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Addenbrooke, John (bap. 1681, d. 1719), physician and benefactor, was born at Kingswinford in Staffordshire, and baptized on 13 June 1681 at the parish church in West Bromwich, the only son of Samuel Addenbrooke, vicar of West Bromwich, and Matilda Porry of Wolverhampton...

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Aldis, Charles James Berridge (1808–1872), physician and public health reformer, and the eldest son of Sir Charles Aldis (1776–1863), surgeon, was born in London on 16 January 1808. He was educated at St Paul's School and matriculated from Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1828; he graduated BA (1831), MB (1832), and MA (1834). ...

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James Barry (c. 1799–1865) by unknown photographer, c. 1860 [left, with a servant] Trustees of the Army Medical Services Museum

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Barry, James (c. 1799–1865), army medical officer and transvestite, was probably born Margaret, the youngest daughter of Mrs Mary Ann Bulkley or Bulkeley, the sister of the artist James Barry; her paternity is in doubt. From the age of ten she dressed and presented herself as a man, but the woman who laid out her corpse declared that she was female: '...

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Bridges, John Henry (1832–1906), positivist and medical administrator, was born on 11 October 1832 at the vicarage, Old Newton, Suffolk. Slight, fair-haired, and fine-featured, he was the third of five children of the Revd Charles Bridges (1794–1869), a well-known evangelical, and his wife, ...

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Burden, Harold Nelson (1860–1930), Church of England clergyman and health administrator, was born on 20 March 1860 at Hythe, Kent, the eldest of the three children of Thomas Burden (1829–1872), a grocer, and his wife, Sarah Ann (Sally) Munk (c.1833–1902). When he was twelve his father died, and he was probably brought up by his grandparents, who were farmers. Unfortunately he was not successful as a grazier and dairyman and was declared bankrupt in 1886. He then worked in the slums of the ...

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Sir Henry Charles Burdett (1847–1920) by Bassano, 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Burdett, Sir Henry Charles (1847–1920), philanthropist and hospital reformer, was born on 18 March 1847 at Broughton, Northamptonshire, the son of Halford Robert Burdett (1813–1864), a clergyman in the parish of Gilmorton, Leicestershire, and his wife, Alsina, née Brailsford, from Lincolnshire. The Burdett...

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Noel Godfrey Chavasse (1884–1917) by Medringtons, 1917 private collection

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Chavasse, Noel Godfrey (1884–1917), army medical officer and holder of two Victoria crosses, was born on 9 November 1884 at 36 New Inn Hall Street, Oxford, the second (and identical twin) son of Francis James Chavasse (1846–1928), Church of England clergyman, and his wife, ...

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Chetham, Humphrey (bap. 1580, d. 1653), financier and philanthropist, the sixth child of Henry Chetham (c.1540–1603) of Crumpsall Hall, near Manchester, and his wife, Jane (c.1542–1616), the daughter of Robert Wroe of Heaton, was born at Crumpsall Hall, and baptized at ...

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Clarke, George Thomas Smith- (1884–1960), automobile and medical engineer, was born at Lower Park, Bewdley, Worcestershire, on 23 December 1884, the eldest of seven children (one of whom was adopted) of Henry Clarke (1850–1897), brass finisher and engineer, who in 1871 married Harriet (...

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Cox, William Sands (1802–1875), surgeon and a founder of Queen's College, Birmingham, was the eldest son of Edward Townsend Cox (1769–1863), a well-known Birmingham surgeon. After being educated locally at the King Edward VI Grammar School, he was articled to his father and began to study medicine at ...

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Thomas William Francis Gann (1867–1938) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gann, Thomas William Francis (1867–1938), colonial medical officer and archaeologist, was born at Murrisk Abbey, Westport, co. Mayo, his mother's family home, on 13 May 1867, the son of William Gann, later of Whitstable, Kent, and his wife, Elizabeth Rose Garvey. He was educated at the ...

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Greenhill, William Alexander (1814–1894), physician and sanitary reformer, was born at Stationers' Hall, London, on 1 January 1814, the youngest of the three sons of George Greenhill (1766–1850), secretary to the Stationers' Company, and his wife, Sarah Ann. The Greenhill family had a long-standing association with the ...

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Grigg [née Dickson-Poynder], Joan Alice Katherine, Lady Altrincham (1897–1987), organizer of maternity and nursing services in Africa, was born at Hartham Park, near Corsham, Wiltshire, on 11 September 1897, the only child of John Poynder Dickson-Poynder, Baron Islington (1866–1936), and his wife, ...

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Guy, Thomas (1644/5?–1724), philanthropist and founder of Guy's Hospital, the eldest of three children of Thomas Guy (d. 1652×4), lighterman, coalmonger, and carpenter, and his wife, Anne Vaughton of Tamworth, Staffordshire, was born in London in Pritchard's Alley, Fair Street, Horsleydown, Southwark...

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Harington, Sir Charles Robert (1897–1972), biochemist and medical administrator, was born on 1 August 1897 at Llanerfyl, north Wales, the elder son (there were no daughters) of the Revd Charles Harington (1862–1921), and his wife, Audrey Emma, daughter of the Revd Robert Burges Bayly...

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Harrison, Benjamin (1771–1856), hospital administrator and philanthropist, was born on 29 July 1771 at West Ham, Essex, the fourth son of Benjamin Harrison (1734–1797), treasurer of Guy's Hospital. His formal education is obscure, but he was well prepared for his life's work by living from the age of fourteen with his father in the treasurer's house at ...