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Arneway, John (1599/1600–c. 1653), polemicist, was the third surviving son of John Arneway (d. 1622), yeoman of Peplow, Hodnet, Shropshire, and Dorothy (fl. 1599–1621), probably née Hinstocke. He had one elder sister who survived until adulthood. In 1618, aged eighteen, he matriculated at ...

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J. E. Bailey

revised by Vivienne Larminie

Askew, Egeon (1575/6–1637), Church of England clergyman, was a native of Lancashire. His family originated from Mulcaster, Cumberland, and lived subsequently at Kirby Ireleth, Lancashire, where Thomas Askew, probably Egeon's younger brother, was instituted vicar in 1606. Having matriculated from Queen's College, Oxford...

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Czira [née Gifford], Sidney [pseud. John Brennan] (1889–1974), journalist and Irish republican activist, was born at 8 Temple Villas, Palmerston Road, Rathmines, Dublin, on 3 August 1889, the youngest daughter and youngest of the twelve children (six boys and six girls) of ...

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Fisher, Edward (b. 1611/12, d. in or after 1656), political and religious controversialist, was the eldest son of Sir Edward Fisher (d. 1654), knight, of Mickleton, Gloucestershire, and his wife, Maria (d. 1642), daughter of Sir Thomas Challoner. On 25 August 1627, aged fifteen, he was admitted to ...

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Fuller, William (1670–1733), government agent and controversialist, was born, according to his own account, on 20 September 1670 at Milton, near Sittingbourne, Kent, the son of Robert Fuller, a substantial local grazier, who died only a few months later, and his wife, Catherine (...

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Hunt, Thomas (1626/7–1688), lawyer and whig polemicist, was born in Austin Friars, London, the son of Richard Hunt, citizen and mercer of London, and his wife, Mary Gascoyne, daughter of William Gascoyne of Cleveland, Yorkshire. He was admitted a pensioner at Queens' College, Cambridge...

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Hunton, Philip (bap. 1602, d. 1682/3), polemicist, was baptized at Andover, Hampshire, on 12 September 1602, the son of Philip Hunton, yeoman. He was admitted as a batteler or servitor at Wadham College, Oxford, in 1622; he matriculated on 31 January 1623, graduated BA in 1626, and proceeded MA in 1629. He was ordained priest at ...

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Elinor James (1644/55–1719) by unknown artist, c. 1700 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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James [née Banckes], Elinor [Eleanor] (1644/5–1719), printer and polemicist, was the daughter of Mary Banckes; the name of her father is not known. By a marriage licence dated 27 October 1662, at the age of seventeen, she married Thomas James (c...

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Maker: Robert Edge Pine

Catharine Macaulay (1731–1791) by Robert Edge Pine, c. 1775 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Macaulay [née Sawbridge; other married name Graham], Catharine (1731–1791), historian and political polemicist, was born on 2 April 1731 at Olantigh in the parish of Wye, Kent, second daughter of John Sawbridge (1699–1762), landowner, and his second wife, Dorothy Wanley (1713–1733), daughter of ...

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Parkinson, James (1653–1722), polemicist, son of James Parkinson, was born in Witney, Oxfordshire, on 3 March 1653. He matriculated from Brasenose College, Oxford, as a servitor on 2 April 1669 and migrated in 1671 to Corpus Christi College with a scholarship. Parkinson soon displayed his characteristic propensity to discord, accusing ...

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Sedgwick, William (bap. 1609, d. 1663/4), religious and political controversialist, was baptized at Woburn, Bedfordshire, on 17 August 1609, the son of William Sedgwick (d. 1632), gentleman, of London, and his wife, Elizabeth Howe. His brother was Robert Sedgwick (bap. 1613, d. 1656)...

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Williams, Griffith (1587/8–1672), bishop of Ossory and controversialist, was born in the township of Treflan near Caernarfon into a well-established family of freeholders; according to Sir John Wynn, his mother's ancestors were from Penmynydd, Anglesey. After private education at Caernarfon, on 15 June 1604, aged sixteen, he matriculated from ...