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Aukland, Jane Munday (bap. 1836, d. 1925), temperance campaigner, was born in Newington, Surrey, where she was baptized on 21 February 1836, the daughter of John Langfield, greengrocer, and his wife, Mary Ann, née Raymond (d. 1839). In 1865 she married John Loxley Aukland (1820/21–1917)...

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Balfour, Clara Lucas [née Clara Lucas] (1808–1878), advocate of women's advancement and temperance activist, was born in the New Forest, Hampshire, on 21 December 1808. She was the only child of John Lydell Lucas (c.1767–1818), a butcher and cattle dealer from ...

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Balgarnie, Florence (1856–1928), feminist and temperance campaigner, was born at 2 Belle Vue Terrace, Scarborough, Yorkshire, on 19 August 1856, the eldest of three daughters of the Revd Robert Balgarnie (1826–1899) and his wife, Martha Rooke. Her father, minister of the South Cliff Congregational Church...

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Bayley, Mary (b. 1816, d. in or after 1892), temperance activist and writer, was born in Market Lavington, Wiltshire. Nothing is known of her early life. Her husband, George Bayley (1807–1888), was born in Rotherhithe, served in the merchant navy between the ages of sixteen and forty-four, and was an elder brother of the ...

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Bowly, Samuel (1802–1884), slavery abolitionist and temperance advocate, the son of Samuel Bowly, a miller at Bibury, Gloucestershire, was born in Cirencester on 23 March 1802. During his youth he attended a Quaker school at Nailsworth and then worked at his father's flour mill. In 1827 he married ...

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Charlotte Fell-Smith

revised by Mark Clement

Burns, (James) Dawson (1828–1909), temperance reformer, born at Southwark in London, on 22 January 1828, was the younger son of Jabez Burns, DD (1805–1876), Baptist minister of New Church Street Chapel, Marylebone, for forty-one years, and a popular religious writer and temperance advocate. His mother was ...

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Byers [née Morrow], Margaret (1832–1912), educationist and temperance activist, was born in April 1832 at Windsor Hill, Rathfriland, co. Down, the fourth child and only daughter of Andrew Morrow, a noted temperance activist, and his wife, Margaret Herron. The family engaged in farming and also operated a flax mill. On the death of her father in 1840 ...

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William Sproston Caine (1842–1903) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1901 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Caine, William Sproston (1842–1903), politician and temperance advocate, born at Egremont, Wallasey, Cheshire, on 26 March 1842, was the eldest surviving son of Nathaniel Caine JP (d. 1877), metal merchant, and his wife, Hannah (d. 1861), daughter of William Rushton of ...

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Carter, Henry (1874–1951), temperance campaigner and pacifist, was born on 3 November 1874 at 17 Cornwall Street, Plymouth, the son of George Henry Richards Carter, a basket-maker, and his wife, Lavinia Johns Kingdon. His father died when Henry Carter was young, so he was brought up by his mother, a devout Methodist and committed teetotaller. At the age of fourteen ...

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Charrington, Frederick Nicholas (1850–1936), philanthropist and temperance reformer, was born in London on 4 February 1850, the eldest son of Frederick Charrington, a brewer, and his wife, Louisa, the daughter of Huxley Griffith of Stepney. After two terms at Marlborough College, in 1864, he left and a year later was sent to ...

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Sir Samuel Chisholm, baronet (1836–1923) by unknown photographer by courtesy of the Mitchell Library, Cultural and Leisure Services, Glasgow City Council

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Chisholm, Sir Samuel, baronet (1836–1923), local politician and temperance campaigner, was born in Dalkeith, Midlothian, on 23 September 1836, the eldest son in the family of four sons and three daughters of John Chisholm (c.1810–1882), a tobacco manufacturer, and his wife, ...

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See Collins family

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Cranston, Robert (1815–1892), founder of temperance hotels, was born on 9 August 1815, at East Calder, near Edinburgh, the son of James Cranston, mason and innkeeper, and his wife, Janet Garvie. His grandfather Robert had moved there from Jedburgh about 1778 to act as factor for the ...

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Docwra, Mary Elizabeth (1847–1914), temperance activist, was born at Kelvedon, Essex, on 20 January 1847, the third of seven children of George Docwra and his wife, Mary Jesup, née Knight. Members of the Society of Friends, her parents were from old Essex stock, tracing their family back more than 180 years. They were originally moderate drinkers, but early in their marriage embraced total abstinence and became active in temperance circles. Their seven children were all abstainers and workers for temperance reform. The mother organized the local children's temperance organization, the ...

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Dunlop, John, of Gairbraid (1789–1868), temperance campaigner, was born in the Dellingburn district of Greenock, Renfrewshire, on 2 August 1789, the eldest of the four children of Alexander Dunlop (1766–1840), of Keppoch, Dunbartonshire, merchant and banker, and his first wife, Janet, née Graham (1769–1795)...

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Gough, John Bartholomew (1817–1886), temperance lecturer, was born at Sandgate, Kent, on 22 August 1817. His father was a foot soldier of the 40th and 52nd regiments, pensioned in 1823 because of a neck injury. Gough was educated first by his mother, who was the village schoolmistress for twenty years, and later (...

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Haughton, James (1795–1873), social reformer and temperance activist, son of Samuel Pearson Haughton (1748–1828) and Mary, daughter of James Pim of Rushin, Queen's county, Ireland, was born in Carlow on 5 May 1795. He was educated at Ballitore, co. Kildare, from 1807 to 1810, under ...

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Hayler, Guy (1850–1943), temperance advocate, was born, of Huguenot descent, on 5 November 1850 at 3 Market Green, Battle, Sussex, the youngest son of George Hayler, a Chartist tailor of Battle, and his wife, Mary Wood Brignall, eldest daughter of John Brignall of ...