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John Chilembwe (c. 1870–1915) by unknown photographer [with members of his family] © reserved / London Library


Chilembwe, John (c. 1870–1915), Baptist minister and anti-colonial rebel, was probably born at Sangano, Chiradzulu, in modern Malawi, of a Yao father (reportedly called Kaundama), and a Mang'anja or Cewa slave mother (reportedly called Nyangu). Very little is known of his early life. He acquired a basic knowledge of English from one of the earliest outposts of Scottish Presbyterian missionaries. In 1892 he became ‘cook boy’ to the recently arrived independent English missionary ...


Rede, John (1614/1615–1710), Leveller and Baptist leader, was the son of Edward Rede (d. 1635), of Porton, near Idmiston, Wiltshire; details of his mother are unknown. He had three brothers, Edward, Robert, and Charles, and a sister, Jane. Rede's early life is obscure, but he was well educated, for he was subsequently described as '...