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Bell, John (1763–1820), surgeon and anatomist, was born on 12 May 1763 in Edinburgh, the second son of the Revd William Bell (1704–1779) and his wife, Margaret Morrice. Despite the impoverishment of the family which was caused by Bell's father's conversion from the ...

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Paul Buissière (d. 1739) by unknown artist © Royal Society

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Michael Bevan

Buissière [Bussière], Paul (d. 1739), surgeon and anatomist, was a native of France, and a protestant who had left his country on account of his religion. Before leaving France he had practised with distinction in the principality of Orange. He settled in the first instance at ...

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Carlisle, Sir Anthony (1768–1840), surgeon and anatomist, was born on 15 February 1768 at Stillington, Durham, the third son of Thomas Carlisle and his first wife Barbara (d. 1768), daughter of John and Elizabeth Hubback of Cowpen Bowley, near Stillington. Following Barbara's...

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Carpue, Joseph Constantine (bap. 1764, d. 1846), surgeon and anatomist, was baptized on 4 May 1764 at the Sardinian embassy chapel, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, the son of Henry Carpue (d. 1794), a Roman Catholic gentleman of Brook Green, and his wife, ...

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William Cheselden (1688–1752) by Jonathan Richardson the elder reproduced by kind permission of the President and Council of the Royal College of Surgeons of London

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Cheselden, William (1688–1752), surgeon and anatomist, born on 19 October 1688 in a dwelling, now Cheseldyne House, at Burrough on the Hill, Somerby, Leicestershire, was the third child and second son of George Cheselden, landowner and farmer, and his wife, Deborah, daughter of ...

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William Cowper (1666/77–1710) by John Closterman, in or before 1698 reproduced by kind permission of the President and Council of the Royal College of Surgeons of London

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Cowper [Cooper], William (1666/7–1710), surgeon and anatomist, was the youngest son of Richard Cowper of Petersfield, Hampshire. He was apprenticed in London first to the surgeon William Bignall on 4 April 1681 and afterwards to John Fletcher. Cowper was admitted a freeman of the ...

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William Hewson (1739–1774) by Robert Stewart, pubd 1780 © Copyright The British Museum

Article

J. F. Payne

revised by Michael Bevan

Hewson, William (1739–1774), surgeon and anatomist, one of the eleven children of William Hewson (d. 1767), surgeon, and his wife, whose maiden name was Heron, was born at Hexham, Northumberland, on 14 November 1739. After attending Hexham Royal Free Grammar School, he was apprenticed to his father, and was also pupil to ...

Article

Hilton, John (1805–1878), anatomist and surgeon, eldest son of John and Hannah Hilton, was born in Sible Hedingham, Essex, on 22 September 1805. He was the uncle of the physician Charles Hilton Fagge (1838–1883). Hilton's father, originally of humble circumstances, subsequently engaged in the straw-plaiting industry, purchased brickfields, and built ...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by Michael Bevan

Holden, Luther (1815–1905), surgeon and anatomist, was born on 11 December 1815 in his grandfather's house at Birmingham. He was the second son of the Revd Henry Augustus Holden (1785–1870), who married his cousin Mary Willetts, daughter of Hyla Holden of Wednesbury in ...

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John Hunter (1728–1793) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1786, reworked 1789 reproduced by kind permission of the President and Council of the Royal College of Surgeons of London

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Hunter, John (1728–1793), surgeon and anatomist, was born during the night of 13 February 1728, the youngest of ten children of John Hunter (1662/3–1741) and his wife, Agnes Paul (c.1685–1751), in the family holding at Long Calderwood in East Kilbride, a small village near ...

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Ledwich, Thomas Hawkesworth (bap. 1821, d. 1858), anatomist and surgeon, was the son of Edward Ledwich, an attorney who practised in Waterford, and his wife, Catharine Eleanor Hawkesworth. He was baptized on 11 October 1821 at St Mary's, Pembroke, where his family was living temporarily. His grandfather was ...

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Marshall, John (1818–1891), surgeon and teacher of anatomy, was born on 11 September 1818 at Ely, Cambridgeshire, the second son and third child of William Marshall (1776–1842) and his second wife, Ann Cropley (c.1793–1861), also of Ely. William Marshall was a successful solicitor, whose eldest son, also ...

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Molins, William (1617–1691), surgeon and anatomist, seventh son of James Molins (c. 1580–1638) and his wife, Aurelia Molins (c. 1582–1641) [see under Molins, James], a midwife and daughter of John Florio (1553–1625), was born in Shoe Lane, Holborn, London, at 2.45 p.m. on 13 February 1617, according to a horoscope by ...

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Alexander Monro primus (1697–1767) by Allan Ramsay, 1749 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Monro, Alexander, primus (1697–1767), surgeon and anatomist, was born in London on 8 September 1697, the only surviving son of John Monro (bap. 1670, d. 1740), an army surgeon, and his wife and first cousin, Jean Forbes (d. c.1710), daughter of ...