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Adams, William (1564–1620), navigator, was born in Gillingham, Kent, the son of John Adams. His mother and the precise date of his birth are unknown, but he was baptized on 24 September 1564 at St Mary Magdalen, Gillingham. He had at least one brother, ...

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Barinthus [St Barinthus, Barnitus, Barvitus] (supp. fl. 6th cent.), legendary navigator, occurs in the Navigatio sancti Brendani and the various Latin and vernacular lives of St Brendan of Clonfert (d. 573) [see under Connacht, saints of], where it is stated that his account of a journey, undertaken with a disciple called ...

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Burney, Sarah Harriet (1772–1844), writer, was born on 29 August 1772, probably in King's Lynn, Norfolk, the youngest of two children of Charles Burney (1726–1814), musician, and his second wife, Elizabeth, née Allen (1728–1796), widow of Stephen Allen, a merchant of King's Lynn...

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Bylot, Robert (fl. 1610–1617), navigator, is first mentioned as a mariner on the Discovery (55 tons) in the expedition in search of the north-west passage under Henry Hudson, paid for by Sir Dudley Digges, Sir Thomas Smith, and John Wolstenholme, avid promoters of overseas trade. The expedition sailed from ...

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Cabot, John [Zuan Caboto] (c. 1451–1498), navigator, was Italian by birth, the son of Julio Caboto (apparently of Genoese origin) and his wife, Mattea (who was Venetian). His parents were active in Venetian territories, and passed on their business and property dealings to ...

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Sir Francis Charles Chichester (1901–1972) by Russell Westwood, 1967 © Estate of Russell Westwood; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Chichester, Sir Francis Charles (1901–1972), navigator and sailor, was born on 17 September 1901 at Shirwell, Devon, the younger son (there were later two daughters) of Charles Chichester, vicar of Shirwell, seventh son of the eighth baronet, and his wife, Emily Annie, the daughter of ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew C. F. David

Clerke, Charles (1743–1779), naval officer and circumnavigator, was born in Weatherfield, Essex, the son of Joseph Clerke, a farmer. He had a brother, Sir John Clerke, and a sister who married Paul Henry Maty. He entered the navy in 1755 as captain's servant and midshipman in the ...

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Clerke, Richard (fl. 1572–1596), navigator and privateer, claimed to have been born at Buckhurst, Essex, but is generally referred to as 'of Weymouth'. He presumably learned his trade in the ships of the latter port, being master of the Pilgrim between ...

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See Meath, saints of

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Dunn, Samuel (bap. 1723, d. 1794), teacher of mathematics and navigation, was born in Crediton, Devon, and baptized there on 7 February 1723, the son of John (d. 1744) and Alice Dunn. Nothing is known of his own education, which gave him a competence in mathematics, but by the age of nineteen he was keeping his own school and teaching writing, accounts, navigation, and other mathematical sciences. This building was destroyed in the fire which swept through ...

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Farquharson, Henry (c. 1675–1739), teacher of mathematics and navigation in Russia, was a son of John Farquharson (d. before 1691), from a branch of the family at Milton, Whitehouse, in west Aberdeenshire. He graduated after broadly based studies as Milne bursar (1691–5) at ...

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J. K. Laughton

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Forrest, Thomas (c. 1729–c. 1802), navigator, appears to have served for some time in the Royal Navy, and to have been a midshipman in 1745, which suggests a birth date of about 1729. It was probably after the peace in 1748 that he entered the service of the ...

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C. H. Coote

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Fox, Luke (1586–1635), navigator, son of Richard Fox, seaman and assistant of the Trinity House at Kingston upon Hull, was born at Hull on 20 October 1586. Having 'beene Sea-bred from my Boyes-time' (Fox, 169) he acquired his knowledge of seamanship in voyages southward to ...

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William Ravenhill

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Gascoyne, Joel (bap. 1650, d. 1705), chart maker and cartographer, was baptized in Holy Trinity parish, Hull, on 31 October 1650, the younger child and only son of Thomas Gascoyne or Gaskin, master mariner. The family had since 1605 been prominent in Hull...

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Gore, John (1729/30?–1790), circumnavigator and naval officer, was reputedly born in Virginia, and was presumably already an experienced seaman when, on 25 August 1755, he joined the Windsor (60 guns) at Portsmouth, and was rated midshipman. He was discharged to sick quarters in ...

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Hack, William (fl. 1671–1702), chart maker, was the son of Charles Hack, a Winchester innkeeper. He was apprenticed to Andrew Welch, a cartographer of the Thames, or Drapers' Company, school of chart makers in London for a term of nine years on 25 January 1671. There is no record that ...

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Horsburgh [Horsbrough], James (1762–1836), hydrographer and chart maker, was born at Elie, Fife, on 23 September 1762, the son of William Horsbrough, shoemaker, and his wife, Jean Given or Givan. In materials for an autobiographical account Horsburgh described them as 'pious, and respectable, but not opulent...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Inman, James (1776–1859), mathematician and writer on navigation, was the younger son of Richard Inman of Garsdale Foot, Sedbergh, Yorkshire. He attended Sedbergh grammar school, and subsequently became a pupil of John Dawson. Although entered at St John's College, Cambridge, in 1794, he did not go into residence until 1796. He graduated BA in 1800 as senior wrangler and first Smith's prizeman, and was elected to a fellowship....

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Squire Thornton Stratford Lecky (1838–1902) by unknown artist, c. 1900 © National Maritime Museum, London