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Abdurahman, Abdullah (1872–1940), political leader and physician, was born on 18 December 1872 in Wellington, a country town in south-western Cape Colony, the eldest son of the nine children of Abdul Arraman (also known as Rahman), small trader and civic figure, who was a patron of ...

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Abercrombie, John (1780–1844), physician, eldest of four sons of the Revd George Abercrombie and his second wife, Barbara Morice, was born on 10 October 1780 in Aberdeen, where his father was parish minister of East Church, and exerted a powerful influence on his religious and moral upbringing. ...

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Abercromby, David (d. 1701?), physician and philosopher, most probably belonged to the Abercrombys of Seaton in the north-east of Scotland where he is believed to have been born. It is not known if Abercromby married or had children, although what survives of his biography makes marriage unlikely. Nothing is known of his parentage....

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Sir Henry Wentworth Acland, first baronet (1815–1900) by Julia Margaret Cameron, 1867 Royal Photographic Society; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Acland, Sir Henry Wentworth, first baronet (1815–1900), physician, was the fifth of the nine children and the fourth son of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, tenth baronet (1787–1871), and Lydia Elizabeth Hoare (d. 1856). Born at the family home of Killerton, at Broadclyst...

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W. P. Courtney

revised by Michael Bevan

Adair, James Makittrick (1728–1801), physician, was born James Makittrick, the son of James Makittrick, a physician in Ayr, and Miss Adair (b. 1700), the daughter of Miss Dunbar and Robert Adair of Maryport Farm, Kirkmaiden, Mull of Galloway. His brother John practised medicine in ...

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Adams [formerly Adam], Francis (1796–1861), physician and classical scholar, was born on 13 March 1796 at Auchinhove, Lumphanan, Aberdeenshire, the son of James Adam, a small farmer and builder, and his wife, Elspet Black. He was educated at the parish school, winning a bursary to ...

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Adams, George Fowler (1916–2012), geriatrician, was born on 25 January 1916 at Bridge House, Aberford, near Leeds, the fourth of seven children of Henry Adams, a bank inspector and an Ulster Scot, and his wife, Dorothea Jane, née Whitehouse, a Lancastrian and daughter of the director of a firm of calico printers. At the time of his birth registration the family lived at ...

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Percy Hoskins

revised by Michael Bevan

Adams, John Bodkin (1899–1983), general practitioner and forger, was born on 20 January 1899 in Randalstown, co. Antrim, the elder son of Samuel Adams, watchmaker, and his wife, Ellen Bodkin (d. 1943), formerly of Desertmartin, co. Tyrone. The younger son was born in 1903 and died of pneumonia in 1916. Shortly after ...

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Adams, Joseph (1756–1818), physician, was born on 20 July 1756, the youngest of the three sons of Joseph Adams (1725?–1783), an apothecary in Basinghall Street, London, and his wife, Susannah, daughter of Timothy Rogers. He was educated to succeed his father, studying in ...

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Addenbrooke, John (bap. 1681, d. 1719), physician and benefactor, was born at Kingswinford in Staffordshire, and baptized on 13 June 1681 at the parish church in West Bromwich, the only son of Samuel Addenbrooke, vicar of West Bromwich, and Matilda Porry of Wolverhampton...

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Francis Espinasse

revised by Claire L. Nutt

Addington, Anthony (1713–1790), physician, born on 13 December 1713, was the youngest son of Henry Addington (1659–1729), gentleman, of Twyford, Oxfordshire, and his second wife, Elizabeth (c.1670–1746), eldest daughter of Anthony and Joanna Watts of Sulgrave, Northamptonshire. He was sent as a scholar to ...

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Thomas Addison (1795–1860) by Alfred Hone, 1838 by permission of the Royal College of Physicians, London; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Addison, Thomas (1795–1860), physician, was born in April 1795 at Long Benton, near Newcastle upon Tyne, the younger son of Joseph Addison (1756–1823), a grocer and flour dealer, and his wife, Sarah, née Shaw (1761–1841). Educated privately and at Newcastle grammar school, Addison...

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See Caesar [formerly Adelmare], Sir Julius

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Adelstein, Abraham Manie [Abe] (1916–1992), occupational physician and medical statistician, was born on 28 March 1916 at Trichard, eastern Transvaal, South Africa, the fourth of five children (four boys and one girl) of Nathan Adelstein, miller in Trichard, and Rosie Cohen, both Jewish immigrants from ...

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Agate, John Norman (1919–1998), geriatrician, was born on 20 February 1919 at 40 Dingwall Road, Croydon, Surrey, the son of Charlton Stanford Agate (1892–1966), wireless engineer, and his wife, Gwendoline May, née Chappell (1892–1982). He was educated at Aldenham School, Hertfordshire. Attracted to a career in medicine, as several uncles were eminent in the field, he gained an open scholarship to ...

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Agnew, Sir James Willson (1815–1901), medical practitioner and politician in Tasmania, born at Ballyclare, co. Antrim, Ireland, on 2 October 1815, was the son of James William Agnew, a physician, and Ellen Stewart, of Larne, co. Antrim. Educated for the medical profession at ...

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John Aikin (1747–1822) by George Engleheart, pubd 1823 (after Wright) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Aikin, John (1747–1822), physician and writer, was born on 15 January 1747 at Kibworth Harcourt, Leicestershire, the younger child and only son of John Aikin (1713–1780), theologian, and his wife, Jane Jennings (1714–1785). He had an elder sister, who, under her married name of ...