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Abbot, Charles (1761–1817), botanist and entomologist, was born on 24 March 1761. He was educated at Winchester College and matriculated at New College, Oxford, in 1779, gaining his BA in 1783. He was a fellow of the college between 1781 and 1788, was awarded his MA in 1787, and his DD in 1802. He held the life-appointment of usher at ...

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Adam, Robert Moyes (1885–1967), photographer and botanist, was born on 1 January 1885 at the Evangelical Union manse, Carluke, Lanarkshire, Scotland, the son of John Adam (1841–c.1916), minister in the Evangelical Union church, and Isabella Adam (née Moyes). He was to become a botanist at the ...

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Allman, William (1776–1846), botanist, was born on 7 February 1776 at Kingston, Jamaica, the son of Thomas Allman. His mother was a native of Waterford, Ireland. Before William was four his parents returned to Ireland, and he was educated in Waterford. In 1792 he entered ...

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Alston, Charles (1685–1760), physician and botanist, was born on 24 October 1685 at Eddlewood, in the parish of Hamilton, Lanarkshire, the third son of Thomas Alston (d. 1703), a physician of Thrinacre Milne and Eddlewood. According to family tradition his paternal ancestors came from ...

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Anderson, Alexander (1748?–1811), botanist, was born in Scotland of unknown parents and attended Edinburgh University but did not graduate, later working at the Physic Garden at Chelsea under William Forsyth. In December 1774 he joined his brother in New York and served both there and in ...

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James Britten

revised by Ray Desmond

Anderson, Thomas (1832–1870), botanist, was born in Edinburgh on 26 February 1832, the eldest son of Thomas Anderson, secretary of the National Bank of Scotland, and his wife, Jane Cleghorn. His younger brother was the zoologist John Anderson (1833–1900). He was educated at the ...

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Arber [née Robertson], Agnes (1879–1960), botanist, was born at 26 Regent's Park Road, London, on 23 February 1879, the eldest child of Henry Robert Robertson (1839–1921), an artist, and Agnes Lucy Turner, a descendant of Robert Chamberlain (d. 1798), ceramicist, of ...

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James Britten

revised by Richard Drayton

Arnott, George Arnott Walker (1799–1868), botanist, was born at Edinburgh on 6 February 1799, the son of David Walker Arnott. He spent his early years at Edenshead and Arlary, on the borders of Fife and Kinross. In 1807 he went to Edinburgh high school...

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Eric Ashby, Baron Ashby (1904–1992) by Ruskin Spear, 1960 in the collection of Queen's University Belfast

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Ashby, Eric, Baron Ashby (1904–1992), botanist and university administrator, was born on 24 August 1904 at 12 Fairlop Road, north Leyton, London, the eldest of three sons of Herbert Charles Ashby, commercial clerk (and later accountant), and his wife, Helëna Maria, née Chater...

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Atherstone, William Guybon (1814–1898), medical practitioner, botanist, and geologist, was born on 27 May 1814 at Zion Hill, Nottingham, the eldest of eight children of John Atherstone (1791–1855), physician and surgeon, and his first wife, Elizabeth (1781/2–1838), daughter of William Damant of Lamas...

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Anna Atkins (1799–1871) by unknown photographer, 1861 © reserved

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Atkins [née Children], Anna (1799–1871), botanist and photographic artist, was born on 16 March 1799 in Tonbridge, Kent, the only child of John George Children (1777–1852), scientist, and his wife, Hester Anne Holwell (d. 1800). Some aspects of her early life are suggested in her pseudo-anonymous biography of her father, but otherwise little is known. ...

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Audus, Leslie John (1911–2011), botanist and plant physiologist, was born on 9 December 1911 in Beck Road, Isleham, Cambridgeshire, the only child of Robert Audus (1886–1953), journeyman carpenter, and his wife, Hannah Lavinia, née Curtis (1887–1973), dressmaker and seamstress. He was educated at ...

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Babington, (Charles) Cardale (1808–1895), botanist and archaeologist, was born on 23 November 1808, at Ludlow, Shropshire, the son of Joseph Babington (1768–1826), at that time a physician, and Catherine, daughter of John Whitter of Bradninch, Devon. The historian Lord Macaulay was his first cousin. His father having taken holy orders, ...

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Baker, John Gilbert (1834–1920), botanist, was born on 13 January 1834 at Guisborough, Yorkshire, the son of John Baker, draper and grocer, and his wife, Mary Gilbert. In August 1834 his parents moved to Thirsk, Yorkshire, and opened a shop. In 1843 he became a pupil at the Quaker school in ...

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Balfour, Sir Andrew, first baronet (1630–1694), botanist and antiquary, was born at Balfour Castle, Denmiln, Fife, on 18 January 1630, the fifth and youngest son in the large family of Sir Michael Balfour and his wife, Jane or Joanna (d. 1640), daughter of ...