1739/40–1807), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born at Lebanon, Hunterdon county, New Jersey, the eldest son of Hugh Martin (b. c.1700) and Jane, née Hunter (c.1720–1807). Martin's father was originally from co. Tyrone and his mother from ...

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Matlack, Timothy (1736?–1829), revolutionary politician and army officer in America, was born in Haddonfield, New Jersey, most likely on 28 May 1736, though three other dates appear in biographical sources. He was the seventh child and eldest son of his father's eleven children. His parents were ...

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McDougall, Alexander (1732–1786), army officer and revolutionary politician in America, was born in July or August 1732 in Kildalton, Islay, Scotland, the son of Ronald McDougall, a farmer and dairyman, and his wife, Elizabeth. His Presbyterian parents were part of the highland Scottish and northern Irish migration to the American ‘back country’ of the mid-eighteenth century, prepared to brave a war-ridden frontier rather than continuing to endure conditions in their homeland. ...

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Thomas Mifflin (1744–1800) by John Singleton Copley, 1773 [with his wife, Sarah Morris] Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia / Bridgeman Art Library

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Mifflin, Thomas (1744–1800), revolutionary army officer and politician in the United States of America, was born on 10 January 1744 in Philadelphia, the eldest son of John Mifflin, wealthy merchant and later Pennsylvania provincial councillor, and his wife, Elizabeth Bagnell. His father's progenitors were Quakers from ...

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Moore, James, junior (1675x80–1724), army officer and politician in America, was born in South Carolina, the son of James Moore (c.1650–1706), governor of South Carolina, and his wife, Margaret Berringer. He began his political career as a soldier instead of a politician. He served in the ...

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Moultrie, William (1730–1805), revolutionary army officer and politician in the United States of America, was born on 23 November 1730 in Charles Town, South Carolina, the son of Dr John Moultrie (1702–1771), physician, and Lucretia Cooper (1704–1747). On 10 December 1747 William married ...

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Bernardo O'Higgins (1778–1842) by C. Turner, pubd 1829 (after unknown artist) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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O'Higgins, Bernardo (1778–1842), army officer and supreme director of Chile, was born Bernardo Riquelme at Chillán, Chile, on 20 August 1778, the illegitimate son of María Isabel Riquelme de la Barrera y Meza (c.1758–1839), the teenage daughter of a landowner, and ...