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Bidwell, (Reginald George) Shelford (1913–1996), army officer and military historian, was born on 12 August 1913 at Brooklyn, Sydenham Avenue, Beckenham, Kent, the son of an Indian army officer, Lieutenant-Colonel Reginald Frank Bidwell (1868–1936), and his wife, Mabel Alice Graves, née Petley (1878–1948)...

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Cairnes, William Elliot (1862–1902), army officer and military writer, was born at Galway on 18 September 1862, to an old family of Scottish descent, the son of John Elliot Cairnes (1823–1875), economist and professor at University College, London, and his wife, Eliza Charlotte...

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Cannon, Richard (1779–1865), civil servant and military historian, was educated at Christ's Hospital, London. On 1 January 1802 he was appointed to a clerkship at the Horse Guards, one of fifteen clerks administering the adjutant-general's department. In 1805 he was made principal clerk of the adjutant-general's office, which appointment he held for nearly fifty years. Reputedly, ...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by James Lunt

Carter, Thomas (d. 1867), military writer, entered in April 1839 as a temporary clerk at the Horse Guards, Whitehall, London, and subsequently rose to the position of first-class clerk in the adjutant-general's office, a post he held until his death. He assisted Richard Cannon...

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Chesney, Charles Cornwallis (1826–1876), army officer and military historian, was a nephew of General Francis Rawdon Chesney, in whose house he was born, and to whom he owed his first advance in life. He was the son of another Charles Cornwallis Chesney (1791–1830)...

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Clerke, Thomas Henry Shadwell (1792–1849), army officer and military journalist, was born at Bandon, co. Cork. Intended for the army, a profession also adopted by his brothers, St John Augustus Clerke, who died a lieutenant-general and colonel in the 75th foot on 17 January 1870, and ...

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Sir John William Fortescue (1859–1933) by William Strang, 1909 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fortescue, Sir John William (1859–1933), military historian, was born on 28 December 1859 in Madeira, the fifth son (and ninth of thirteen children) of Hugh Fortescue, third Earl Fortescue (1818–1905), and his wife, Georgiana Augusta Charlotte Caroline (1826–1866), eldest daughter of Colonel George Lionel Dawson-Damer...

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Gillard, Francis George [Frank] (1908–1998), broadcaster and war correspondent, was born on 1 December 1908 at 20 Silver Street, Tiverton, Devon, the elder child and only son of Francis Henry Gillard (c.1880–1953), master butcher, and his wife, Emily Jane, née Burridge (1882–1958)...

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Griffiths, Frederick Augustus (1795/6–1869), army officer and military writer, entered the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, on 20 February 1810. He was commissioned second lieutenant in the Royal Artillery on 13 December 1813, first lieutenant on 8 October 1816, captain on 23 December 1841, and brevet major on 28 November 1854. In 1854 he became professor of fortification at ...

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John Gurwood (1790–1845) by William Salter, 1834–40 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gurwood, John (1790–1845), army officer and editor of Wellington's dispatches, was the second son of one Gurwood; his widowed mother married H. Okey. He started work in an office, but after an unrequited love affair entered the army as ensign in the 52nd light infantry...

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Hart, Henry George (1808–1878), army officer and founder of Hart's Army List, belonged to the old Dorset family of Hart of Netherbury, and was the third son of Lieutenant-Colonel William Hart, who served in the Royal Navy, the Dorsetshire militia, and the 111th regiment...

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Jackson, Sir William Godfrey Fothergill [Bill] (1917–1999), army officer and military historian, was born on 28 August 1917 at Blackpool, the only son and elder of the two children of Colonel Albert Jackson (1887–1956), an officer in the Royal Army Medical Corps, and his wife, ...

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James, Walter Haweis (1847–1927), army officer, politician, and military writer, was born on 9 July 1847, the youngest son of H. C. James and his wife, Elizabeth Jane, née Page. The family home was Bushmead Hall, Bedford. Educated privately, James entered the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich...

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Lloyd, Henry Humphrey Evans (c. 1718–1783), army officer and military writer, was born the son of a clergyman at Cwm Bychan Farm, in the parish of Llanbedr, Merioneth. He was educated at Jesus College, Oxford. Lloyd hoped to pursue a military career but could not afford to purchase a commission. In 1744 he went to ...

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Maurice, Sir John Frederick (1841–1912), army officer and military writer, the eldest son of (John) Frederick Denison Maurice (1805–1872) and his first wife, Anna, née Barton (d. 1845), was born in London on 24 May 1841. His father's ideals and principles greatly influenced him, and he wrote his biography (1884). He was educated at ...

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Sir John Frederick Maurice (1841–1912) by W. & D. Downey, pubd 1890 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Moulton, James Louis (1906–1993), marine officer and military historian, was born on 3 June 1906 at The Terrace, His Majesty's Dockyard, Pembroke Dock, Pembrokeshire, the son of John Davis Moulton (d. 1921), staff captain in the Royal Navy (also JP for Kingston, Jamaica...

Article

B. H. Soulsby

revised by James Falkner

Philippart, John (c. 1784–1875), military writer, born in London, was educated at a military academy, and then placed in the office of a Scottish solicitor. He was, however, more interested in military matters. In 1809 he became private secretary to John Baker Holroyd, ...