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Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Peter Le Fevre

Acton, Edward (d. 1707), naval officer, was the son of Mary Acton, and was related to the Acton family of Shropshire. He entered the navy as a volunteer on the Diamond in September 1691, was lieutenant on the Advice in May 1693, and succeeded as captain on 7 October 1694 following his predecessor's death. The ship was docked in ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Roger Morriss

Affleck, Sir Edmund, baronet (1725–1788), naval officer, ninth son of the eighteen children of Gilbert Affleck (1684?–1764), politician, of Dalham Hall, Suffolk, and Anna Dolben, was born on 19 April 1725. He became a lieutenant in the Royal Navy in July 1745, commander in May 1756, and captain on 23 March 1757; and he served throughout the Seven Years' War, first in the ...

Article

Affleck, Philip (b. after 1725?, d. 1799), naval officer, was one of the eighteen children of Gilbert Affleck (1684?–1764), politician, of Dalham Hall, Suffolk, and Anna Dolben. He was the younger brother of Edmund Affleck, also a naval officer, who was born in April 1725. He first went to sea in the service of the ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Randolph Cock

Ambrose, John (d. 1771), naval officer, was commissioned fourth lieutenant of the Lenox on 20 June 1728, and from 27 March 1734 served as captain of the frigate Greyhound in Sir John Norris's fleet off Lisbon. As captain of the Rupert (60 guns) from 12 September 1740 he cruised the north coast of ...

Article

Ames, Joseph (1619–1695), naval officer, was born at Great Yarmouth on 5 March 1619, the son of John Ames (c.1577–1647). Bred to the sea, Ames appears to have played no part in the civil war but he shared the puritan sentiments strong in the town and on 18 February 1647 was admitted to the congregationalist church led by ...

Article

Appleton, Henry (d. 1657), naval officer, probably born in Hull, was bred to the sea and commanded merchant vessels to Spain and the Mediterranean in the 1630s and 1640s. He was admitted a younger brother of Hull Trinity House in 1632, and was elected an assistant in 1640, an elder brother in 1644, and warden in 1650. In 1645 he was also serving as lieutenant of the town's garrison. He played very little part in naval affairs during the civil wars, though there were negotiations to hire one of his ships and its ordnance in 1645. In September 1650, however, ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Randolph Cock

Arnold, Thomas (1679–1737), naval officer, was born in Lowestoft, the second of five sons of Matthew Arnold and his wife (née Coe). After gaining his commission on 23 October 1708 he served on the Captain, Ormond, and Dragon under the patronage of ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Austen, Sir Francis William (1774–1865), naval officer, fifth son of the Revd George Austen (1731–1805), rector of Steventon in Hampshire, and his wife, Cassandra (1739–1827), daughter of the Revd Thomas Leigh, was born at Steventon on 23 April 1774. He was the brother of ...

Article

Aylmer, Matthew, first Baron Aylmer of Balrath (d. 1720), naval officer and politician, was the second son of Sir Christopher Aylmer (c.1615–1671), first baronet, of Balrath, co. Meath, and his wife, Margaret, née Plunkett (d. 1671). In 1672 he entered the regiment of the ...

Article

Badiley, Richard (c. 1616–1657), naval officer, was formerly a mariner, shipowner, and merchant. Though nothing is known of his origins, he was probably related to the John and Thomas Badiley who figure in Trinity House lists of shipmasters in the 1620s. Bred to the sea, ...

Article

Baillie, Thomas (c. 1725–1802), naval officer, probably from Dublin, entered the navy about 1740, and became a lieutenant on 29 March 1745, in which rank he served in the Mars, Gloucester, Scorpion, Culloden, and, from 3 June 1752, the Deptford (50 guns), in which he was present at ...

Image

Thomas Baillie (c. 1725–1802) by Nathaniel Hone, 1779 © National Maritime Museum, London, Greenwich Hospital Collection

Article

Baker, John (1660–1716), naval officer and politician, was a son of James Baker (d. before 1666), a mariner of Deal, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. after 1715). He was appointed second lieutenant of the Woolwich on 14 November 1688, became captain of the ...

Image

Sir Alexander John Ball, baronet (1756–1809) by unknown engraver, pubd 1803 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Ball, Sir Alexander John, baronet (1756–1809), naval officer and politician in Malta, was born on 22 July 1756 at Ebworth Park, Painswick, Gloucestershire, the son of Robert Ball (1714/15–1766), high sheriff of that county, and Mary, née Dickinson. He attended Market House School...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Barclay, John (1741–1823), marine officer, entered the corps in March 1755 as second lieutenant, and became first lieutenant in July 1756. He served throughout the Seven Years' War (1756–63), in the Mediterranean, at Belle Île (off the Britanny coast) in 1761, and on the coast of ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Barker, James (1772–1838), naval officer, son of James Barker, shipowner at Rotherhithe, was born on 2 March 1772, and was entered on the books of the sloop Beaver as early as 13 June 1780. He afterwards, while still a boy, was on the ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Peter Le Fevre

Barker, John (c. 1600–1653), naval officer and shipmaster, was possibly related to the John Barker of Ratcliffe, Middlesex, shipmaster and captain of the Golden Cock who in 1629, aged forty-five, appeared before the admiralty court in connection with illegally seizing, and selling, a ship belonging to the ...

Image

Curtis Barnett (d. 1746) by John Ellys, c. 1743–4 © National Maritime Museum, London

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Richard Harding

Barnett, Curtis (d. 1746), naval officer, was reputedly the son of Benjamin Barnett, a first lieutenant in the Stirling Castle, who was drowned when that vessel foundered in the great storm of 27 November 1703. Very little is known of Barnett's early career and connections, other than that he served in the ...