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Rudolph Ackermann (1764–1834) attrib. François Nicholas Mouchet, 1810–14 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ackermann, Rudolph (1764–1834), publisher, was born on 20 April 1764 at Stollberg, near Leipzig, in Saxony, the sixth child of Barthel Ackermann (1723–1798), a saddler, and his wife, Justina Scharschmidt (1732–1808). He was educated at the Latin school at Stollberg and then at ...

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Adelaide (1792–1849) by Sir William Beechey, c. 1831 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Adelaide [Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen] (1792–1849), queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, consort of William IV, was the eldest child of George Frederick Charles, duke of Saxe-Meiningen (d. 1803), and Louisa Eleanora (d. 1837), daughter of Christian Albert, ...

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Albert [Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha] (1819–1861) by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, 1846 Board of Trustees of the National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside (Lady Lever Art Gallery, Port Sunlight)

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Albert [Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha] (1819–1861), prince consort, consort of Queen Victoria, was born on 26 August 1819 at the ducal summer residence of the duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, the Rosenau, on the southern edge of the forest of Thuringen, about 4 miles...

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Alberti, Georg Wilhelm [pseud. Alethophilus Gottingensis] (bap. 1724, d. 1758), theologian and essayist, was baptized on 17 August 1724 ns at the church of St Aegiduen, Osterode am Harz, in the electorate of Hanover; he was the son of August Christoph Alberti...

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Alesius [formerly Allane or Alan], Alexander (1500–1565), Lutheran theologian and reformer, was born at Edinburgh on 23 April 1500. He is sometimes referred to as Ales, Aless, or Alesse, but the matriculation roll of St Andrews University records his native family name as ...

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Alexandra (1844–1925) by Symonds & Co., 1877 [on the royal yacht Osborne] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alexandra [Princess Alexandra of Denmark] (1844–1925), queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the British dominions beyond the seas, and empress of India, consort of Edward VII, was born at the Gule or Yellow Palace in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 1 December 1844 and was given the names ...

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Princess Alice (1843–1878) by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, 1861 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Alice, Princess [married name Princess Louis of Hesse] (1843–1878), grand duchess of Hesse, consort of Louis IV, and daughter of Queen Victoria, was born Alice Maud Mary at Buckingham Palace in the early morning of 25 April 1843, the third child and second daughter of ...

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Alice, Princess [Princess Alice of Battenberg; married name Princess Andrew of Greece] (1885–1969), Greek Orthodox nun and mother-in-law of Elizabeth II, was born (in the presence of Queen Victoria, her great-grandmother) on 25 February 1885 at Windsor Castle. Named Victoria Alice Elizabeth Julie Marie...

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Princess Amelia (1711–1786) by unknown engraver (after Jacopo Amigoni) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Amelia [Emily], Princess (1711–1786), daughter of George II, was born on 30 May/10 June 1711 at the palace of Herrenhausen in Hanover, Germany, the summer residence of her grandfather, Georg Ludwig, elector of Hanover (from 1714 King George I of Great Britain), the second daughter of ...

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Anne, princess royal (1709–1759) by Jacopo Amigoni, c. 1734 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Anne (1574–1619) by Paul van Somer, 1617 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Anne [Anna, Anne of Denmark] (1574–1619), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of James VI and I, was born on 12 December 1574 at Skanderborg Castle in Jutland, Denmark. She was the second daughter of Frederick II (1534–1588), king of Denmark and Norway...