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Aveling, Edward Bibbens (1849–1898), Marxist campaigner, was born on 29 November 1849 at 6 Nelson Terrace, Stoke Newington, the fifth of eight children of Thomas William Baxter Aveling (1815–1884), Congregationalist minister, and his wife, Mary Ann (d. 1877), daughter of Thomas Goodall...

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Baume, Pierre Henri Joseph (1797–1875), radical activist and eccentric, was born at Marseilles on 17 October 1797, the son of Henri Joseph Baume (1770–1831) and Marie Claire Antoinette Merlat (1780–1837). His parents ran a wig-making shop and were inclined both to anti-clericalism and adultery. When he was still young his father moved to ...

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Bax, Ernest Belfort (1854–1926), Marxist theoretician and activist, was born at his parents' home, 27 Clarendon Square, Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, on 23 July 1854, the last of four children of Daniel Bax (d. 1882), a manufacturer, and his wife, Eleanor, daughter of ...

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Reginald Birch (1914–1994) by Harrison © News International Newspapers Ltd

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Birch [formerly Catlin-Birch], Reginald (1914–1994), trade unionist and political activist, was born Reginald Catlin-Birch on 7 June 1914 at 4 Chichester Terrace, Kilburn, London, one of the five children of Charles Catlin-Birch (d. 1928), house painter and builder, and his wife, ...

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Clementina Maria Black (1853–1922) by unknown photographer, pubd 1912 The Women's Library, London Metropolitan University

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Black, Clementina Maria (1853–1922), political activist, suffragist, and writer, was born on 27 July 1853 in Brighton, the eldest girl in the family of five daughters and three sons of David Black, solicitor, town clerk, and coroner of Brighton, and his wife, Clara Maria (1825–1875)...

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Browne, Felicia Mary (1904–1936), artist and political activist, was born at The Elms, Weston Green, Thames Ditton, Surrey, on 18 February 1904, the third daughter and the fourth of five children of Harold Browne (1875–1924), company director, who worked in his family's advertising agency, and his wife, ...

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Cole [née Postgate], Dame Margaret Isabel (1893–1980), political activist and author, was born in Cambridge on 6 May 1893, the eldest in the family of two daughters and four sons of John Percival Postgate (1853–1926), fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, and later professor of Latin at the ...

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Dash, Jack O'Brien (1907–1989), political activist and unofficial dockers' leader, was born on 23 April 1907 in Southwark, south London, the youngest of four sons of Joseph Thomas Dash, a stagehand, and his wife, Rose Gertrude Johns, an actor. According to Dash's own account, his upbringing was one of great material hardship. His mother died of tuberculosis when he was seven and his father, who then had an even greater struggle to support the family, also died of a lung complaint a few years later. After an elementary schooling, his skill at drawing led to a trial period with an engraving firm, but pressure to take home a better wage resulted in a series of menial jobs, starting in a ...

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Davies, David Richard (1889–1958), writer, political agitator, and minister of religion, was born at Pontycymer, Glamorgan, on 19 February 1889, the son of Richard Davies and his wife, Hannah. He was the youngest of four children. His father had been a miner, but had broken his back in a colliery accident before ...

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See Gaster, Moses

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Grant, Ted [real name Isaac Blank] (1913–2006), political activist, was born on 9 July 1913 in Germiston, South Africa, the son of Max Blank, a Russian Jewish immigrant, and his French wife. His parents divorced while he was still young, and his mother took in lodgers, including ...

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Hobson, Samuel George (1870–1940), political activist and journalist, was born on 4 February 1870 in Bessbrook, near Newry, Northern Ireland, one of nine children of William Hobson, a Quaker minister, and his wife, Elizabeth, a teacher. Hobson's parents were both strict observers of their religion and they moved to ...

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Howard, Peter Dunsmore (1908–1965), journalist and leader of Moral Re-Armament, was born at 8 Laburnham Road, Maidenhead, Berkshire, on 20 December 1908, when his forenames were registered as Hereward Peter. He was the elder of two sons of Ebenezer Cecil Howard (1881–1960), a preparatory school teacher who was also a non-practising barrister, and his wife, ...

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Hutt, (George) Allen (1901–1973), journalist and political activist, was born at 57 Harvist Road, Willesden, London, on 20 September 1901, the son of Edwin George Wellington Hutt, a commercial clerk and later general manager in the paper industry, and his wife, Marion de Witt...

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Hyde, Douglas Arnold (1911–1996), journalist and political activist, was born on 8 April 1911 at 43 Queen Street, Worthing, Sussex, the son of Gerald Hyde, a pastry cook and confectioner, and his wife, Alice Emily, née Shill, a dressmaker and milliner, who later became a journalist. After living in ...

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Kapp [née Mayer], Yvonne Hélène (1903–1999), writer and political activist, was born on 17 April 1903 at 170 Tulse Hill, Norwood, London, the daughter of Max Alfred Mayer (1871–1948) and his wife, Clarisse Fanny, née Bielefeld (1878–1960). Her parents were of Jewish immigrant stock: her father was a prosperous vanilla merchant and her mother enjoyed a life of leisure. ...

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Brian Paschal Keenan (1941–2008) by Martin McCullough, 1999 Martin McCullough / Rex Features

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Keenan, Brian Paschal (1941–2008), Irish republican activist, was born on 17 July 1941 in Dysert, Draperstown, co. Londonderry, the son of Henry Keenan, an accountant then serving as a warrant officer in the RAF and stationed at RAF Pocklington, Yorkshire, and his wife, ...