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Atkinson, Mabel (1876–1958), feminist and socialist, was born on 22 May 1876 at Ridley Mill, Broomley, near Stocksfield, in rural Northumberland. She was the daughter of John Boland Atkinson, inspector of mines, and his wife, Jane, née Elliott (b. 1853), feminist and militant suffragette; she had four brothers and one sister. Her parents were, as she later said, progressive and sympathetic on female education and employment. As a young woman, however, she chafed against restrictive middle-class Victorian behaviour and dress; she considered the bicycle '...

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Anthony Louis Banks, Baron Stratford (1942–2006) by David Mansell, 2002 Camera Press, London

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Banks, Anthony Louis [Tony], Baron Stratford (1942–2006), politician, was born on 8 April 1942 at Jubilee Maternity Hospital, Belfast, the only son and elder child of Albert Herbert Banks, a sergeant in the Royal Army Service Corps, who before the Second World War had been a toolmaker, and his wife, ...

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Barke, James William (1905–1958), novelist, was born on 22 May 1905 at Torwoodlee, near Galashiels, Selkirkshire, the fourth child of James Bark (1862–1937), dairyman, and his wife, Jane (b. 1866), a dairymaid, daughter of Thomas Gibb, ploughman. The family moved in 1907 to ...

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Ronald William George Barker (1929–2005) by unknown photographer, 1975 Getty Images

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Barker, Ronald William George [Ronnie] (1929–2005), actor and comedian, was born on 25 September 1929 at 70 Garfield Street, Bedford, the only son and second of the three children of Leonard William Barker, a clerk for Shell, and his wife, Edith Eleanor, née...

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Blackham, Harold John (1903–2009), philosopher, humanist, and educationist, was born on 31 March 1903 at 4 Piers Road, Handsworth, near Birmingham, the only son and youngest of four children of Walter Roland Blackham (1875–1911), bookseller and publisher, and his wife, Harriet Mary, née...

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Bondi, Sir Hermann (1919–2005), applied mathematician and scientific administrator, was born on 1 November 1919 in Vienna, Austria, the son of Samuel Bondi (d. 1959), a doctor and heart specialist with a deep interest in science, and his wife, Helene, née Hirsch (...

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(Edward) Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten (1913–1976) by Sir Cecil Beaton © Cecil Beaton Archive, Sotheby's; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Britten, (Edward) Benjamin, Baron Britten (1913–1976), composer, was born on 22 November 1913 in Lowestoft, Suffolk, the youngest of the four children (two sons and two daughters) of Robert Victor Britten (1878–1934), a dental surgeon, and his wife, Edith Rhoda (1874–1937), the daughter of ...

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Brocklehurst, John Charles (1924–2013), geriatrician, was born on 31 May 1924 at 23 Newsham Drive, Liverpool, the son of Harold John Stanley Brocklehurst (1895–1980), electrical engineer and businessman, and his wife, Dorothy, née Harrison (1899–1998), both Baptists, and both from Liverpool. The family moved to ...

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Bull, Phil (1910–1989), racehorse owner and punter, was born on 9 April 1910 at 3 Cemetery Road, Hemsworth, West Riding of Yorkshire, the only son and eldest of the three children of William Osborne Bull (c.1870–1954), a coalminer who later became a sanitary inspector, and his wife, ...

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Chesser, Eustace [formerly Isaac Chesarkie] (1902–1973), psychiatrist and social reformer, was born on 22 March 1902 at 3 Dalkeith Road, Edinburgh, second son of Arthur Chesarkie, a jeweller, and his wife, Rebecca Solomon, whose families had fled Russian pogroms. He was educated at ...

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Daniels, Henry Ellis (1912–2000), statistician, was born on 2 October 1912 in London, the second child of Morris Daniels (1889–1953), a salesman, and his wife, Hannah, née Goldberg (1890–1959). His was a Jewish family of Russian (partly Polish and partly Lithuanian) origin. When he was two the family moved to join the Lithuanian branch in ...

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Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson (1862–1932) by Roger Fry, 1925 The Provost and Scholars of King's College, Cambridge

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Dickinson, Goldsworthy Lowes (1862–1932), scholar and advocate of a league of nations, was born on 6 August 1862 at Langham Chambers, near Oxford Circus, London, the third of the five children of Lowes Cato Dickinson (1819–1908) and his wife, Margaret Ellen (d...

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Sir (William) Richard Shaboe Doll (1912–2005) by Michael Crabtree, 2004 © Troika Photos

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Doll, Sir (William) Richard Shaboe (1912–2005), physician and epidemiologist, was born at 15 Park Road, Hampton Hill, Middlesex, on 28 October 1912, the elder son of Henry William Doll, physician and surgeon, and his wife, Amy Kathleen, née Shaboe, concert pianist. He was educated at ...

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Margaret Doreen Duff (1910–1981) by Chris Ware, 1961 Getty Images

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Duff [née Eames], Margaret Doreen [Peggy] (1910–1981), political activist, was born at 51 Wolseley Gardens, Chiswick, Middlesex, on 8 February 1910, the elder daughter and middle child of Frank Eames, stockbrokers' clerk, organist, and later secretary of the Incorporated Society of Musicians...