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Abel, Charles William (1862–1930), missionary, was born at 509 Oxford Street, Bloomsbury, London, on 25 September 1862, the youngest of three sons of William Edward Abel, a cashier at Mudie's Circulating Library, and his wife, Harriett Agnes, née Dobson. He was brought up in his parents' Congregational faith. After an education at ...

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Adalbert [St Adalbert, Adalbert Levita] (supp. fl. early 8th cent.), missionary, is associated with Willibrord and venerated at Egmont, near Alkmaar in the Netherlands. He makes his earliest appearance in a life written between 978 and 993 by monks of the monastery of ...

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Áedán [St Áedán, Aidan] (d. 651), missionary and bishop, was an Irish monk of Iona. All that is known about him comes from Bede's Historia ecclesiastica, completed in 731. King Oswald of the Northumbrians (r. 634–42) converted to Christianity while in exile from ...

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Allen, Roland (1868–1947), missionary and theologian, was born at 104 Friargate, Derby, on 29 December 1868, third son in the family of five sons and two daughters of Charles Fletcher Allen (1835–1873), curate and schoolmaster, and his wife, Priscilla, née Malpas (1839–1935). Of his brothers, ...

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Anderson, Sir (James) Norman Dalrymple (1908–1994), missionary, jurist, and writer on religion, was born on 29 September 1908 at Aldeburgh, Suffolk, the second son and last of the four children of William Dalrymple Anderson (d. 1946), grain merchant, and his wife, Lilian Maud, ...

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A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Lionel Alexander Ritchie

Anderson, John (1805–1855), missionary in India, was born on 23 May 1805 at Craig Farm, in the parish of Kirkpatrick-Durham, Kirkcudbrightshire, and was the eldest son among nine children. His father was blind and his upbringing a difficult one. He was educated at the parish school before going on to ...

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Angas, William Henry (1781–1832), mariner and missionary, was born in Newcastle upon Tyne on 6 October 1781, the son of Caleb Angas, a successful coach manufacturer, merchant, and shipowner. Angas was descended from a branch of the Scottish clan Angus, which had long since settled in ...

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Arnot, Frederick Stanley (1858–1914), missionary in Africa, was born on 12 September 1858 at his parents' home, 8 Byrnbank Terrace, Glasgow, the son of William Arnot, a merchant, and Elizabeth Helen, née Macdonald. The family moved to Hamilton in 1864, where Frederick became a playmate of ...

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Arthur, John William (1881–1952), missionary and physician, was born on 23 April 1881 in Glasgow, son of John William Arthur (1848–1921), a calico printer, and Margaret Dennistoun Sloan (1846–1917), daughter of David Sloan, a Glasgow businessman. He grew up in an atmosphere of warm evangelical piety. Already at the age of twelve he determined to be a missionary and chose to study medicine with that in mind. ...

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Arthur, William (1819–1901), missionary, was born on 3 February 1819 at Glendun, Antrim, the son of James Arthur, whose ancestors came from counties Limerick and Clare, and his wife, Margaret Kennedy, who was of Scottish and Ulster descent. He grew up in Kells, Antrim...

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Augustine [St Augustine] (d. 604), missionary and archbishop of Canterbury, was the leader of the first official Christian mission to the Anglo-Saxons. He was sent by Pope Gregory the Great, arrived in Kent in 597, and became the first archbishop of Canterbury. Nothing is known of his parentage or antecedents, beyond that he was a monk, presumably of ...

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See Ayerst, William

Article

Ayerst, William (1830–1904), Church of England clergyman and missionary, was born on 16 March 1830 at Danzig. His father, William Ayerst (1802–1883), Church of England clergyman and missionary, was born at Tenterden, Kent, on 10 April 1802, the son of William Ayerst...

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Aylward, Gladys May (1902–1970), missionary, was born on 24 February 1902 in Edmonton, Middlesex, the eldest of the three children of Thomas John Aylward, postman, and his wife, Rosina Florence Whiskin, daughter of a surgical boot maker. After receiving an elementary education, at the age of fourteen she became a shop-girl, then a children's nanny, settling finally to be a parlourmaid. She was efficient and pleasant, liked frequent moves, and served in several well-known households in the ...

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Badger, George Percy (1815–1888), Arabic scholar and missionary, was born on 6 April 1815 at Chelmsford, Essex, the son of Edward Badger, army sergeant, and his wife, Ann (d. 1844). He was brought up in Malta, where his father, a regimental schoolmaster, died during his childhood, leaving his education in a rudimentary state. His fluency in Maltese, however, laid the foundation of his later mastery of Arabic. From 1834 he worked successively for the Methodist, American protestant, and Anglican missions in ...

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Baker, Shirley Waldemar (1836–1903), missionary and prime minister of Tonga, was born in Camden Town, London. He was the son of George Baker and his wife, Jane Woolmer, daughter of a Methodist minister, who married ‘below her station’. He grew up in drab circumstances and in 1852 stowed away to ...

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Bargery, George Percy (1876–1966), missionary and Hausa scholar, was born on 1 October 1876 at 7 Oxford Terrace, St James Road, Exeter, the son of George Thomas Bargery, commercial traveller, and his wife, Ellen Dawes. Educated in Exeter and at the University of London...

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Bartlett, Daniel Henry Charles (1871–1957), Church of England clergyman and missionary society administrator, was born at 20 Camden Place, Walcot, Bath, on 28 June 1871, the seventh child of Daniel Bartlett, a wine merchant, and his wife, Constance, née Drewe. The family moved to ...

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Charlotte Fell-Smith

revised by Katherine Prior

Barton, John (1836–1908), missionary, was born at East Leigh, Havant, Hampshire, on 31 December 1836, sixth of the nine children of John Barton (1789–1852) and his wife, Fanny (d. 1842), daughter of James Rickman. After schooling at Bishop Waltham and at Cholmondeley School, Highgate, Middlesex...

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Barton, Thomas (1729/30–1780), missionary and Church of England clergyman, was born in Ireland, descended from an English family that settled there in the reign of Charles I. After graduating at Dublin University he emigrated to America, and in 1751 opened a school at ...