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Allan, Thomas (fl. 1800–1840), lawyer and political adviser to the Wesleyan Methodists, was one of the most important laymen of his generation, but his biographical details remain unknown. When in 1799–1800 parliamentary attempts were made to exclude itinerant preaching and Sunday schools from the protection of the ...

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Andrews [née Smith], Elizabeth (1882–1960), political organizer and campaigner for women's rights, was born on 15 December 1882 at 13 John Street, Penderyn, Brecknockshire, the third of the eleven children of Samuel Smith, coalminer and general dealer, and his wife, Charlotte, née...

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Elizabeth Anson, Lady Anson (1725–1760) studio of Thomas Hudson National Trust Photographic Library / John Hammond

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Anson [née Yorke], Elizabeth, Lady Anson (1725–1760), political correspondent and political manager, was born in August 1725, the sixth child and eldest daughter of Philip Yorke, subsequently first Baron and first earl of Hardwicke (1690–1764), lord chancellor, and his wife, Margaret Lygon (...

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Balfour, Honor Catherine Mary (1912–2001), politician and journalist, was born on 4 August 1912 at 70 Pemberton Road, West Derby, Liverpool, the daughter of Robert Balfour, a foreign agent's managing clerk, and his wife, Sara Ellen, née Jenkins. Her father came from a family of Scottish seafarers and was unrelated to the political family bearing the same name. He served in the army during the First World War and was killed in ...

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Dame Sara Elizabeth Barker (1904–1973) by Brian Worth by permission of the People's History Museum

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Barker, Dame Sara Elizabeth (1904–1973), political agent, was born on 15 February 1904 in Siddall, near Halifax, Yorkshire, the daughter of George Barker, grocer, and his wife, Ethel Brier.

Sara Barker was educated at Siddall elementary school before going on at the age of eleven to ...

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Blackburne, Sir William (1764–1839), army and political officer in India, was appointed to the Madras army as a cadet of native infantry in 1782, arrived at Madras in June 1783, and in 1784 served with the force employed under Colonel Fullarton in the campaign against the ...

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Blain, Sir Herbert Edwin (1870–1942), safety campaigner and political agent, was born at 341 Upper Parliament Street, Liverpool, on 14 May 1870, the son of Arbuthnot Harrisson Blain (1830/31–1912), a chemist and druggist, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Stalker. He attended the Liverpool Technical School...

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Bonham, Francis Robert (1785–1863), political party agent, was born in London on 6 September 1785, he and an older sister Susan being the only surviving children (two sons and a daughter having died in infancy) of Francis Warren Bonham, landowner of Ballintaggart, co. Kildare...

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Boraston, Sir John (1851–1920), political organizer, was born at 163 Hockley Hill, Birmingham, on 24 June 1851, son of John Boraston, a tea merchant from a Worcestershire family, and his wife, Elizabeth Palmer. He trained as a solicitor and took an early interest in politics. Aged only twenty-three he acted as Liberal agent for ...

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Bruce, Robert (d. 1602), political agent and spy, was 'the son of a poor gentleman and a merchant's daughter' (CSP Scot., 1597–1603, 609), and a brother of the laird of Bynnie. He acted for some time as secretary to ...

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Burnes, Sir Alexander (1805–1841), political officer in India and explorer, fourth of the five sons of James Burnes (1780–1852), provost of Montrose, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Adam Glegg, chief magistrate of Montrose, was born on 16 May 1805 in Montrose. James Burnes (1801–1862)...

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Burnet [née Kennedy], Lady Margaret (d. 1685), religious and political adviser, was the eldest daughter of John Kennedy, sixth earl of Cassillis (1601x7–1668), and his first wife, Lady Jean Hamilton (1607–1642). Known as 'the grave and solemn Earl', John Kennedy...

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Burrows, Herbert (1845–1922), socialist organizer, was born on 12 June 1845 in Redgrave, Suffolk, the son of Amos Burrows, tailor and Chartist leader, and his wife, Ann, formerly Thompson, a dressmaker. He educated himself using Cassell's shilling handbooks, and became a pupil teacher at the age of thirteen. He then became an ...

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William Carstares (1649–1715) by William Aikman, c. 1712 courtesy of the University of Edinburgh's Collections

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Carstares [Carstairs], William (1649–1715), Church of Scotland minister and political adviser, was born on 11 February 1649 at Cathcart, near Glasgow, the eldest child of John Carstairs (1623–1686), the parish minister, and his wife, Janet (1625–1685), daughter of William Mure of Glanderston.

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Chamberlain, Beatrice Mary (1862–1918), educationist and political organizer, was born at 24 Harborne Road, Edgbaston, on the fringes of Birmingham, on 25 May 1862, the eldest daughter of the imperial statesman Joseph Chamberlain (1836–1914) and his first wife, Harriet, née Kenrick (1835–1863). Her mother died a year later giving birth to ...

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Chitnis, Pratap Chidamber, Baron Chitnis (1936–2013), political organizer and charity director, was born Pertab Chidamber Chitnis on 1 May 1936 at the Welbeck Hospital, 27 Welbeck Street, St Marylebone, London, the son of Chidamber Narayan Chitnis (1904–1975), medical practitioner, and his wife, Lucia (Harabandini), ...

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Close, Sir Barry, baronet (1756–1813), army officer in the East India Company and political officer in India, was born on 3 December 1756 at Elm Park, co. Armagh, the third son in the family of four sons and five daughters of Maxwell Close (...