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John Couch Adams (1819–1892) by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, 1888 Pembroke College, Cambridge

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Adams, John Couch (1819–1892), astronomer, was born on 5 June 1819 at Lidcot, a farm near Launceston, Cornwall, the eldest of the seven children of Thomas Adams (1788–1859), a poor tenant farmer, and his wife, Tabitha Knill Grylls (1796–1866), a farmer's daughter who had received some education from her uncle ...

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Alfred Baldwin (1841–1908) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baldwin, Alfred (1841–1908), industrialist and politician, was born at Stourport, Worcestershire, on 4 June 1841, the youngest of twelve children of George Pearce Baldwin (1789–1840), a small-scale iron founder and businessman, and his second wife, Sarah Chalkley Stanley (1801–1874), the eldest daughter of the ...

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Ball, Hannah (1734–1792), follower of Wesleyan Methodism and diarist, was born on 13 March 1734, probably in Buckinghamshire. Nothing is known of her family other than that she was one of a family of twelve children and that her mother died in 1779, aged seventy-nine. At the age of nine she went to live with an uncle in ...

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Joseph Benson (1749–1821) by T. Blood (after John Jackson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Benson, Joseph (1749–1821), Wesleyan Methodist minister, was born at Melmerby, Cumberland, on 25 January 1749, the son of John Benson (d. 1769), a landowner, and his wife, Isabella Robinson (d. 1779). His father, intending him to enter the church, placed him in the care of the local Presbyterian minister, from whom he received a classical education....

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Sir William Henry Broadbent, first baronet (1835–1907) by Bassano, 1898 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Broadbent, Sir William Henry, first baronet (1835–1907), physician, was born at Lindley, near Huddersfield, Yorkshire, on 23 January 1835, the eldest surviving of the seven children of John Broadbent (1796–1880), woollen manufacturer and Wesleyan Sunday school superintendent, and his wife, Esther, née Butterworth (...

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Sir Walter Lawry Buller (1838–1906) by Ethel Mortlock, c. 1901 Collection of the Museum of New Zealand, Te Papa Tongarewa (B.041113)

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Buller, Sir Walter Lawry (1838–1906), ornithologist, was born on 9 October 1838 at Newark Wesleyan mission station in Pakanae, Hokianga region, New Zealand, the second of the ten children of James Buller (1812–1884), Wesleyan missionary, and his wife, Jane Tonkin Martin (1808–1884), both of ...

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Burton, Charles (1793–1866), Church of England clergyman and theologian, was born on 18 January 1793 at Rhodes Hall, Middleton, Lancashire, the youngest of five sons of Daniel Burton, founder of a substantial calico-printing business and a prominent Wesleyan Methodist, and his wife, Esther...

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Maker: William Ward

Adam Clarke (1762–1832) by William Ward (after John Jackson, c. 1823) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Clarke, Adam (1762–1832), Wesleyan Methodist minister and scholar, was born in Moybeg, Kilcronaghan parish, co. Londonderry. His father, an Anglican, was a village schoolmaster and farmer; his mother was a Presbyterian. His childhood consisted of a series of life-threatening mishaps. He was educated locally, fell under the influence of the Methodists in 1778, and met ...

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Cory, John (1828–1910), coal broker and philanthropist, was born on 28 March 1828 at Bideford, the eldest of five sons of Richard Cory (1799–1882), merchant, and Sarah, both of Bideford. The father was the owner and master of a small vessel in the coastal trade, and his decision in the 1830s to open a store as ship's chandler and provision merchant in ...

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Crawfoot [Crowfoot, Crawford], James (1758?–1839), leader of the Magic Methodists, was born at Clotton, Cheshire, the second of two sons of Thomas Crowfoot and his wife, Ann, and was baptized in June or July 1759. He lived in Tarvin parish, Cheshire, except from about 1800 to about 1814, when he moved to ...

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Creighton, James (1739–1819), Wesleyan Methodist minister, was born on 5 February 1739 at Moyne Hall, co. Cavan, Ireland, of Scottish-Irish descent. His parents, though dissenters, attended the Church of Ireland, and his mother gave him a pious upbringing. Educated at Cavan grammar school...

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Dallinger, William Henry (1842–1909), Wesleyan Methodist minister and biologist, was born in Devonport on 5 July 1842, the son of Joseph Stephen Dallinger, artist, etcher, and engraver. He was educated privately and showed an early inclination towards natural history. His religious instinct led him to qualify for the Wesleyan ministry in 1861. After serving Wesleyan churches in ...

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Dudeney, Henry Ernest (1857–1930), compiler of mathematical puzzles, was born in Mayfield, Sussex, on 10 April 1857, the third child and second son in the family of three sons and seven daughters of Gilbert Dudeney (1825–1877), a schoolmaster in a Methodist school at ...

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William Etty (1787–1849) self-portrait, 1825 © Manchester City Art Galleries