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Amrit Kaur [Rajkumari Amrit Kaur] (1889–1964), politician and advocate of women's rights, was born on 2 February 1889 at Kapurthala Palace, Lucknow. She was the only daughter among the six children of Sir Harnam Singh (1851–1930), youngest son of Sir Raja Randher Singh Bahadur...

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Archer, Georgina (1827–1882), promoter of women's education, was born on 27 September 1827 in Edinburgh, the youngest of the four children of Andrew Archer, dentist, and his wife, Ann, née Cunningham. The family consisted of two sons and two daughters. The eldest, James Archer (1822–1904)...

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Arthur [née Glen], Jane (1827–1907), advocate of women's rights and benefactor, was born at Broomlands, Paisley, Renfrewshire, on 18 November 1827, the third of five children of Thomas Glen (c.1798–1886), baker and grain merchant, and his wife, Janet. Throughout her adult life, ...

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Auld [née Jardine; other married name Marshall], Mary (1893–1984), local politician and women's organizer, was born on 8 July 1893 in Main Street, Lockerbie, Dumfriesshire, the fourth child of seven born to Francis Jardine, clog maker, and his wife, Agnes Wallace. She attended ...

Article

Arthur H. Grant

revised by Iain F. Russell

Baird, James (1802–1876), ironmaster and philanthropist, was born at Kirkwood in Lanarkshire on 5 December 1802, the fourth son of Alexander Baird (d. 1833), farmer, and Jean, the daughter of James Moffat. He attended the Old Monkland parish school, and may have attended classes at ...

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Bannerman, Patrick (1715–1798), Church of Scotland minister and writer on religious and civil liberties, was born at Inveravon, the son of James Bannerman (1670–1758), minister of Inveravon and then of Forglen, Banffshire, and his wife, Ann Cunningham (d. 1758), a minister's daughter. Educated at ...

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Louisa Caroline Baring, Lady Ashburton (1827–1903) by Carlo, Baron Marochetti, 1861 property of the Marquess of Northampton; Beedle & Cooper

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Baring [née Stewart-Mackenzie], Louisa Caroline, Lady Ashburton (1827–1903), art collector and philanthropist, was born at Seaforth Lodge, Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, in the Outer Hebrides, on 5 March 1827, the third daughter and sixth child of James Alexander Stewart-Mackenzie (d. 1843)...

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Baxter, Sir David, baronet (bap. 1793, d. 1872), linen manufacturer and benefactor, was born in Dundee and baptized there on 24 March 1793, the second son of William Baxter (1767–1854), linen merchant, of Balgavies, and his wife, Elisabeth (Betty) Gorell (d. 1804)...

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Beavan, Margaret (1875–1931), welfare worker and local politician, was born at 28 Bowring Street, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, Lancashire, on 1 August 1875, the eldest daughter of Jeffrey Beavan, bookkeeper and later fire insurance manager, and his wife, Ellen Catherine Williams. The Beavan children enjoyed a close family childhood in comfortable circumstances. Most of their time was spent at the family home in ...

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See Bell, Arthur

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Timothy Bennett (1676/77–1756) by James Macardell, 1752 (after G. Budd) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bennett, Timothy (1676/7–1756), cordwainer and public access campaigner, is of obscure origins; details of his birth, family, and upbringing are unknown. On 19 July 1716, at All Hallows, London Wall, he married Katherine Magitt (1673/4–1749), of Kingston upon Thames, Surrey; the parish register—which also gives his wife's name as ...

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James Blair (1655/66–1743) by Charles Bridges Muscarelle Museum of Art, College of William and Mary

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Blair, James (1655/6–1743), Church of England clergyman and founder of the College of William and Mary, was the son of Peter Blair (d. 1673), Church of Scotland minister of St Cuthbert's parish, Edinburgh, and his wife, Mary Hamilton (d. in or after 1696)...

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Blyth, Phoebe (1816–1898), educationist and philanthropist, was born at Gray Street, Newington, in Edinburgh, on 5 April 1816, the daughter of Robert Brittain Blyth, a metal merchant, and his wife, Barbara Cooper. Phoebe had a brother, the Revd Robert Blyth, who was an ardent supporter of Scottish sabbath schools. The family were active members of the ...

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G. Le G. Norgate

revised by Anita McConnell

Boyd, Sir Thomas Jamieson (1818–1902), publisher and philanthropist, was born on 22 February 1818 at 16 Charlotte Street, Leith, the eldest of three sons of John Boyd, corn merchant, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Thomas Jamieson. John Boyd's brother George Boyd was a partner with ...

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Brown, Meredith Jemima (1845/6–1908), social reformer, was the youngest daughter of the Very Revd David Brown, principal of the Free Church college, Aberdeen, and one of the revisers of the New Testament. She moved to London in the 1880s and became interested in the impoverished lives led by the factory girls living and working in the ...

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Brown, Sarah Benedict (1817/18–1902), benefactor, was the eldest child of James Brown (1791–1877) of Philadelphia, merchant, and his first wife, Louisa Kirkland Benedict. Her paternal grandfather, Alexander Brown (1764–1834), linen merchant of co. Antrim, had emigrated to the USA with his family in 1800 and settled in ...

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Byers [née Morrow], Margaret (1832–1912), educationist and temperance activist, was born in April 1832 at Windsor Hill, Rathfriland, co. Down, the fourth child and only daughter of Andrew Morrow, a noted temperance activist, and his wife, Margaret Herron. The family engaged in farming and also operated a flax mill. On the death of her father in 1840 ...