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Clapperton, Hugh (1788–1827), naval officer and traveller in Africa, was born at Annan, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, the youngest son of George Clapperton, a surgeon, and his first wife, the daughter of John Johnstone. His mother died when he was a child, and his father remarried. Feckless (he fathered altogether twenty-one children), negligent of his medical practice, and, as a result, impoverished, his father left him to the charge of a spiteful stepmother who cared only for her own children. His schooling was neglected, and he learned little more than to read and write. Eventually the town schoolmaster gave him lessons in practical mathematics and navigation, and he taught himself to draw....

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Hugh Clapperton (1788–1827) by G. Manton Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Cochrane, Sir Alexander Inglis (1758–1832), naval officer and politician, was born Alexander Forrester Cochrane on 22 April 1758, the ninth of eleven children (all sons) of Thomas Cochrane, eighth earl of Dundonald (bap. 1691, d. 1778), and his second wife, Jean (1722/3–1808)...

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Sir Alexander Forrester Inglis Cochrane (1758–1832) by Robert Field, 1809 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Cochrane, Thomas, tenth earl of Dundonald (1775–1860), naval officer, born at Annesfield, Hamilton, Scotland, on 14 December 1775, was the eldest son of Archibald Cochrane, ninth earl of Dundonald (1748–1831), and his first wife, Anne Gilchrist (1755–1784), second daughter of Captain James Gilchrist...

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Thomas Cochrane, tenth earl of Dundonald (1775–1860) by Peter Eduard Ströhling, exh. RA 1807 private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Cunningham, Andrew Browne, Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope (1883–1963), naval officer, was born at 42 Grosvenor Square, Rathmines, Dublin, on 7 January 1883, the third of the five children of Daniel John Cunningham (1850–1909), then a professor of anatomy at Trinity College, Dublin, and his wife, ...

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Andrew Browne Cunningham, Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope (1883–1963) by Yousuf Karsh, 1943 © Karsh / Camera Press, London; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Duncan, Adam, Viscount Duncan (1731–1804), naval officer, was born on 1 July 1731 at the town house of the Stewarts of Grandtully, Seagait, Dundee, the third of seven children of Alexander Duncan (1703–1765) of Lundie, Forfarshire, provost of Dundee (1744–6), and Helen Haldane (...

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Adam Duncan, Viscount Duncan (1731–1804) by Henry Pierre Danloux, 1792 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Elliot, Sir George (1784–1863), naval officer and politician, was the second son of Gilbert Elliot Murray Kynynmound, first earl of Minto (1751–1814), and his wife, Anna Maria (1752–1829), daughter of Sir George Amyand, bt. He was born on 1 August 1784, the younger brother of ...

Article

Elphinstone, George Keith, Viscount Keith (1746–1823), naval officer and politician, was born on 7 January 1746 at Elphinstone Tower, Airth, near Stirling, the fourth son and seventh child of the eight children of Charles Elphinstone, tenth Lord Elphinstone (1711–1781), and Lady Clementina Fleming (1719–1799)...

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George Keith Elphinstone, Viscount Keith (1746–1823) by John Hoppner, c. 1799 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Roger Morriss

Gordon, Sir James Alexander (1782–1869), naval officer, eldest son of Charles Gordon of Wardhouse, Aberdeenshire, and his wife, a daughter of Major James Mercer, of Auchnacant, Aberdeenshire, was born at Kildrummy Castle, Kildrummy, Aberdeenshire. He entered the navy in November 1793 on the ...

Article

Greig, Alexis Samuilovich (1775–1845), naval officer in the Russian service, son of Sir Samuel Greig (1735–1788), was born at Kronstadt on 18 September 1775. As a reward for his father's services, he was enrolled at his birth as a midshipman in the Russian navy. He first distinguished himself in 1807, during the Russo-Turkish War of 1806–12, when a rear-admiral. After the defeat of the Turks off ...

Article

Hamilton, Sir Frederick Hew George Dalrymple- (1890–1974), naval officer, was born in London on 27 March 1890, the younger son and youngest of three children (the middle child, a daughter, died two months after he was born) of Colonel the Hon. North de Coigny Dalrymple (1853–1906)...

Article

See Rowan, Archibald Hamilton

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Hay, Lord John (1793–1851), naval officer and politician, third son of George Hay, seventh marquess of Tweeddale (1753–1804), and his wife, Hannah Charlotte Maitland (d. 8 May 1804), daughter of James Maitland, seventh earl of Lauderdale, was born in Scotland on 1 April 1793. In December 1804 he was nominally entered on the books of the ...

Article

Hay, Sir John Charles Dalrymple, third baronet (1821–1912), naval officer and politician, was born at 113 Princes Street, Edinburgh, on 11 February 1821, eldest surviving son of Sir James Dalrymple Hay, second baronet (1788–1861), and his wife, Elizabeth, née Maxwell (d. 1821)...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Hope, Sir James (1808–1881), naval officer, born on 3 March 1808, was the son of Rear-Admiral Sir George Johnstone Hope (1767–1818), who as a captain commanded the Defence at Trafalgar, and his first wife, Lady Jemima Hope Johnstone, fifth daughter of James Hope Johnstone, ...