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Aldis, Charles James Berridge (1808–1872), physician and public health reformer, and the eldest son of Sir Charles Aldis (1776–1863), surgeon, was born in London on 16 January 1808. He was educated at St Paul's School and matriculated from Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1828; he graduated BA (1831), MB (1832), and MA (1834). ...

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Blain, Sir Herbert Edwin (1870–1942), safety campaigner and political agent, was born at 341 Upper Parliament Street, Liverpool, on 14 May 1870, the son of Arbuthnot Harrisson Blain (1830/31–1912), a chemist and druggist, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Stalker. He attended the Liverpool Technical School...

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Boaks, William George (1904–1986), road safety campaigner and parliamentary candidate, was born on 25 May 1904 at 104 Warner Road, Walthamstow, Essex, the son of William Robert Boaks, a vegetable salesman's cashier, and his wife, Annie Edith, née Palmer. Educated in elementary schools, he entered the ...

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Sir Henry Charles Burdett (1847–1920) by Bassano, 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Burdett, Sir Henry Charles (1847–1920), philanthropist and hospital reformer, was born on 18 March 1847 at Broughton, Northamptonshire, the son of Halford Robert Burdett (1813–1864), a clergyman in the parish of Gilmorton, Leicestershire, and his wife, Alsina, née Brailsford, from Lincolnshire. The Burdett...

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Carden, George Frederick (1798–1874), barrister and cemetery founder, was born on 21 May 1798 in London, the second of the five children of James Carden (1758–1829), attorney, and his wife, Mary (1765–1830), daughter of John Walter (1739?–1812), founder of The Times. His brother was the banker and politician ...

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Greenhill, William Alexander (1814–1894), physician and sanitary reformer, was born at Stationers' Hall, London, on 1 January 1814, the youngest of the three sons of George Greenhill (1766–1850), secretary to the Stationers' Company, and his wife, Sarah Ann. The Greenhill family had a long-standing association with the ...

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Grigg [née Dickson-Poynder], Joan Alice Katherine, Lady Altrincham (1897–1987), organizer of maternity and nursing services in Africa, was born at Hartham Park, near Corsham, Wiltshire, on 11 September 1897, the only child of John Poynder Dickson-Poynder, Baron Islington (1866–1936), and his wife, ...

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Thomas Coglan Horsfall (1841–1932) by F. Beaumount, 1914 Whitworth Art Gallery, University of Manchester

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Horsfall, Thomas Coglan (1841–1932), philanthropist, was born in Manchester on 23 May 1841, the only son among the four children of William Horsfall (1806–1871), a Manchester cotton mill owner and latterly vice-chairman of the Manchester and County Bank, and his wife, Maria, née...

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Johnson, Alexander (bap. 1716, d. 1799), physician and advocate of resuscitation, was baptized on 13 September 1716 in the English church at The Hague, in the Netherlands, the sixth and youngest child of Thomas Johnson (1676/7–1735), publisher, and his wife, Jane Weems or Wemyss (1685/6–1756)...

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King [née Gore-Browne], Dame Ethel Locke (1864–1956), motor-racing promoter and hospital patron, was born on 3 June 1864 at Government House, Hobart, Tasmania, the younger daughter of Colonel Sir Thomas Gore-Browne (1807–1887), governor of Tasmania, and his wife, Harriet Louisa, daughter of ...

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Lane, Sir William Arbuthnot, first baronet (1856–1943), surgeon and health campaigner, was born at Fort George, near Inverness in Scotland, on 4 July 1856, the eldest child of Benjamin Lane (b. 1827), surgeon to the 80th regiment of foot, and his wife, ...

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Alicia Ellen Neve Little (1845–1926) by Tze-Yung-Ming & Co., 1894 [with her husband, Archibald John Little] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Little [née Bewicke], Alicia Ellen Neve [known as Mrs Archibald Little] (1845–1926), author and campaigner against foot-binding, was born in Madeira, the youngest of the three daughters and three sons of Calverley Bewicke (1816–1864), a landowner, of Hallaton Hall, Leicestershire, and his wife, ...

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Moule, Henry (1801–1880), Church of England clergyman and inventor of the dry earth closet, was born at Melksham, Wiltshire, on 27 January 1801, the sixth son of George Moule (1768–1830), solicitor and banker, and his wife, Sarah Hayward (1764–1835). He was educated at ...

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Maker: unknown engraver

Henry Moule (1801–1880) by unknown engraver courtesy of the Dorset County Museum

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Florence Nightingale (1820–1910) by Goodman, c. 1857 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Nightingale, Florence (1820–1910), reformer of army medical services and of nursing organization, was born on 12 May 1820 at Villa Columbaia, Florence, where her parents were on a European tour. Their other daughter, Frances Parthenope Nightingale (1819–1890) [see Verney, Frances Parthenope], born in ...

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Pinsent [née Parker], Dame Ellen Frances (1866–1949), promoter of the mental health services, was born at Claxby, Lincolnshire, on 25 March 1866, the youngest of the eight children of Richard Parker, rector of Claxby, and his second wife, Elizabeth Coffin; Robert John Parker, ...