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Barry, Sir David (1780–1835), army surgeon and physiologist, was born on 12 March 1780 in co. Roscommon, Ireland. After showing early talent in classics and mathematics, he eventually decided upon a career in medicine. He was examined for the army in the Royal College of Surgeons...

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Sir Charles Bell (1774–1842) by John Stevens, c. 1821 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bell, Sir Charles (1774–1842), physiologist and surgeon, the youngest of the six children of William Bell (1704–1779), an Episcopal clergyman, and his wife, Margaret Morrice, the daughter of a clergyman, was born in November 1774 at Fountainbridge, at that time a suburb of ...

Article

Bell, John (1763–1820), surgeon and anatomist, was born on 12 May 1763 in Edinburgh, the second son of the Revd William Bell (1704–1779) and his wife, Margaret Morrice. Despite the impoverishment of the family which was caused by Bell's father's conversion from the ...

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Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, first baronet (1783–1862) by Maull & Polyblank, late 1850s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brodie, Sir Benjamin Collins, first baronet (1783–1862), physiologist and surgeon, was born on 8 June 1783 at Winterslow, Wiltshire, the fourth child and third son of Peter Bellinger Brodie (1742–1804), rector of the parish, and his wife, Sarah (1755–1847), daughter of Benjamin Collins...

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Bryden, James Lumsdaine (1833–1880), surgeon and medical statistician, was born in Edinburgh; little is known of his parents or his early life. He attended Edinburgh high school and then Edinburgh University, where he obtained the licentiateship of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh...

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Paul Buissière (d. 1739) by unknown artist © Royal Society

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Michael Bevan

Buissière [Bussière], Paul (d. 1739), surgeon and anatomist, was a native of France, and a protestant who had left his country on account of his religion. Before leaving France he had practised with distinction in the principality of Orange. He settled in the first instance at ...

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Carlisle, Sir Anthony (1768–1840), surgeon and anatomist, was born on 15 February 1768 at Stillington, Durham, the third son of Thomas Carlisle and his first wife Barbara (d. 1768), daughter of John and Elizabeth Hubback of Cowpen Bowley, near Stillington. Following Barbara's...

Article

Carpue, Joseph Constantine (bap. 1764, d. 1846), surgeon and anatomist, was baptized on 4 May 1764 at the Sardinian embassy chapel, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, the son of Henry Carpue (d. 1794), a Roman Catholic gentleman of Brook Green, and his wife, ...

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William Cheselden (1688–1752) by Jonathan Richardson the elder reproduced by kind permission of the President and Council of the Royal College of Surgeons of London

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Cheselden, William (1688–1752), surgeon and anatomist, born on 19 October 1688 in a dwelling, now Cheseldyne House, at Burrough on the Hill, Somerby, Leicestershire, was the third child and second son of George Cheselden, landowner and farmer, and his wife, Deborah, daughter of ...

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William Cowper (1666/77–1710) by John Closterman, in or before 1698 reproduced by kind permission of the President and Council of the Royal College of Surgeons of London

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Cowper [Cooper], William (1666/7–1710), surgeon and anatomist, was the youngest son of Richard Cowper of Petersfield, Hampshire. He was apprenticed in London first to the surgeon William Bignall on 4 April 1681 and afterwards to John Fletcher. Cowper was admitted a freeman of the ...

Article

G. T. Bettany

revised by Caroline Overy

Haighton, John (c. 1755–1823), surgeon and physiologist, was born in Lancashire. After studying under Joseph Else at St Thomas's Hospital, London, he became a surgeon to the guards, but resigned on being appointed demonstrator of anatomy at St Thomas's, under Henry Cline. He was a skilful surgeon and so promising an anatomist that ...

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William Hewson (1739–1774) by Robert Stewart, pubd 1780 © Copyright The British Museum

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J. F. Payne

revised by Michael Bevan

Hewson, William (1739–1774), surgeon and anatomist, one of the eleven children of William Hewson (d. 1767), surgeon, and his wife, whose maiden name was Heron, was born at Hexham, Northumberland, on 14 November 1739. After attending Hexham Royal Free Grammar School, he was apprenticed to his father, and was also pupil to ...

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Hilton, John (1805–1878), anatomist and surgeon, eldest son of John and Hannah Hilton, was born in Sible Hedingham, Essex, on 22 September 1805. He was the uncle of the physician Charles Hilton Fagge (1838–1883). Hilton's father, originally of humble circumstances, subsequently engaged in the straw-plaiting industry, purchased brickfields, and built ...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by Michael Bevan

Holden, Luther (1815–1905), surgeon and anatomist, was born on 11 December 1815 in his grandfather's house at Birmingham. He was the second son of the Revd Henry Augustus Holden (1785–1870), who married his cousin Mary Willetts, daughter of Hyla Holden of Wednesbury in ...