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Martin, Claude (1735–1800), army officer in the East India Company and philanthropist, was born in the rue de la Palme, Lyons, France, on 4 January 1735, son of Fleury Martin (1708–1755), vinegar maker, and his wife, Anne Vaginay (1702–1735), butcher's daughter. At his parish school he excelled in mathematics and physics. Although apprenticed in 1749 to a local silk weaver, ...