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Aird, William (d. 1606/7), Church of Scotland minister, worked as a mason until twenty years old. His wife, whose name is not known, taught him to read, and he later acquired Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. He studied theology for several years, probably at ...

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Thomas Johnstone

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Aiton, John (1797–1863), Church of Scotland minister and author, was born at Strathaven in June 1797, the youngest son of William Aiton (1760–1848), authority on Scottish husbandry, and Margaret Borland (d. 1820). He studied theology at Edinburgh University and was licensed by the presbytery of ...

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Anderson, George (1676/7–1756), Church of Scotland minister and author, left no record of his birth or upbringing. If he was the George Anderson who entered Glasgow University as a member of the quarta classis or Greek class in 1696–7, then his regent was ...

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Anderson, James (bap. 1679, d. 1739), Church of Scotland minister and historical writer, was born in Aberdeen and baptized on 19 January 1679 at St Nicholas's Church, Aberdeen, one of at least two sons of James Anderson and Jean Campbell. His brother was ...

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Anderson, John (1671–1721), Church of Scotland minister, was born in Edinburgh; details of his parents and childhood are unknown. He was educated at the University of Edinburgh where he graduated MA on 9 July 1688 and thereafter spent some time as a schoolmaster in the city. After serving as a tutor to ...

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Anderson, Walter (d. 1800), historian and Church of Scotland minister, was educated at the University of Edinburgh where he graduated MA on 18 March 1742. Licensed by the presbytery of Duns on 5 December 1744, he was ordained on 13 May 1756 at ...

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Arbuthnot, Alexander (1538–1583), Church of Scotland minister and college head, was the second son of Andrew Arbuthnot of Pitcarles in Kincardineshire. He himself wrote a valuable history of the Arbuthnot family, which survives as MS 2764 in Aberdeen University Library. He was educated at ...

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Arthur, Archibald (1744–1797), Church of Scotland minister and university teacher, was born on 6 September 1744 at Abbot's Inch, Renfrewshire, the eldest son of the farmer Andrew Arthur and his wife, Jean Snodgrass. After being taught at home by his parents, he attended ...

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Baillie, Donald Macpherson (1887–1954), Church of Scotland minister and theologian, was born on 5 November 1887 in the Free Church manse at Gairloch, Ross-shire, the second son of the Revd John Baillie (1829–1891), Free Church minister of Gairloch, and his wife, Annie Macpherson (...

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Lady Grisell Baillie (1822–1891) by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson, 1843–8 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baillie, Lady Grisell (1822–1891), Church of Scotland deaconess, was born on 4 April 1822 at Mellerstain, near Kelso, the youngest of the eleven children of George Baillie (1763–1841) of Jerviswoode, MP for Berwickshire, and his wife, Mary, the youngest daughter of Sir James Pringle, bt...

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Baillie, John (1886–1960), theologian and Church of Scotland minister, was born on 26 March 1886 in the Free Church manse at Gairloch, Scotland, the eldest of the three sons of John Baillie (1829–1891), Free Church of Scotland minister, and his wife, Annie Macpherson (1853–1932)...

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Baillie, Robert (1602–1662), Church of Scotland minister and author, son of James Baillie (d. before 1631), merchant burgess of Glasgow, and Helen Gibson (d. 1634), was born in Saltmarket Street, Glasgow, on 30 April 1602. He attended Glasgow grammar school and between 1617 and 1620 the ...

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Baird, George Husband (1761–1840), Church of Scotland minister and university principal, was a native of the parish of Bo'ness on the Forth, Linlithgowshire, where his father, a landed gentleman of Stirlingshire, rented a farm from the duke of Hamilton. Born on 13 July 1761 at ...

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Baird, John (1799–1861), Church of Scotland minister, was born at Eccles, Berwickshire, on 17 February 1799, the eldest son of the Revd James Baird, who was successively minister of Legertwood, Eccles, and Swinton, all in Berwickshire. John Baird was educated at the grammar schools of ...

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Balcanquhall, Walter (1548/9–1616), Church of Scotland minister, was associated with the place name of Balcanquhal in the parish of Strathmiglo, Fife. Although Archbishop Patrick Adamson of St Andrews accused him in 1584 of 'small educatioun in learning' (Calderwood, 4.84), ...

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Bannerman, Patrick (1715–1798), Church of Scotland minister and writer on religious and civil liberties, was born at Inveravon, the son of James Bannerman (1670–1758), minister of Inveravon and then of Forglen, Banffshire, and his wife, Ann Cunningham (d. 1758), a minister's daughter. Educated at ...

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Barclay, John (1733–1798), Church of Scotland minister and founder of the Berean church, was born in Muthill, Perthshire, in March 1733, the son of Ludovick Barclay, a farmer and miller, and his wife, Martha MacInnes. He proceeded from the village school to the ...

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Thomas Barclay (1792–1873) by Thomas Annan, pubd 1871 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barclay, Thomas (1792–1873), Church of Scotland minister and university principal, was born at Unst, in Shetland, in June 1792, the youngest of the five sons of James Barclay (1745–1793), the minister of the parish, and his wife, Ursula, daughter of William Archibald, James Barclay's...