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Abadam, Alice (1856–1940), suffrage activist and women’s right’s campaigner, was born in St John’s Wood, London, on 2 January 1856 (census returns 1891, 1939 Register). Her birth was not registered and she was not baptised. She was the youngest of seven children (four daughters and two sons) of ...

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Baines [née Hunt], Sarah Jane [Jennie] (1866–1951), suffragette and social reformer, was born on 30 November 1866 in Birmingham, the daughter of James Edward Hunt, gun maker, and his wife, Sarah Ann, née Hunt. She started work in a Birmingham small arms factory aged eleven and at fourteen was assisting her parents in ...

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Collet Dobson Collet (1812–1898) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Collet, Collet Dobson (1812–1898), radical and tax reformer, was born on 31 December 1812 in London. He was the eldest son of John Dobson (1778–1827), a London merchant, and his wife (and first cousin), Elizabeth Barker (1787–1875). Collet assumed the name of his maternal grandparents, as did his sister, ...

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Cook [née Graves], Cecily Mary (1889/90–1962), trade unionist and suffrage campaigner, daughter of Alfred Graves, was probably born in London, but little else is known about her early life. She married Herbert G. N. Cook, a secretary, on 6 November 1909. The couple's only child, a son, died at about the age of nineteen. Following ...

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(Sarah) Emily Davies (1830–1921) by Rudolph Lehmann, 1880 The Mistress and Fellows, Girton College, Cambridge

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Davies, (Sarah) Emily (1830–1921), suffragist and promoter of higher education for women, was born on 22 April 1830 in Southampton, the fourth child and second daughter of John Davies DD (1795–1861) and his wife, Mary Hopkinson (d. 1886), the daughter of a businessman from ...

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Haverfield [née Scarlett], Evelina (1867–1920), suffragette and aid worker, was born at Inverlochy Castle, Kingussie, on 9 August 1867, the third daughter of William Frederick Scarlett, third Baron Abinger (1826–1892), landowner and army officer, and his wife, Helen (c.1840–1915), daughter of ...

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Herzen, Alexander [Aleksandr Ivanovich Gertsen] (1812–1870), radical publicist, was born at what is now 25 Tverskoy bulvar, Moscow, on 25 March 1812 os (6 April 1812 ns), the illegitimate son of the rich nobleman Ivan Alekseyevich Yakovlev (1767–1846) and his young German consort, ...

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Rosalind Frances Howard, countess of Carlisle (1845–1921) by George Howard, ninth earl of Carlisle, 1868 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Howard [née Stanley], Rosalind Frances, countess of Carlisle (1845–1921), promoter of women's political rights and of temperance reform, was born on 20 February 1845, probably at Alderley, Cheshire. She was the youngest daughter of Edward John Stanley, second Baron Stanley of Alderley...

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Knightley [née Bowater], Louisa Mary, Lady Knightley (1842–1913), churchwoman and women's activist, was born on 25 April 1842 at 37 Lower Grosvenor Street, London, the only child of Major-General Sir Edward Bowater (1787–1861) and his wife, Emilia Mary, daughter of Colonel Michael Barne...

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Lucas, Margaret Bright (1818–1890), temperance activist and suffragist, was born on 14 July 1818 at Rochdale, Lancashire, the youngest daughter of Jacob Bright (1775–1851), cotton mill proprietor, and his second wife, Martha, née Wood (d. 1830). Several of her ten siblings, notably ...

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Dame Louisa Innes Lumsden (1840–1935) by Olive Edis, c. 1925 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lumsden, Dame Louisa Innes (1840–1935), promoter of women's education, headmistress, and suffragist, was born on 31 December 1840 in Aberdeen. She was the seventh and youngest child of Clements Lumsden (d. 1853), advocate and writer to the signet, and his wife, Jane (...

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Macdonald, Agnes Syme (1882–1966), suffragette and campaigner for women's citizenship, was born on 8 September 1882 at 23 Dublin Street, Edinburgh, the fifth child and only daughter of the six children of Alexander Macdonald and his wife, Euphemia Henderson. Alexander Macdonald, from Kiltarlity, Inverness...

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Marion, Kitty [real name Katherine Marie Schäfer] (1871–1944), suffragette and birth control activist, was born on 12 March 1871 at Riedtberg, Germany, the only child of an engineer. Her mother died when she was two and her stepmother when she was six, both of tuberculosis. Her childhood was spent moving between her father, '...

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Alison Roberta Noble Neilans (1884–1942) by unknown photographer, 1908 Mary Evans/The Women's Library

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Neilans, Alison Roberta Noble (1884–1942), suffragist and social reformer, was born at Ellesmere, Friern Road, East Dulwich, Surrey, on 19 June 1884, the only daughter of Robert Neilans (1843–c.1896), a commercial traveller, and his wife, Alison Ferguson, née Noble (b...

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Nichol, Elizabeth Pease [née Elizabeth Pease] (1807–1897), slavery abolitionist and radical, was born on 5 January 1807 in Darlington, the second of the two children of Joseph Pease (1772–1846), wool manufacturer, and his first wife, Elizabeth (1779–1824), daughter of John Beaumont, chemist, of ...