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Blair, Patrick (c. 1680–1728), botanist and surgeon, was born at Lethendy, Perthshire, the third son of George Blair (d. 1682), a farmer, and his wife, Euphame. Little is known of his early life, and his date of birth is not certain. He was apprenticed to a surgeon-apothecary from the late 1680s, possibly in ...

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Burnett, Gilbert Thomas (1800–1835), surgeon and botanist, was born in London on 15 April 1800, one of three children of Gilbert Burnett, surgeon, and his wife, Ann. He was reputedly a descendant of Bishop Gilbert Burnet (1643–1715). Educated by Joseph Benson (1778?–1861) at ...

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B. D. Jackson

revised by Patrick Wallis

Castle, Thomas (1805/6–1837), surgeon and botanist, was born in Kent, the youngest son of Slodden Castle, of Sandwich, Kent. After leaving school he became an apprentice of John Gill, a surgeon at Hythe; in his third year he began his first book, which he finished before going to ...

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Cooper, Thomas Henry (1813–1881), surgeon and botanist, was born in December 1813 at Lewes, Sussex, the second of four sons of Thomas Cooper, a solicitor in that town, and Lucy Elizabeth Durrant. He probably attended Lewes grammar school and at fifteen was apprenticed to a surgeon in ...

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Daniell, William Freeman (1817–1865), surgeon and botanist, was born at Salford on 16 November 1817, one of three sons of George and Mary Daniell. Nothing is known of his early life or education; he became MRCS on 5 November 1841, at which time he gave a ...

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G. T. Bettany

revised by Jeffrey S. Reznick

Giraud, Herbert John (1817–1888), surgeon and botanist, was born at Faversham, Kent, on 14 April 1817, the second son and youngest child of John Thomas Giraud (1764–1836), surgeon, and his wife, Mary Chapman, daughter of William Chapman of Badlesmere Court, Kent. His grandfather, ...

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Hamilton [formerly Buchanan], Francis, of Buchanan (1762–1829), East India Company surgeon and botanist, third son of Thomas Buchanan of Spittal of Glenshee and his wife, Elizabeth Hamilton, heiress of Bardowie, was born at Branziet, Perthshire, on 15 February 1762. He graduated MA from ...

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Jameson, William (1815–1882), army surgeon and botanist, was born at Leith, Midlothian, went to the high school at Edinburgh, and then studied medicine at the local university where his uncle, Robert Jameson, was professor of natural history. He qualified as LRCS in 1836 and was appointed assistant surgeon in the ...

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Ralfs, John (1807–1890), surgeon and botanist, was born at Hill House, Millbrook, near Southampton, on 13 September 1807, the second son of Samuel Ralfs (d. 1808), yeoman, and his wife, Mary. Following the death of his father from typhus, John, his brother, and two sisters were brought up at ...

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Wade, Walter (c. 1740–1825), surgeon, physician, and botanist, was the son of John Wade (d. 1799), a Dublin apothecary (a descendant of Henry Wade of Clonebraney, co. Meath, Ireland) and his wife, Katherine. He was probably educated in Dublin, and was then apprenticed to a surgeon. By 1776 he was in practice as a surgeon and man-midwife in ...