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Jennett Humphreys

revised by R. K. Webb

Acton, Henry (1797–1843), Unitarian minister, was born on 10 March 1797, at Lewes, Sussex, the third of four sons of William Acton, a labourer, and his wife, Mary. Apprenticed at sixteen to a printer, Acton was led by biblical study from Anglicanism to Unitarianism and to the ...

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See Acton, Henry

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See Acton, Henry

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Adair, James (1743?–1798), judge and serjeant-at-law, whose place of birth remains unknown and whose date of birth is unconfirmed, was the first son of James Adair, a Belfast merchant, and Margaret Maxwell of co. Down where the younger Adair later inherited estates. While his early years remain somewhat obscure it is known that ...

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John Adams (1735–1826) by Gilbert Stuart, c. 1800–15 Gift of Mrs. Robert Homans, Photograph © 2004 Board of Trustees, National Gallery of Art, Washington

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Adams, John (1735–1826), president of the United States of America, was born on 19 October 1735, in the north parish (in 1792 named Quincy) of Braintree, Suffolk county, Massachusetts, the eldest child of ‘Deacon’ John Adams (1692–1761), a local farmer, shoemaker, and office-holder, and his wife, ...

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James Evershed Agate (1877–1947) by Howard Coster, 1934 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ivor Brown

revised by Marc Brodie

Agate, James Evershed (1877–1947), drama critic, was born at Pendleton, Lancashire, on 9 September 1877, the eldest of the five sons and one daughter of Charles James Agate (1832–1909), cotton manufacturer's agent, and his wife, Eulalie Julia Young, daughter of a widowed piano teacher. Although generally regarded during his lifetime as the writer from ...

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Arthur Aikin (1773–1854) by William Brockedon, 1826 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Aikin, Arthur (1773–1854), natural scientist and author, was born on 19 May 1773 at Warrington, Lancashire, the eldest son of John Aikin (1747–1822) and his wife, Martha (c.1746–1830), daughter of Arthur Jennings of Cheapside, London. His brothers were Charles Rochemont Aikin...

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Aikin, Charles Rochemont (1775–1847), surgeon, was born at Warrington, Lancashire, the second son of John Aikin (1747–1822), physician, author, and religious dissenter, and Martha Jennings (c.1746–1830); he was the grandson of John Aikin (1713–1780), and brother of Lucy Aikin (1781–1864) and ...

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Aikin, Edmund (1780–1820), architect, was born on 2 October 1780 at Warrington, Lancashire, the youngest son of John Aikin (1747–1822), physician and author, and his wife, Martha, née Jennings (c.1746–1830). His two brothers, Charles Rochemont Aikin and Arthur Aikin, achieved prominence in the fields of surgery and natural science respectively. A shy, nervous, and physically delicate child, he was educated at home until, following the family's move to ...

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John Aikin (1747–1822) by George Engleheart, pubd 1823 (after Wright) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Aikin, John (1747–1822), physician and writer, was born on 15 January 1747 at Kibworth Harcourt, Leicestershire, the younger child and only son of John Aikin (1713–1780), theologian, and his wife, Jane Jennings (1714–1785). He had an elder sister, who, under her married name of ...

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Lucy Aikin (1781–1864) by unknown photographer private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barbara Brandon Schnorrenberg

Aikin, Lucy (1781–1864), historian, the fourth child and only daughter of John Aikin MD (1747–1822), and his wife, Martha Jennings (d. 1830), was born in Warrington on 6 November 1781. Her three brothers were Arthur Aikin, Charles Rochemont Aikin, and Edmund Aikin...

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Alfred Ainger (1837–1904) by George Du Maurier, c. 1881 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ainger, Alfred [pseud. Doubleday] (1837–1904), writer and Church of England clergyman, born at 10 Doughty Street, London, on 9 February 1837, was the youngest of the four children of Alfred Ainger (1797–1859) and his first wife, Marianne Jagger (d. 1839) of ...

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William Harrison Ainsworth (1805–1882) by Daniel Maclise, c. 1834 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ainsworth, William Harrison (1805–1882), novelist, was born on 4 February 1805 at 21 King Street, Manchester, the elder of two sons of Thomas Ainsworth (1778–1824), a solicitor, and his wife, Ann (1778–1842), daughter of the Revd Ralph Harrison (1748–1810), a nonconformist minister and tutor of languages and literature at the ...