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Aaron, Richard Ithamar (1901–1987), philosopher, was born on 6 November 1901 at Upper Dulais, Blaendulais, Glamorgan, the son of William Aaron (1864–1937), a draper, and his wife, Margaret Griffith (d. 1940). He was brought up in Llwyfenni, Llangyfelach, Ynystawe, which was his home from 1910 to 1932, and received his secondary education at ...

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Aberhart, William (1878–1943), politician and evangelist in Canada, was born in Hibbert township, near Seaforth, Perth county, Ontario, on 30 December 1878, the son of William Aberhart (who as a child had been brought from Germany) and his wife, Louisa Pepper, the daughter of an Englishman. He was educated at schools in ...

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Adams, Mary (supp. fl. 1652), self-proclaimed virgin mother, is a fiction whose existence rests in the creation of one pamphlet formed around her alleged misdeeds and blasphemies. This work is called The Ranters Monster and was printed in London for George Horton in March 1652. ...

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William Adamson (1863–1936) by Bassano, 1920 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Adamson, William [Willie] (1863–1936), politician and trade unionist, was born at Halbeath, near Dunfermline in Fife, on 2 April 1863, the son of James Armstrong Adamson, a coalminer, and Flora Cunningham. He attended a dame-school run by the wife of a mining engineer, and left at the age of eleven to work in the mining industry, where he was employed for the next twenty-seven years. He married, on 25 February 1887, ...

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Adis, Henry (fl. 1641/2–1663), General Baptist leader and writer, was in 1648 a prisoner in the Tower Chamber of the Fleet prison, 'in the seventh year of the Author's Oppression, being the 8th year of this Parliament's Reformation' (Adis, A Spie...

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Alcock, George Eric Deacon (1912–2000), astronomer, was born on 28 August 1912 at 59 London Road, Fletton, Peterborough, the eldest of the four sons of George William Alcock (1880/81–1958), railwayman, and his wife, Jane (Jennie) Deacon (1875/6–1943), dressmaker. He was educated in Peterborough...

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Albert Victor Alexander, Earl Alexander of Hillsborough (1885–1965) by Howard Coster, 1942 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alexander, Albert Victor, Earl Alexander of Hillsborough (1885–1965), politician and co-operator, was born at 59 George Street, Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, on 1 May 1885, the son of Albert Alexander (d. 1886), a blacksmith, and his wife, Eliza Jane, née Thatcher. On his father's death his mother moved back to her parents' house in ...

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Alexander, Daniel Asher (1768–1846), architect and engineer, was born on 6 May 1768 in the parish of St Olave, Southwark, London, the son of Daniel Alexander, broker, and his wife, Elizabeth. He was educated at St Paul's School and in 1782 he became a student at the ...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by David Huddleston

Alexander, William Lindsay (1808–1884), Congregational minister, eldest son of William Alexander (1781–1866), wine merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Lindsay (d. 1848), was born at Leith on 24 August 1808. Having attended Leith high school and a boarding-school at East Linton, he entered ...

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Allan, Sir Henry Marshman Havelock-, first baronet (1830–1897), army officer and politician, eldest of eight children (four surviving) of Major-General Sir Henry Havelock (1795–1857) and his wife, Hannah (d. 1882), daughter of Dr Joshua Marshman, was born at Chinsura, India, on 6 August 1830. He assumed the additional surname of ...

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Allen, John [pseud. Junius junior] (d. 1783x8), Particular Baptist minister and writer, became minister in 1764 of the Particular Baptist church in Petticoat Lane, London, having previously preached at Salisbury. On settling in London he opened a linen draper's shop in Shoreditch...

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Allen, William (d. 1686), religious writer and controversialist, went to London about 1630. Nothing is known of his earlier life. In 1640 or 1641 he joined the church ministered to by John Goodwin, vicar of St Stephen, Coleman Street, London. He continued as a member when in 1645 it adopted congregational principles, and subsequently he became an elder. ...

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Ames, William (d. 1662), Quaker preacher, was born at Frampton Cotterell, near Bristol; his parents' names are not known. He was not well educated and when young was prone to lying, drunkenness, and licentiousness. During the civil war he joined the king's army and later served as a marine under ...

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Anderson, Christopher (1782–1852), theological writer and Baptist preacher, was born at West Bow, Grassmarket, Edinburgh, on 19 February 1782, and was the youngest son of William Anderson (1744–1804), an ironmonger. Christopher was educated at Lasswade day school near Edinburgh. He worked initially in his father's trade and later in an insurance office, but because of his interest in Christian missions and his desire to become a foreign missionary, he relinquished his secular work, and studied for the ministry. His family and friends were deeply influenced by the evangelistic zeal of ...

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Angas, George Fife (1789–1879), promoter of the colonization of South Australia, was born on 1 May 1789 at Newcastle upon Tyne, the seventh child of Caleb Angas (1742–1831), coach maker and shipowner, and his second wife, Sarah Jameson, widowed daughter of John Lindsay...

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Angas, William Henry (1781–1832), mariner and missionary, was born in Newcastle upon Tyne on 6 October 1781, the son of Caleb Angas, a successful coach manufacturer, merchant, and shipowner. Angas was descended from a branch of the Scottish clan Angus, which had long since settled in ...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by L. E. Lauer

Angus, Joseph (1816–1902), Baptist minister and educationist, was born on 16 January 1816 at Bolam, Northumberland, the only son of John Angus, a farmer and later a leather merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Wanless. His first schooling was at the free grammar school, Newcastle...

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Anstie, John (1743–1830), clothier, was born on 7 September 1743 in Devizes, the eldest son of John Anstie (1698–1779), grocer and snuff maker, and his third wife, Mary (née Sharpe). He was baptized at Devizes Baptist Church, and later became a prominent member of the congregation. On 4 April 1780 he married ...