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Allen, Roland (1868–1947), missionary and theologian, was born at 104 Friargate, Derby, on 29 December 1868, third son in the family of five sons and two daughters of Charles Fletcher Allen (1835–1873), curate and schoolmaster, and his wife, Priscilla, née Malpas (1839–1935). Of his brothers, ...

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Anderson, Sir (James) Norman Dalrymple (1908–1994), missionary, jurist, and writer on religion, was born on 29 September 1908 at Aldeburgh, Suffolk, the second son and last of the four children of William Dalrymple Anderson (d. 1946), grain merchant, and his wife, Lilian Maud, ...

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See Ayerst, William

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Ayerst, William (1830–1904), Church of England clergyman and missionary, was born on 16 March 1830 at Danzig. His father, William Ayerst (1802–1883), Church of England clergyman and missionary, was born at Tenterden, Kent, on 10 April 1802, the son of William Ayerst...

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Aylward, Gladys May (1902–1970), missionary, was born on 24 February 1902 in Edmonton, Middlesex, the eldest of the three children of Thomas John Aylward, postman, and his wife, Rosina Florence Whiskin, daughter of a surgical boot maker. After receiving an elementary education, at the age of fourteen she became a shop-girl, then a children's nanny, settling finally to be a parlourmaid. She was efficient and pleasant, liked frequent moves, and served in several well-known households in the ...

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Badger, George Percy (1815–1888), Arabic scholar and missionary, was born on 6 April 1815 at Chelmsford, Essex, the son of Edward Badger, army sergeant, and his wife, Ann (d. 1844). He was brought up in Malta, where his father, a regimental schoolmaster, died during his childhood, leaving his education in a rudimentary state. His fluency in Maltese, however, laid the foundation of his later mastery of Arabic. From 1834 he worked successively for the Methodist, American protestant, and Anglican missions in ...

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Baker, Shirley Waldemar (1836–1903), missionary and prime minister of Tonga, was born in Camden Town, London. He was the son of George Baker and his wife, Jane Woolmer, daughter of a Methodist minister, who married ‘below her station’. He grew up in drab circumstances and in 1852 stowed away to ...

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Bargery, George Percy (1876–1966), missionary and Hausa scholar, was born on 1 October 1876 at 7 Oxford Terrace, St James Road, Exeter, the son of George Thomas Bargery, commercial traveller, and his wife, Ellen Dawes. Educated in Exeter and at the University of London...

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Bartlett, Daniel Henry Charles (1871–1957), Church of England clergyman and missionary society administrator, was born at 20 Camden Place, Walcot, Bath, on 28 June 1871, the seventh child of Daniel Bartlett, a wine merchant, and his wife, Constance, née Drewe. The family moved to ...

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Charlotte Fell-Smith

revised by Katherine Prior

Barton, John (1836–1908), missionary, was born at East Leigh, Havant, Hampshire, on 31 December 1836, sixth of the nine children of John Barton (1789–1852) and his wife, Fanny (d. 1842), daughter of James Rickman. After schooling at Bishop Waltham and at Cholmondeley School, Highgate, Middlesex...

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Barton, Thomas (1729/30–1780), missionary and Church of England clergyman, was born in Ireland, descended from an English family that settled there in the reign of Charles I. After graduating at Dublin University he emigrated to America, and in 1751 opened a school at ...

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Beckwith, John Charles (1789–1862), army officer and missionary, was born at Halifax, Nova Scotia, on 2 October 1789. He was the grandson of Major-General John Beckwith, and nephew of the generals Sir George and Sir Thomas Sydney Beckwith. His father, like his four brothers, had held a commission in the ...

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Bird, Mary Rebecca Stewart (1859–1914), missionary, was born on 23 June 1859 at Castle Eden rectory, co. Durham, the fifth of the six children of Charles Robinson Bird (d. 1886), rector of Castle Eden, and Harriet Oliver (d. 1911), née Watson...

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Biscoe, Cecil Earle Tyndale- (1863–1949), missionary and educationist, was born on 9 February 1863 at Holton Park, Wheatley, Oxfordshire, the son of William Earle Tyndale (1813–1895), a landowner, and his wife, Elizabeth Carey (d. 1891), daughter of Albert Glass Sandeman, founder of ...

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Bridges, Thomas (c. 1842–1898), dictionary compiler, missionary, and sheep farmer, was found abandoned, perhaps on a bridge near Bristol, aged about two and a half, and taken to an orphanage, the name of which remains unknown. He was adopted by the Revd George Pakenham Despard...

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P. B. Austin

revised by Clare Brown

Bullock, William Thomas (1818–1879), missionary, was born in London, the second son of John Bullock and his wife, Mary, née Soper. The family had been landowners in Leicestershire and Rutland for several generations, but his father and mother had settled in London. Bullock...

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Butler, Fanny Jane (1850–1889), physician and medical missionary, was born on 5 October 1850 at 6 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, London, the eighth of the ten children of Thomas Butler (b. 1809), who worked at the British Museum, and his wife, Jane Isabella North...

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Cable, (Alice) Mildred (1878–1952), missionary and author, was born on 21 February 1878 in Sydenham Road, Guildford, the daughter of John Cable, master draper and sometime borough councillor and magistrate, and his wife, Eliza Kindred. From early youth she believed that she had a missionary vocation, and while still at ...

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Caldwell, Robert (1814–1891), missionary and orientalist, was born near Belfast, Ulster, on 7 May 1814, into an impoverished family. He began working at the age of nine, after his family moved to Glasgow. Largely self-educated, at fifteen he went to live with his elder brother in ...

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William Carey (1761–1834) by Robert Home, 1811 [with his chief pandit, Mritunjaya] original owned by BMS World Mission, PO Box 49, Didcot, OX11 8XA, England