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Angus, Robert (1835/6–1923), coal- and ironmaster, was probably born at New Monkland, Lanarkshire, the eldest son of James Angus, a labourer and engine-keeper, and Margaret Young. His parents married in November 1835, and Angus may have been conceived, or even born, before the marriage. Educated at ...

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Arthur H. Grant

revised by Iain F. Russell

Baird, James (1802–1876), ironmaster and philanthropist, was born at Kirkwood in Lanarkshire on 5 December 1802, the fourth son of Alexander Baird (d. 1833), farmer, and Jean, the daughter of James Moffat. He attended the Old Monkland parish school, and may have attended classes at ...

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See Cadell family

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Colville family (per. 1861–1916), iron- and steelmasters, came to prominence with David [i] Colville (1811/12–1898), who was baptized in Campbeltown, Argyll, on 17 February 1813, the eleventh and last child of Robert Colvill [sic] and his wife, Janet Mitchell...

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See Colville family

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See Colville family

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Sir John Craig (1874–1957) by Walter Stoneman, 1946 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Walter Taplin

revised by Peter L. Payne

Craig, Sir John (1874–1957), steel manufacturer, was born at Clydesdale, New Stevenston, Lanarkshire, on 11 December 1874, the fourth son of Thomas Craig, a furnaceman at David Colville's Dalzell ironworks, Motherwell, and his wife, Elizabeth Wilson. He was educated at Dalziel public school, Motherwell...

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Edington, Thomas (1742–1811), ironmaster and merchant, about whose early life little is known, joined the Carron Company about March 1764 as a travelling salesman. Apart from selling Carron's products, Edington served as the eyes and ears of the company in other iron-working districts. ...

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Ebenezer Elliott (1781–1849) by unknown artist, c. 1840 Rotherham Libraries Museums and Arts Service

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Elliott, Ebenezer [called the Corn Law Rhymer] (1781–1849), poet and bar-iron merchant, was born on 17 March 1781 in the new foundry of Masbrough in the parish of Rotherham, Yorkshire, one of eleven children (of whom eight reached maturity) of Ebenezer Elliott (...

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See Foley family

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Galloway, John (1804–1894), iron-founder and engineer, was born on 14 February 1804 at his father's house, 37 Lombard Street, Manchester, the second son of William Galloway (1768–1836) and his wife, Elizabeth. His father had moved to Manchester in 1790 from Coldstream, his birthplace, and by the time ...

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Garbett, Samuel (1717–1803), industrialist and ironmaster, was born in humble circumstances in Birmingham; nothing else is known about his early life. In August 1735 he married Anne Clay (d. 1772) of Aston. They had four children, two of whom died in infancy. ...

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Sir Ian Kinloch MacGregor (1912–1998) by David Mansell, 1984 Getty Images – David Mansell

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MacGregor, Sir Ian Kinloch (1912–1998), metallurgical engineer and industrialist, was born on 21 September 1912 at The Bungalow, Kinlochleven, Argyll, the third son of Daniel MacGregor, a works accountant, and his wife, Grace Alexanderina, née Fraser Maclean, a schoolteacher. His parents were leading lights in the ...

Article

G. G. Smith

revised by M. J. Mercer

Mitchel, William (1670–1740?), tinsmith and pamphleteer, was born in Scotland but nothing is known of his early life. In or about 1696 he moved to Edinburgh and took up residence in the Bowhead. There he earned a living as a tinsmith and by superintending the lighting of the town lamps. ...