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Charles Freer Andrews (1871–1940) by Howard Coster, 1935 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Andrews, Charles Freer (1871–1940), author and campaigner for Indian independence, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on 12 February 1871, the second son of John Edwin Andrews, minister in the Catholic Apostolic (or Irvingite) church, and his second wife, Mary Charlotte Cartwright (1840–1914)...

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Balfour, Honor Catherine Mary (1912–2001), politician and journalist, was born on 4 August 1912 at 70 Pemberton Road, West Derby, Liverpool, the daughter of Robert Balfour, a foreign agent's managing clerk, and his wife, Sara Ellen, née Jenkins. Her father came from a family of Scottish seafarers and was unrelated to the political family bearing the same name. He served in the army during the First World War and was killed in ...

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Barnes, Leonard John (1895–1977), writer and campaigner against colonialism, was born on 21 July 1895 in London, the only son of John Albert Barnes, a senior Colonial Office civil servant, and his wife, Kate Oakeshott. He attended Colet Court preparatory school and then ...

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Barrie [formerly Barry], Michael Maltman (1842–1909), journalist and tory-Marxist, was born in Glasgow, the son of Edward Barry, a shoemaker. Little is known of his early life except that he was educated at Glasgow grammar school. In 1864 he moved to London...

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Beaumont, Augustus Hardin (1798–1838), journalist and Chartist, was born in New York on 29 August 1798, the second of three sons of Arthur Chichester Beaumont (d. 1806/7), who had been on the medical staff of the British army during the American War of Independence. His mother, whose name was ...

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Beckett, John William (1894–1964), political activist and journalist, was born at 165 King Street, Hammersmith, London, on 11 October 1894, the only son of William Beckett, master draper, and Eva Dorothy (née Salmon). He was educated at the local elementary school and ...

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Sir Ernest John Pickstone Benn, second baronet (1875–1954) by Sir William Orpen, 1928 Witt Library, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Benn, Sir Ernest John Pickstone, second baronet (1875–1954), publisher and libertarian, was born in Ferncliffe Road, Hackney, London, on 25 June 1875, the eldest child of the four sons and two daughters of Sir John Williams Benn, first baronet (1850–1922), publisher and Liberal member of ...

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Blount, Elizabeth Anne Mould de Sodington [née Elizabeth Anne Mould Williams; other married name Elizabeth Anne Mould Morgan], Lady de Sodington Blount (1850–1935), pamphlet writer and social activist, was born on 7 May 1850 at 82 Upper Stamford Street near Waterloo, Lambeth, London...

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Mary Ann Camberton Cary (1823–1893) by unknown photographer, c. 1845–55 National Archives of Canada / C-029977

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Cary [née Shadd], Mary Ann Camberton (1823–1893), schoolmistress, newspaper editor, and political activist, was born on 9 October 1823 in Wilmington, Delaware, eldest of thirteen children of Abraham Doras Shadd (1801–1882), a shoemaker, and his wife, Harriet Parnell (1806–1880). Free African Americans in a slave state, prominent in the anti-slavery and negro convention movements, her family moved to ...

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Chant [née Dibbin], Laura Ormiston (1848–1923), author and political activist, was born on 9 October 1848 at Woolaston, Gloucestershire, near Chepstow, daughter of Francis William Dibbin, civil engineer, and his wife, Sophia Ormiston. Educated at home, she later became an associate of arts at ...

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Chauhan [née Singh], Subhadra Kumari (1904–1948), poet, short-story writer, and political activist in India, was born on 16 August 1904 in Nihalpur, near Allahabad, United Provinces, India, the third of four daughters and sixth of seven children of Ramnath Singh, building contractor, and his wife, ...

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Chesterton, Arthur Kenneth (1899–1973), journalist and political activist, was born on 1 May 1899, at Krugesdorp, near Johannesburg, Transvaal republic, the only son of Arthur George Chesterton, secretary to a mining company, and his wife, Ethel Down. The novelist Gilbert Keith Chesterton was a second cousin. Educated at ...

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College [Colledge], Stephen (c. 1635–1681), poet and political activist, was born in Watford, Hertfordshire, where he married and began a family. Neither the names of his parents, nor that of his wife (who probably predeceased him), are as yet known. He saw military service during the Second Anglo-Dutch War (1665–7), when he also became acquainted with another antic poet of the Restoration, ...

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Cook, Ida [pseud. Mary Burchell] (1904–1986), author and campaigner for Jewish refugees, was born on 24 August 1904 at 37 Croft Avenue, Sunderland, the second of four children of William James Cook (1865–1959), surveyor of customs and excise, and his wife, Mary, ...

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See Cook, Ida [pseud. Mary Burchell]

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(Rupert) John Cornford (1915–1936) by Ramsey & Muspratt, 1934 [with Ray Peters] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cornford, (Rupert) John (1915–1936), poet and political activist, was born in Cambridge on 27 December 1915, the eldest son and second of the five children (three sons and two daughters) of Francis Macdonald Cornford (1874–1943), professor of ancient philosophy at Cambridge University, and his wife, ...