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Aitken [Atkine], James (1612/13–1687), bishop of Galloway, was born in Kirkwall, Orkney, the third son of Henry Aitken, commissary and sheriff of Orkney and Shetland, and Elizabeth Buchanan. He attended Kirkwall grammar school before moving on to the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated MA on 23 July 1636. During the next two turbulent years of the covenanting revolution he completed his formal education at ...

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Bruce, Alexander (d. 1729), lawyer, was the second son of Andrew Bruce (d. 1696) of Earlshall, Fife, and his cousin and second wife, Anna, daughter of Robert Bruce, minister of Ballingry, Fife, and Anna, daughter of George Seaton. He may have been the ...

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Cranston, Andrew (d. 1708), creator of a public library, was born in the late 1650s in Scotland to unknown parents. He was perhaps connected to the lords Cranstoun, for the descendants of his only known brother, James, assumed the same coat of arms. There is a volume in his library inscribed to him from ...

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Simon Fraser, eleventh Lord Lovat (1667/88–1747) by William Hogarth, pubd 1746 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fraser, Simon, eleventh Lord Lovat (1667/8–1747), Jacobite conspirator, army officer, and outlaw, was the second but first surviving son of Thomas Fraser (1631–1699), sometimes styled 'of Beaufort' (the third son of Hugh Fraser, seventh Lord Lovat), and Sybilla Macleod (...

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Alexander Henderson (c. 1583–1646) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, c. 1641 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Henderson, Alexander (c. 1583–1646), Church of Scotland minister and politician, was born about 1583 in Criech, Fife, probably in or near the village of Luthrie, since he left 2000 merks to the village school in his will. He was possibly the son of ...

Article

Alastair J. Durie and Stuart Handley

Home, Henry, Lord Kames (1696–1782), judge and writer, was born at Kames, near Duns, Berwickshire, the first son of George Home of Kames (d. 1741) and his wife, Agnes (b. 1675), daughter of John Walkinshaw of Barrowfield, near Glasgow. His father was an impecunious border laird, much burdened by debt and a large family (by 1715 he had nine children). ...

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Colin Lindsay, third earl of Balcarres (1652–1721) by John Riley private collection; photograph © National Galleries of Scotland

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Lindsay, Colin, third earl of Balcarres (1652–1721), politician and Jacobite sympathizer, was baptized at Kilconquhar, Fife, on 23 August 1652, the fourth and youngest (but second surviving) son of Alexander Lindsay, first earl of Balcarres (1618–1659), and his wife, Anna Mackenzie (c. 1621–1707)...

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Sir George Mackenzie of Rosehaugh (1636/16381638–1691) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, in or before 1686 in the collection of the Faculty of Advocates; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Mackenzie, Sir George, of Rosehaugh (1636/1638–1691), lawyer and politician, was born in Dundee either in 1636, as most sources assert, or in 1638, as his own works suggest. He was the eldest son of Simon Mackenzie (d. 1666) of Lochslin and his first wife, ...

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Charles Middleton, styled second earl of Middleton and Jacobite first earl of Monmouth (1649/5050–1719) by Nicholas Dixon, c. 1665–70 © Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

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Middleton, Charles, styled second earl of Middleton and Jacobite first earl of Monmouth (1649/50–1719), politician, was the youngest of the three surviving children of John Middleton, first earl of Middleton (c. 1608–1674), soldier and politician, and his first wife, Grizel (d. 1666)...

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Ramsay, Andrew (1574–1659), Church of Scotland minister, was born at Fettercairn, the youngest son of David Ramsay of Balmain, Kincardineshire, and Katherine Carnegie, daughter of Sir Robert Carnegie of Kinnaird, Perthshire. He was educated at Marischal College, Aberdeen, whence he graduated MA. In common with many of his contemporaries ...

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Ramsay, James (c. 1624–1696), bishop of Ross, was born in Irvine, the son of Robert Ramsay (c.1598–1651), principal of Glasgow University, and his wife, Janet Campbell. He entered Glasgow University on 31 March 1645 and was laureated in 1647. About 1648 he married ...

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E. I. Carlyle

revised by John Durkan

Sharp, Patrick (d. 1615), theologian, was apparently related to the Sharps of Houstoun. He is first recorded in 1574, when he was made master of Glasgow grammar school. His previous education is unknown, but he may have been qualified in theology already. While in this position he was brought into frequent contact with ...

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Symson [Simson], Andrew (c. 1638–1712), Church of Scotland minister and printer, was the youngest son of Andrew Symson (b. c.1601), author of a Lexicon Anglo-Graeco-Latinum (1658) and of several Biblical commentaries. Probably born in England, Symson attended the high school of ...