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Arthur Aikin (1773–1854) by William Brockedon, 1826 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Aikin, Arthur (1773–1854), natural scientist and author, was born on 19 May 1773 at Warrington, Lancashire, the eldest son of John Aikin (1747–1822) and his wife, Martha (c.1746–1830), daughter of Arthur Jennings of Cheapside, London. His brothers were Charles Rochemont Aikin...

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Ainsworth, William Francis (1807–1896), geographer and geologist, was born on 9 November 1807, in Exeter, the third son of John Ainsworth of Rostherne, Cheshire, army officer. At the suggestion of his cousin, the novelist William Harrison Ainsworth, he adopted the additional forename Francis...

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[Anon.]

revised by Anita McConnell

Allan, Thomas (1777–1833), mineralogist, was born at Edinburgh on 17 July 1777, the eldest of ten children born to Robert Allan (1745–1818), a partner in Allan and Stewart, bankers and merchants, and proprietor of the Caledonian Mercury, and his wife, Anne, daughter of ...

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Allen, Percival [Perce] (1917–2008), geologist and sedimentologist, was born on 15 March 1917 into a large family in Brede, near Hastings, Sussex, the son of Norman William Allen, grocer and draper, and his wife, Mildred Kathleen, née Hoad. He was educated at Rye grammar school...

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Anderson, Tempest (1846–1913), ophthalmic surgeon and vulcanologist, was born on 7 December 1846 at 17 Stonegate, York, the elder son and eldest of the three children of William Charles Anderson, surgeon of York, and his wife, Sarah Ellen Hall. Educated at St Peter's School, York...

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Ansted, David Thomas (1814–1880), geologist, was born on 5 February 1814 in London, the son of William Ansted. He was educated at a private school, and at Jesus College, Cambridge, where he graduated BA in 1836 and was elected a fellow in 1840. He was appointed professor of geology at ...

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William Joscelyn Arkell (1904–1958) by Walter Stoneman Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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L. R. Cox

revised by J. H. Callomon

Arkell, William Joscelyn (1904–1958), geologist, was born in Highworth, Wiltshire, on 9 June 1904, the youngest of a family of seven of James Arkell, brewer, and his wife, a talented artist, Laura Jane, daughter of Augustus William Rixon, a London solicitor. From an early age ...

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Artis, Edmund Tyrell (bap. 1789, d. 1847), geologist and archaeologist, was baptized on 11 September 1789 in Saxmundham, Suffolk, the eldest in the family of three sons and three daughters of James Artis, carpenter, and his wife, Mary Tyrell Watling. Little is known of his childhood, though it is said he developed a talent for drawing at an early age. At sixteen he went to work for his uncle, a ...

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Atherstone, William Guybon (1814–1898), medical practitioner, botanist, and geologist, was born on 27 May 1814 at Zion Hill, Nottingham, the eldest of eight children of John Atherstone (1791–1855), physician and surgeon, and his first wife, Elizabeth (1781/2–1838), daughter of William Damant of Lamas...

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Auden, John Bicknell (1903–1991), geologist, was born on 14 December 1903 at 54 Bootham, York, the second of three sons of George Augustus Auden (1872–1957), a medical doctor, and his wife, Constance Rosalie, formerly Bicknell (1869–1941). The poet Wystan Hugh Auden (1907–1973) was his younger brother. ...

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Auldjo, John (1805–1886), geologist and alpinist, was born on 26 July 1805 in Montreal, the eldest in the family of two sons and one daughter of Alexander Auldjo (d. 1821), born in Aberdeen but then a partner in Maitland, Gardner, and Auldjo...

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Henry Haversham Godwin- Austen (1834–1923) by Maull & Fox The Royal Geographical Society, London

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Kenneth Mason

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Austen, Henry Haversham Godwin- (1834–1923), explorer and geologist, was born at Teignmouth on 6 July 1834, the eldest son of Robert Alfred Cloyne Godwin-Austen (1808–1884), geologist, of Shalford House, near Guildford, Surrey, and his wife, Maria Elizabeth (d. 1904), only daughter of ...

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G. C. Boase

revised by Yolanda Foote

Austen, Robert Alfred Cloyne Godwin- (1808–1884), geologist, was born at Shalford House, Guildford, Surrey, on 17 March 1808, the eldest son of Sir Henry Edmund Austen (1785–1871), and his first wife, Anne Amelia (d. 1839), only daughter of Robert Spearman Bate of the ...

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J. F. Payne

revised by John C. Thackray

Babington, William (1756–1833), physician and mineralogist, the son of a clergyman, was born on 21 May 1756 at Portglenone, near Coleraine, co. Antrim, Ireland. After being apprenticed to a practitioner at Londonderry, he completed his medical education at Guy's Hospital, London, but did not take a medical degree. In 1777 he was made assistant surgeon to the ...

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Bagnold, Ralph Alger (1896–1990), soldier and geomorphologist, was born on 3 April 1896 at the Manor House, Stoke, Devonport, the second of two children born to Major Arthur Henry Bagnold (1854–1943) of the Royal Engineers, and Ethel (1866–1931), the daughter of William Henry Alger...

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Bailey, Sir Edward Battersby (1881–1965), geologist, was born in Marsden, Kent, on 1 July 1881, the third of six sons of James Battersby Bailey, medical practitioner, and his wife, Louise Florence, daughter of Isaac Carr, a Cumberland farmer. Bailey was educated at Kendal grammar school...

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Baillie, Charles William (1844–1899), inventor of the Baillie sounder and marine meteorologist, was born in Greenwich, Kent, the eldest son of Henry Robert Baillie (1808/9–1882), a master of the nautical school in Greenwich, and his wife, Isabella, née Haselar. He entered the Royal Navy...