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Sir Francis Beaufort (1774–1857) by Stephen Pearce, 1855–6 © National Maritime Museum, London, Greenwich Hospital Collection

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by N. A. M. Rodger

Beaufort, Sir Francis (1774–1857), naval officer and hydrographer, was born on 27 May 1774 at Flower Hill, Navan, co. Meath, the second son of the Revd Daniel Augustus Beaufort (1739–1821), rector of Navan, a topographer and architect of some distinction, and his wife, ...

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Frederick William Beechey (1796–1856) by Stephen Pearce, 1850 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Beechey, Frederick William (1796–1856), naval officer and hydrographer, son of Sir William Beechey, RA (1753–1839), and his second wife, Anne Phyllis Beechey, née Jessop (1764–1833) [see under Beechey, Sir William], the miniature painter, was born on 17 February 1796. His brothers were ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Belcher, Sir Edward (1799–1877), naval officer and hydrographer, was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, on 27 February 1799, the second son of Andrew Belcher (1763–1841), a merchant in Nova Scotia who moved to England in 1811 and settled at Roehampton, Surrey, and his wife, ...

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John Albert Bentinck (1737–1775) by Mason Chamberlin, 1775 [left, with his son William Bentinck] © National Maritime Museum, London

Article

Bentinck, John Albert (1737–1775), naval officer and inventor of mechanical devices, was born on 29 December 1737, the second son of William, Count Bentinck (1704–1774) and Countess Charlotte Sophie of Aldenburg (1715–1800), and grandson of Hans Willem Bentinck, first earl of Portland. His parents separated when he was about a year old and he never knew his mother. He went to sea at the age of fourteen in the ...

Article

Biddlecombe, Sir George (1807–1878), naval officer and hydrographer, born at Portsea, Hampshire, on 5 November 1807, was the son of Thomas Biddlecombe of Sheerness Dockyard, who died on 12 September 1844. He was educated at Dr Neave's school, Portsea, and joined the merchant navy, in the ship ...

Article

Brown, Sir Samuel (1776–1852), civil engineer and naval officer, was born in London, the eldest son of William Brown of Borland, Galloway, and his wife, a daughter of the Revd Robert Hogg, of Roxburgh. Brown entered the navy as an able seaman in June 1795, serving with distinction during the Napoleonic wars from that year. He was commissioned in 1800 and, as lieutenant on the ...

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Cowper Phipps Coles (1819–1870) by J. Harris © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Coles, Cowper Phipps (1819–1870), naval officer and inventor of a gun turret, was born on 9 July 1819, the third son of the Revd John Coles (1787–1865) of Ditcham Park, Hampshire, rector of Silchester, and his first wife, Marianne Goodhead, née Rogers (...

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Collins, Greenvile (d. 1694), naval officer and hydrographer, sailed between 1669 and 1671 with Sir John Narborough as master of the Sweepstakes on a voyage to the south seas. He was in sole charge of navigation on this voyage. In 1676 he was master of the ...

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Cust, Sir Herbert Edward Purey- (1857–1938), naval officer and hydrographer, was born on 26 February 1857, the second son of Arthur Perceval Purey-Cust (1828–1916), dean of York (1880–1916), and his wife, Lady Emma Bligh, younger daughter of the fifth earl of Darnley. He entered the ...

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Dixon, Sir Robert Bland (1867–1939), engineer and naval officer, was born on 30 March 1867 at Darlington, the elder son of Robert Bland Dixon, architect and surveyor, and his wife, Mary Ann Whitecomb (née Parr). He was the elder brother of Walter Ernest Dixon...

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Dunsterville, Edward (1796–1873), naval officer and hydrographer, son of Edward Dunsterville, shipowner, was born at Penryn in Cornwall on 2 December 1796. He entered the navy on 17 July 1812 as a first-class volunteer on board the sloop Brisk, on the north coast of ...

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Sir Frederick John Owen Evans (1815–1885) by unknown photographer, c. 1884 © National Maritime Museum, London

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Evans, Sir Frederick John Owen (1815–1885), naval officer and hydrographer, son of John Evans, master RN, was born on 9 March 1815. He entered the navy as a second-class volunteer in 1828. After serving in the Rose and the Winchester he was transferred in 1833 to the ...

Article

Field, Sir (Arthur) Mostyn (1855–1950), naval officer and hydrographer, was born at Braybrooke, near Market Harborough, on 27 June 1855, the youngest of the three children of Lieutenant (later Captain) John Bousquet Field RN, and his wife, Cecilia, daughter of Thomas Mostyn of the army medical department. He was educated at the ...

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Matthew Flinders (1774–1814) by Helena G. de Courcy Jones, 1919 (after unknown artist, 1801?) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew C. F. David

Flinders, Matthew (1774–1814), naval officer and hydrographer, the eldest son of Matthew Flinders (1750–1802) and his first wife, Susannah, née Ward (1752–1783), was born on 16 March 1774 at Donington, near Boston in Lincolnshire, where his father and grandfather had practised as surgeons....