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Sir George Edmond Brackenbury Abell (1904–1989) by Walter Bird, 1964 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Abell, Sir George Edmond Brackenbury (1904–1989), administrator in India, was born on 22 June 1904 in Sanderstead, Surrey, the eldest in the family of two sons and two daughters of George Foster Abell, director of Lloyds Bank, and his wife, Jessie Elizabeth Brackenbury...

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Abercromby, James (1707–1775), colonial agent and politician, was baptized on 24 August 1708 at Alloa, Clackmannanshire, the third son of Alexander Abercromby (d. 1753), MP for Clackmannanshire in the Scottish parliament, and Mary (b. c.1680), daughter of Alexander Duff of ...

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Abercromby, Sir Robert (1740?–1827), army officer and administrator in India, son of George Abercromby (1705–1800) of Tullibody and his wife, Mary, née Dundas (d. 1767), was baptized at his family's Scottish estate, Menstrie, near Tullibody, in Clackmannanshire, on 13 October 1740, which was possibly also the day of his birth. He came from one of those Scottish landed families that were to play an important role in British military and imperial history over the next two centuries. ...

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Acheson, Archibald, second earl of Gosford (1776–1849), governor-in-chief of British North America, was born on 1 August 1776, the eldest son of Arthur Acheson, first earl of Gosford, and his wife, Millicent, the daughter of Lieutenant-General Edward Pole, of Radbourne in Derbyshire. He entered ...

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Adam, John (1779–1825), administrator in India, was the eldest son of William Adam (1751–1839) and Eleanora Elphinstone (1749–1808), second daughter of Charles, tenth Baron Elphinstone. His brothers included Charles Adam, naval officer, and Frederick William Adam, who served in the army. He was born in ...

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William Patrick Adam (1823–1881) by John Moffat © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Adam, William Patrick (1823–1881), politician and administrator in India, was the elder son of Admiral Sir Charles Adam (1780–1853) of Blairadam, Kinross. His mother was Elizabeth (d. 1871), daughter of Patrick Brydone, FRS. Born at Ancrum, Roxburghshire, on 14 September 1823, Adam...

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Agnew, Patrick Alexander Vans (1822–1848), East India Company servant, was born at Raipur in Chhattisgarh in central India on 21 April 1822, the second son of Patrick Vans Agnew (1783–1842), lieutenant-colonel in the Madras army and afterwards a director of the East India Company...

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Aitchison, Sir Charles Umpherston (1832–1896), administrator in India, born in Edinburgh on 20 May 1832, was the son of Hugh Aitchison of that city, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Umpherston of Loanhead, near Edinburgh. He was educated at Edinburgh high school...

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Du Pre Alexander, second earl of Caledon (1777–1839) by Charles Turner, pubd 1840 (after Richard Rothwell) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alexander, Du Pre, second earl of Caledon (1777–1839), politician and colonial administrator, was born on 14 December 1777, the only son of James Alexander (1730–1802), first earl of Caledon, of Caledon Castle, co. Tyrone, and his wife, Anne (d. 1777), daughter of ...

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William Pitt Amherst, first Earl Amherst of Arracan (1773–1857) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1821 Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Amherst, William Pitt, first Earl Amherst of Arracan (1773–1857), diplomatist and governor-general of Bengal, was born on 14 January 1773 in Bath, the first of three children of Lieutenant-General William Amherst (1732–1781), aide-de-camp to the king, governor of St John's, Newfoundland, and adjutant-general of the army, and his wife, ...

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Anderson, David (1751–1825), East India Company servant, was born in Edinburgh on 10 February 1751, the second of the eight children of David Anderson (1707–1786), writer to the signet, and his wife, Mary (d. 1781), daughter of John Mitchelson of Middleton, Edinburghshire...

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A. M. Clerke

revised by Philip Carter

Anderson, George (1760–1796), colonial official and writer, was born at Weston Turville, Buckinghamshire, in November 1760, the son of William Anderson, labourer. George Anderson also worked on the land from an early age. At the same time he showed an interest in and a remarkable talent for mathematical studies; in 1777 he sent in a series of solutions to problems that had appeared in the ...

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Anderson, Sir George William (1791–1857), East India Company servant and colonial governor, was born in London, the son of Robert Anderson, a London merchant. He was educated at the East India College, Haileybury, and joined the Bombay establishment of the East India Company...

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Sir John Anderson (1858–1918) by Walter Stoneman, 1900–09 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, Sir John (1858–1918), civil servant and colonial governor, was born on 23 January 1858 at the Free School, Gartly, Aberdeenshire, the only son among the five children of John Anderson, schoolmaster and later superintendent of the Gordon Mission, Aberdeen, and his wife, ...

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Sir Edmund Andros (1637–1714) by unknown artist Bequest of Henry Lee Shattuck in memory of Morris Gray, © 2004 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston