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Denis Parsons Burkitt (1911–1993) by Godfrey Argent, 1973 Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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Burkitt, Denis Parsons (1911–1993), surgeon and geographical epidemiologist, was born at Alexander Terrace, Enniskillen, co. Fermanagh, Ireland, on 28 February 1911, the elder of the two sons of James Parsons Burkitt (1870–1959), an engineer and county surveyor for Fermanagh, and his wife, Gwendolyn Hill (1878–1960)...

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Sir (William) Watson Cheyne, first baronet (1852–1932) by William Charles Penn, 1906 in the collection of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Cheyne, Sir (William) Watson, first baronet (1852–1932), bacteriologist and surgeon, was born at sea, off Hobart Town, Tasmania, on 14 December 1852, the only child of Andrew Cheyne (d. 1867), of Ollaberry, Shetland, captain in the merchant navy, and his wife, Eliza (...

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Edward Jenner (1749–1823) by James Northcote, 1803 [completed 1823] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Jenner, Edward (1749–1823), surgeon and pioneer of smallpox vaccination, was born on 17 May 1749 at the vicarage, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, the fourth son and eighth of nine children of the Revd Stephen Jenner (1702–1754), vicar of Berkeley, and his wife, Sarah (1709–1754), daughter of the ...

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Ogston, Sir Alexander (1844–1929), surgeon and bacteriologist, was born at Ogston's Court, 84 Broad Street, Aberdeen, on 19 April 1844, the elder son of Francis Ogston (bap. 1803, d. 1887), physician, and his wife, Amelia Cadenhead (d. 1852). After attending Archibald Storrie's school...

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Parker, Samuel William Langston (1804/5–1871), surgeon and venereologist, was born in Birmingham, the son of William J. Parker, a medical practitioner of Aston Road, Birmingham, and medical officer to the Aston Union. Parker was educated at Heathfield Road School, Handsworth, under the Revd Daniel Walton...

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Ring, John (bap. 1752, d. 1821), surgeon and vaccinator, was born in Wincanton, Somerset, and baptized on 21 August 1752, the son of Richard Ring. Nothing is known of the family beyond that they were people of some position. Certainly, they were able to provide their son with a good education. ...

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John Snow (1813–1858) by unknown photographer, c. 1856 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Snow, John (1813–1858), anaesthetist and epidemiologist, was born on 15 March 1813 at North Street, York, the eldest of the nine children of William Snow (1783–1846) and his wife, Frances Askham (1789–1860). At the time of Snow's birth his father was a labourer, but he later became a farmer and in 1841 moved to a farm in ...

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Sutton, Robert (bap. 1708, d. 1788), surgeon, apothecary, and smallpox inoculator, was baptized in Kenton, Suffolk, on 12 February 1708, the son of Robert Sutton, gentleman. He was apprenticed in September 1726 to John Turner of Debenham, Suffolk, apothecary. In October 1731, shortly after completing his apprenticeship, he married ...