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Abercromby, James (1707–1775), colonial agent and politician, was baptized on 24 August 1708 at Alloa, Clackmannanshire, the third son of Alexander Abercromby (d. 1753), MP for Clackmannanshire in the Scottish parliament, and Mary (b. c.1680), daughter of Alexander Duff of ...

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John Adams (1735–1826) by Gilbert Stuart, c. 1800–15 Gift of Mrs. Robert Homans, Photograph © 2004 Board of Trustees, National Gallery of Art, Washington

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Adams, John (1735–1826), president of the United States of America, was born on 19 October 1735, in the north parish (in 1792 named Quincy) of Braintree, Suffolk county, Massachusetts, the eldest child of ‘Deacon’ John Adams (1692–1761), a local farmer, shoemaker, and office-holder, and his wife, ...

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Samuel Adams (1722–1803) by John Singleton Copley, c. 1772 Copyright 2004 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Deposited by the City of Boston

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Adams, Samuel (1722–1803), revolutionary politician in America, was born on 27 September 1722, one of three children (who survived to adulthood) of Samuel Adams (1689–1748) of Boston and his wife, Mary, née Fifield (d. after 1748). Adams inherited his political activism from his father, a brewer and member of the ...

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Allen, Ethan (1738–1789), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 10 January 1738 in Litchfield, Connecticut, the eldest of the seven children of Joseph Allen (1708–1755) and Mary Baker (1708–1774), farmers. The Allen family lived in what was then a frontier region of ...

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Allen, William (1704–1780), landowner and politician in America, was born on 5 August 1704 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to William Allen (d. c.1725), merchant, and his wife, known only by her maiden name, Budd. They were Presbyterians from Dungannon, Tyrone, to whom ...

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Ashe, John (1725–1781), revolutionary politician in America, was born on 24 March 1725 in Beaufort county, North Carolina, the eldest son of John Baptista Ashe (d. 1734), and his wife, Elizabeth Swann. His father, a lawyer and member of the governor's council, owned extensive property in ...

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Ashe, Samuel (1725–1813), politician and judge in the United States of America, was born near Bath, Beaufort county, North Carolina, the son of John Baptista Ashe (d. 1734), a native of Wiltshire and a lawyer, and Elizabeth Swann (d. 1729). At the time of ...

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Bacon, Nathaniel (1647–1676), politician in Virginia, was born on 2 January 1647, the son of Sir Thomas Bacon of Friston Hall, Suffolk. His mother's name has been given as Elizabeth Brooke but this seems to be a mistaken identification. He attended St Catharine's College, Cambridge...

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Josiah Bartlett (1729–1795) by John Trumbull, 1790 New Hampshire Historical Society

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Bartlett, Josiah (1729–1795), physician and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 21 November 1729 in Amesbury, Massachusetts, the seventh and youngest child of Stephen Bartlett, a shoemaker, and his wife, Hannah Webster. Josiah had little schooling before being apprenticed to a relative, ...

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Benjamin, Judah Philip (1811–1884), barrister and politician in the United States of America, was born on 11 August 1811. His parents, Philip and Rebecca Benjamin, London shopkeepers, were Sephardic Jews of British nationality, who, in 1807, sailed from England to make their home across the ...

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Bland, Richard (1710–1776), revolutionary politician in America, was born on 6 May 1710 in Williamsburg, Virginia, the eldest son of Richard Bland (1665–1720) and his second wife, Elizabeth Randolph (d. 1720). Sometimes known as ‘the Antiquary’ for his extensive knowledge of legal and constitutional history, ...

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Bordley, Thomas (c. 1683–1726), lawyer and politician in America, was born in the parish of St Hilda, South Shields, co. Durham, the youngest son among the four children of the Revd Stephen Bordley (d. 1695), vicar of St Hilda's, and his wife, ...

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James Bowdoin (1726–1790) by Robert Feke, 1748 Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, Maine, Bequest of Mrs Sarah Bowdoin Dearborn

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Bowdoin, James (1726–1790), merchant and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 7 August 1726 in Boston, Massachusetts, the youngest child of James Bowdoin (1676–1747), a prosperous merchant and landowner, and his second wife, Hannah Portage (d. 1734). Known in his youth as ...

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Brattle, William (1706–1776), colonial politician and army officer in America, was born on 18 April 1706 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the only surviving son of Congregational minister William Brattle (1662–1717) [see under Brattle, Thomas], of that town, and Elizabeth Hayman (1676–1715). His parents were both natives of ...

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Brown, John (1736–1803), merchant and politician in the United States of America, was born on 27 January 1736 in Providence, Rhode Island, the third son of James Brown (1698–1739) merchant and shipowner, and Hope Power (1702–1792). John Brown was a member of a distinguished ...

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Bryan, George (1731–1791), merchant and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 11 August 1731 in Dublin, the fourth of eight children, and eldest son, of Samuel Bryan, merchant, and his wife, Sarah Dennis. His parents were Irish Presbyterians. In 1752 his father thought him sufficiently schooled in trade and sent him to ...