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Brocklesby, Richard (1722–1797), physician, was the only son of Richard Brocklesby (d. c.1763), of Cork, and his wife, Mary Alloway, of Minehead, Somerset, in which town Brocklesby was born on 11 August 1722. He received his early education in his father's house and, as both parents were Quakers, he was sent at the age of twelve to a Quaker school at ...

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Cline, Henry (1750–1827), surgeon, born in London, was educated at Merchant Taylors' School, London. His sister, Frances, was the mother of the surgeon Joseph Henry Green (1791–1863). At the age of seventeen Cline was apprenticed to Thomas Smith, one of the surgeons to ...

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Maker: David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson

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George Combe (1788–1858) by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson, 1843 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Combe [Comb], George (1788–1858), phrenologist, was born in Livingstone Yards, Edinburgh, on 21 October 1788, one of the seventeen children of George Comb (d. 1815), a brewer, and Marion Newton (d. 1819), who came from a family of tenant farmers. Combe...

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Robert Edmond Grant (1793–1874) by Thomas Herbert Maguire, 1852 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Grant, Robert Edmond (1793–1874), comparative anatomist and transmutationist, was born in Edinburgh on 11 November 1793. He was the seventh son in the family of twelve sons and two daughters of Alexander Grant (d. 1808), a wealthy writer to the signet, and ...

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Hunter, William (1718–1783), physician, anatomist, and man-midwife, was born on 23 May 1718 at Long Calderwood, East Kilbride, Lanarkshire, the seventh of ten children of John Hunter (d. 1741), farmer, and Agnes (d. 1751), a woman of wide education, daughter of ...

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Maker: Allan Ramsay

William Hunter (1718–1783) by Allan Ramsay, c. 1764 © Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow

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Maker: David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson

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Robert Knox (1791–1862) by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Knox, Robert (1791–1862), anatomist and ethnologist, descended from a family of Kirkcudbright tenant farmers who claimed kinship with the ancient family of Ranfurly in Renfrewshire, which included the reformer John Knox, was the eighth child and fifth son of Robert Knox (d...

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Minor, William Chester (1834–1920), military surgeon, asylum inmate, and contributor to the Oxford English Dictionary, was born on 21 June 1834 at Manepay, Ceylon, the elder child of Eastman Strong Minor (1809–1867), printer and Congregational missionary of Milford, Connecticut, and his first wife, ...

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Morgan, Thomas (1671/2?–1743), theological and medical writer, was of Welsh origin and is said to have been 'a poor lad in a farmer's house' ( Protestant Dissenter's Magazine, 258) near Bridgwater, Somerset. Of his parents nothing is known. In his youth he showed enough promise for a dissenting minister, ...

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Schomberg [Schamberg, Chambers], Meyer Löw (1690–1761), physician, born in Vetzburg (or Fetzburg), Württemberg, Germany, was probably the eldest son of Löw Schomberg, a physician of that town. Schomberg entered the University of Giessen, studied classics, then medicine, and completed his MD degree in 1710. His brothers, ...